Charles Haskins Townsend

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Charles Haskins Townsend
Charles Haskins Townsend - journal.pone.0034905.g026-cropped.png
Charles Haskins Townsend
Born September 29, 1859
Parnassus, Pennsylvania
Died January 28, 1944 (1944-01-29) (aged 84)
Miami, Florida
Residence Westchester County, New York
Citizenship United States
Nationality American
Fields Zoology
Institutions United States Fish Commission
New York Aquarium
Alma mater Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia
Spouse Ella Townsend, nee Bean, (1854–1935)

Charles Haskins Townsend, Sc.D. (September 29, 1859 – January 28, 1944) was an American zoologist.

Early life[edit]

The son of the Reverend Daniel W. Townsend and Elizabeth Townsend, née Kier, he was born at Parnassus, Pennsylvania,[1] and educated in public and private schools.[2]


In 1883, he became assistant United States Fish Commissioner in charge of salmon propagation in California. For a time, he was in charge of deep-sea explorations on the USS Albatross.[3] From 1897 to 1902, he served as chief of the Fish Commission's fisheries division. He then served as director of the New York Aquarium at Castle Garden, from 1902 until his retirement in 1937.[1]

Memberships and honors[edit]

In 1902 he was an expert before the Russo-American fisheries arbitration at The Hague.[1] In 1912-13 he was president of the American Fisheries Society.[1] He was elected a fellow of the New York Academy of Sciences.[1]

He is commemorated in the names of Townsend's shearwater and the Guadalupe fur seal (Arctocephalus townsendi).


He wrote extensively on fisheries, whaling, fur seals, deep-sea exploration and zoology.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Townsend, Charles Haskins" in Who Was Who in America: Science and Technology. (1976). Marquis Who's Who. p. 610.
  2. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Townsend, Charles Haskins". Encyclopedia Americana. 
  3. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Deep-Sea Exploration". Encyclopedia Americana. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]