Humshaugh (//) is a parish near Hexham in Northumberland, England. This small village is just north of Chollerford, which is located near Chesters Fort (Cilurnum) on Hadrian's Wall and is about 21 miles west of Newcastle upon Tyne. The village of Humshaugh lies just off the military road running from Newcastle to Carlisle which was built by General Wade during the 1745 Jacobite rebellion. Other nearby villages include Low Brunton and Walwick. For those who are new to the area, Humshaugh is usually pronounced Humz-hoff, although some genuine locals have been heard calling it Humz-haff.
The paper mill near Humshaugh, on the River North Tyne close to Barrasford, among other mills in various rural locations around England, was used during the Napoleonic Wars to make the paper that was used to print fake French money in a bid to flood France with the forged notes, which was intended to cause a marked devaluation of the currency.
It is also attributed as the site of the first official Scout camp, held in August 1908, a year after the more famous experimental camp on Brownsea Island. However, this is misleading, Humshaugh was a large Parish, before sub division, and the Scouts took the train to Chollerford, the nearest station to Humshaugh, and walked up through Walwick and the woods to the site, which is known as Look Wide! The actual site is on land belonging to Park Shields Farm (grid reference NY 885 697), near to Fourstones, and is now marked by a cairn commemorating the event.
First official Scout camp
While Brownsea Island was the site of the experimental camp run by Baden-Powell in 1907, Humshaugh hosted what is recognised as the first official Scout camp from 22 August to 4 September 1908. The difference between the two camps is that the 1907 event was not attended by any invested members of Scouting, since there was no movement at the time. The Humshaugh camp saw 30 invested Boy Scouts from around the United Kingdom who were members of recognised Scout Troops who followed the Scout Method and Scout Law as developed by Baden-Powell and published in his Scouting for Boys.
The camp was advertised in the first issue of The Scout[clarification needed] magazine in April 1908. The magazine asked the question "Who of you would want to spend a fortnight under canvas with a Troop of other boys, and under the care of General Baden-Powell?", which was met with great enthusiasm by the members of the fledgling movement. However, there was a catch – there were only thirty places available for Scouts on the camp, and they were to be selected by a voting system. Each issue of the magazine included a coupon which was to be sent back to the publisher with the name of a Scout being nominated to attend the camp.
|First official Scout Camp|
|Location||Carr Edge, Humshaugh, Northumberland|
|Date||1908-08-22 to 1908-09-04|
This voting scheme was not the choice of Baden-Powell, but rather that of the magazine's publisher, C. Arthur Pearson, and many consider the idea to be a cynical marketing scheme designed to increase the sales of the magazine. Baden-Powell himself wrote "There is something in it which I fear will put off some readers of the better sort". However, this did not dampen the enthusiasm of the Scouts themselves. Lists were published in each issue, building up to the event, allowing Scouts to see who was in the top fifty nominees. When the voting had closed, the first placed Scout, F. D. Watson, had gained nominations from over 29,000 "friends".
Baden-Powell personally awarded the top fifty nominees a special edition "Scout" camera, along with a free copy of Scouting for Boys to the next fifty.
The thirty nominated participants became known as the "Gallant Thirty". They were divided into five Patrols, and joined by a further six Scouts who were invited by Baden-Powell himself, including his own nephew, Donald Baden-Powell (who was also a participant of the Brownsea Island camp).
A number of adults also participated in the camp, many of whom were to become key figures in the Scout Movement in the years following the camp:
- Percy Everett – was an editor in the employ of Pearson, and also attended the Brownsea Island camp
- Victor Bridges – became Secretary of the Scout Movement in its early years
- W. B. Wakefield – one of the first two Scout Inspectors, and donated the land which was to become Great Tower Scout Camp
- Eric Sherbrooke Walker – the other of the first Scout Inspectors
- Henry Holt[clarification needed] – became the Quartermaster of the Scout Movement, and started what became the Scout Shop
- Captain Dennis Colbron Pearse was Assistant Commandant. Late he was instrumental in the formation of the local Scouting committees which were to become the District and County organisations. In 1922 he moved to Tasmania, Australia, and was involved in Scouting there.
- J. L. C. Booth
It is also believed that there were two instructors from the United States, but very few details are known about these participants.
However, much of the programme was based around the gully in which the camp was sited, and saw many of the Scout games and Scoutcraft activities which Baden-Powell and his fellow instructors had developed for the Movement.
In August 2008 Jamboree 2008 was held at a campsite close to Carr Edge, and was attended by groups from the Baden-Powell Scouts' Association, a Scout group from Portugal and members of The Scout Association. This event included the several features of the original camp, including a visit to Hexham Abbey and other local attractions.
The name is recorded in 1279 as "Hounshale" and seems to come from Anglo-Saxon Hūnes halh = "Hūn's nook of land".
- "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 29 June 2015.
- "Humshaugh". Northumberland Communities. Retrieved 26 January 2007.
- Walker, Johnny. "Scouting Milestones – Brownsea Island". Scouting Milestones. Archived from the original on 14 June 2011. Retrieved 8 July 2008.
- Walker, Colin (2007). Brownsea:B-P's Acorn: The World's First Scout Camp. Write Books. Archived from the original on 17 May 2008.
- "Where It All Began". zyworld.com. Archived from the original on 7 July 2007. Retrieved 26 January 2007.
- "Lookwide Camp 1908". zyworld.com. Archived from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 26 January 2007.
- "Humshaugh: – A Fortnight in Baden-Powell's Holiday Camp". "Johnny" Walker's Scouting Milestones. Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 26 January 2007.
- Walker, Colin (2008). The Dawn of the World Scout Movement. Write Books. Archived from the original on 17 May 2008.
- "A history of success; a future of promise". Scout Magazine (The Scout Association). Archived from the original on 12 August 2007. Retrieved 26 January 2007.
- Scouting Milesones Biographies - Dennis Colbron Pearse
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 June 2008. Retrieved 28 September 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Jamboree 2008 site
- Diary entries for Jamboree 2008
- "Sunrise at 'Look Wide'". The Scout Association. 16 August 2007. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 16 August 2007.
- "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 29 June 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Humshaugh.|