GM HydroGen3

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General-Motors Hydrogen-3.jpg
Manufacturer Opel
Production 2001-2006
Body and chassis
Class Compact MPV
Body style 5-door MPV
Related Opel Zafira
Engine Fuel-cell with 94 kW
Wheelbase 2,694 mm (106 in)
Length 4,350 mm (171 in)
Width 1,750 mm (69 in)
Height 1,685 mm (66 in)
Predecessor HydroGen1
Successor GM HydroGen4

HydroGen3 is an Opel hydrogen fuel cell vehicle used for testing.[1] HydroGen3’s 400-kilometer (250 mi) driving range is the highest of any fuel cell vehicle approved for public roads in Japan. The five seater front-wheel driven prototype is based on the Opel Zafira compact MPV.

Technical specifications[edit]

HydroGen3 during the FC Expo 2007 in Japan
  • Fuel storage system: there are two hydrogen storage system used:
    1. liquid hydrogen: stainless steel liquefied hydrogen tank, installed ahead of rear axle under rear seat, length/diameter 1000/400 mm, capacity 68l/4.6 kg, gross weight 90 kg (198 lb).
    2. compressed hydrogen at 700 bar.
  • Fuel cell unit: 200 individual fuel cells wired in series, voltage 125-200 V, dimensions: 472×251×496 mm, active area: 800 cm2, pressure: 1.5-2.7 bars, output: 94 kW, power density: 1.6 kW/l or 0.94 kW/kg.
  • electric traction system: Three-phase asynchronous electric motor with integrated power electronics and planetary gear, operating voltage: 250-380 V, output: 60 kW, torque: 215 Nm, max. engine rpm: 12000, gear ratio: 8.67:1, gross weight: 92 kg (203 lb), dimensions: 4317×1742×1684 mm, vehicle curb weight: 1590 kg (target value), performance: acceleration 0–100 km/h: 16 s, top speed: 160 km/h (99 mph), operating range: 400 km.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Fuel Cell Vehicles:Status 2007". March 20, 2007. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2006.12.073. 

External links[edit]