Hussey Vivian, 3rd Baron Vivian

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Hussey Crespigny Vivian, 3rd Baron Vivian

Hussey Crespigny Vivian, 3rd Baron Vivian GCMG CB DL FRGS (19 June 1834 – 21 October 1893) was a British diplomat from the Vivian family.

Background[edit]

Born at Connaught Place, London, Vivian was the eldest son of Charles Vivian, 2nd Baron Vivian, and was educated at Eton College.

Early diplomatic career[edit]

In 1851, he became a clerk in the Foreign Office, later travelling to Paris with George Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon in 1856 for the signing of the Treaty of Paris and with John Campbell, 2nd Marquess of Breadalbane to Berlin in 1861, to invest William I of Prussia with the Order of the Garter. In 1864, he was sent to Athens with a draft treaty for the transfer of the Ionian Islands to Greece and became a senior clerk in the Foreign Office in 1869.

Later diplomatic career[edit]

In 1873, Vivian was sent to Alexandria as Consul-General, transferred to Bucharest a year later and returned to Alexandria in 1876. In 1878, he was appointed to the Order of the Bath as a Companion (CB).[1][2] He was sent to Bern as Minister Resident in 1879[3] and was promoted to Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Swiss Confederation in 1881.[4] Few months later, he was transferred to Copenhagen and in 1884 to Brussels, where he was appointed to the Order of St Michael and St George as a Knight Commander (KCMG) in the 1886 Birthday Honours.[5] Having succeeded to his father's title in 1886, he was appointed to be a Deputy Lieutenant of the County of Cornwall in 1887.[6] In the 1890 Birthday Honours, he was promoted in the Order of St Michael and St George to be a Knight Grand Cross (GCMG).[7] His final and highest position was to Rome in 1892, where he remained until he died from pneumonia in 1893. He was sworn of the Privy Council on the year of his death.[8] The Prince of Naples was present at his funeral.

Family[edit]

On 8 June 1876, Vivian married Louisa Duff and they had five children, including:

Styles of address[edit]

  • 1834–1842: Mr Hussey Vivian
  • 1842–1878: The Hon. Hussey Vivian
  • 1878–1881: The Hon. Hussey Vivian CB
  • 1881–1886: His Excellency The Hon. Hussey Vivian CB
  • 1886: His Excellency The Rt Hon. The Lord Vivian CB[a]
  • 1886–1887: His Excellency The Rt Hon. The Lord Vivian KCMG CB
  • 1887–1890: His Excellency The Rt Hon. The Lord Vivian KCMG CB DL
  • 1890–1893: His Excellency The Rt Hon. The Lord Vivian GCMG CB DL
  • 1893: His Excellency The Rt Hon. The Lord Vivian GCMG CB PC DL
  1. ^ Although The Lord Vivian was a baronet, by custom the post-nominal of "Bt" is omitted, as Peers of the Realm do not list subsidiary hereditary titles.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24632. p. 5513. 11 October 1878.
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 8939. p. 777. 15 October 1878.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24772. p. 5977. 17 October 1879. Retrieved 11 July 2009.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24953. p. 1306. 22 March 1881. Retrieved 10 July 2009.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25592. p. 2635. 29 May 1886.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25722. p. 3930. 19 July 1887.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26053. p. 2966. 20 May 1890.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26419. p. 3841. 7 July 1893.
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
?
Consul-General to Egypt
1873 – 1874
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
John Green
Consul-General to Wallachia and Moldavia
1874 – 1876
Succeeded by
Charles Mansfield
Preceded by
Edward Stanton
Consul-General to Egypt
1876 – 1879
Succeeded by
Edward Malet
Preceded by
Sir Horace Rumbold, 8th Bt
Resident Minister to the Swiss Confederation
1879 – 1881
Succeeded by
Himself
Preceded by
Himself
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
to the Swiss Confederation

Mar – Jul 1881
Succeeded by
Francis Ottiwell Adams
Preceded by
Hugh MacDonell
Ambassador to Denmark
1881 – 1884
Succeeded by
Sir Edmund Monson, 1st Baronet
Preceded by
Edward Malet
Minister to Belgium
1884 – 1892
Succeeded by
Sir Edmund Monson, 1st Baronet
Preceded by
The Marquess of Dufferin and Ava
Ambassador to Italy
1892 – 1893
Succeeded by
Sir Clare Ford
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Charles Vivian
Baron Vivian
1886 – 1893
Succeeded by
George Vivian