|Sir Hugh Rowlands|
Sir Hugh Rowland's grave in Llanrug
|Born||6 May 1828
|Died||1 August 1909 (aged 81)
|Buried at||St Michael's Churchyard, Llanrug|
|Unit||41st (Welsh) Regiment of Foot
34th Regiment of Foot
Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Légion d'honneur (France)
Order of the Medjidieh (Ottoman Empire)
General Sir Hugh Rowlands VC, KCB (6 May 1828 – 1 August 1909) was a Welsh recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Hugh Rowlands was the second son of minor Welsh landowner John Rowlands and his wife Elizabeth (née Hartwell) of Plas Tirion, Llanrug, and claimed descent from Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, Prince of Powys, and Dafydd ap Llywelyn, Prince of Gwynedd. He was educated at Beaumaris Grammar School and Mr John Taylor's Cramming Academy, Woolwich.
Rowlands was 26 years old, and a captain in the 41st (Welsh) Regiment of Foot, British Army during the Crimean War. He first saw action at the battle of the Alma in September 1854 and was present at Little Inkerman the following month.
On 5 November 1854 in the Crimea at Inkerman, Captain Rowlands and Private John McDermond rescued Colonel Hayly of the 47th Regiment who had been wounded and surrounded by Russian soldiers. He also acted with great gallantry in holding the ground occupied by his advanced picquet against the enemy at the commencement of the Battle of Inkerman. For this action he became the first Welshman to be awarded the Victoria Cross.
After service in the West Indies and India he was a Special Service officer in South Africa in 1878 and 1879. He was appointed Commandant of the Transvaal in 1878 and led an unsuccessful assault on the Pedi stronghold of Chief Sekukuni. He served as a brigadier-general during the later stages of the Zulu War.
His latter years of service were spent in India where he commanded the Bangalore Division of the Madras Army and, on two occasions, took temporary command if the Madras Army. Returning to Britain he was appointed Lieutenant of the Tower of London in 1893 and Commander-in-Chief, Scotland in 1894 before retiring in 1896.
He later achieved the rank of General. He was born and died in Llanrug. His VC is on display at the Welch Regiment Museum in Cardiff Castle in Wales. He served as a deputy lieutenant of Caernarfonshire and was a justice of the peace in Caernarfonshire and in the Transvaal. His only son, Major Hugh Barrow Rowlands, Suffolk Regiment and King's African Rifles, died of wounds in Somaliland in 1903.
- The London Gazette: . 24 February 1857.
- "Hugh Rowlands". National Library of Wales. Retrieved 29 November 2014.
- Duke of Wellington's regimental website, Colonels of The Regiment
- Monuments to Courage (David Harvey, 1999)
- The Register of the Victoria Cross (This England, 1997)
- Rowlands, VC - the life and career of General Sir Hugh Rowlands, VC, KCB (W. Alister Williams)
- Commandant of the Transvaal - the life and career of General Sir Hugh Rowlands, VC, KCB (W. Alister Williams)
- Heart of a Dragon, the VCs of Wales and the Welsh Regiments Vol 1, 1854-1902]] (W. Alister Williams)
- Location of grave and VC medal (Gwynedd, Wales)
Arthur Lyon Fremantle
|GOC Scottish District