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|Products||IONA Artix, Fuse ESB, Orbix, Orbacus|
IONA Technologies was an Irish software company founded in 1991. It began as a campus company linked to Trinity College, Dublin had its headquarters in Dublin, and eventually also expanded its offices in Boston and Tokyo. It specialised in distributed service-oriented architecture (SOA) technology, its products connecting systems and applications by creating a network of services without requiring a centralised server or creating an information technology project. IONA was the first Irish company to float on the NASDAQ exchange. It was valued at up to 1.75 billion USD at its peak. It was one of the world's 10 largest software-only companies, and around 30 new ventures spun out from it. IONA was sold to Progress Software in 2008.
In 1981, a Trinity College Dublin PhD student, Chris Horn, visited Stanford University, and met Andy Bechtolsheim, inventor of the Stanford University Network (SUN) workstation, and Bill Joy, and when they later went on to co-found Sun Microsystems, he began to talk to fellow academics about starting their own venture. Eventually, in 1991, IONA Technologies, was founded by Horn and fellow TCD academics Sean Baker and Annrai O’Toole, each of the three putting in 1,000 Irish pounds for starting capital. IONA received limited support from Trinity College, including an office with a desk and phone in a TCD innovation centre on Westland Row.
Horn was the first CEO and later also lead architect and developer for the Orbix product, launched in 1992. The firm was strategically focused on object-oriented middleware software, but initially produced training, device drivers and ran backups. IONA found the Irish market (business expansion schemes, banks, venture capital firms) unwilling to invest, secured some IDA Ireland support, grew. After showcasing their first product in the USA in 1992, they secured a minority investment from Sun Microsystems in December 1993, 600,000 US dollars for 25% of the equity.
Despite having just 11 staff, they then sold a multi-national network management system to Motorola, and then a solution to Boeing, and were able to become the first Irish company to float on the NASDAQ, achieving the fifth largest debut on that exchange to date.
At peak the company reached a market valuation of 1.75 billion USD. Horn stepped down from the CEO role in 2000, but remained as a non-executive director; he returned to the CEO role from 2003 to 2005, after the "dotcom crash".
On 25 June 2008 it was announced that IONA would be acquired by Progress Software for about $162 million, the deal closing shortly thereafter. Over its lifetime, about 30 new companies had spun out from IONA.
The open-source group was later spun out into its own entity, FuseSource Corp, which was acquired by Red Hat in 2012. This group consisted of individuals and technologies involved in the various open-source projects and communities, including those that joined as part of the acquisition of LogicBlaze.
IONA was involved in the development of standards that are relevant to large-scale IT integration. IONA employed the Web service, Java, TMF and Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) families of standards in their products, and was involved in the following standards bodies:
- World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
- Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS)
- Object Management Group (OMG)
- Telecommunications Management Forum (TMF)
- Web Services Interoperability (WS-I)
- Microsoft/IBM Web Services Workshop Process
- Open Service-Oriented Architecture's Service component architecture (SCA)
- Open Services Gateway initiative (OSGi) Alliance
IONA promoted both open-source and commercially licensed software, participated in several open source initiatives, and acquired LogicBlaze. IONA was involved in the following open-source projects, and offered enterprise versions of the projects that are tested, certified and supported. These became part of FuseSource Corp., now within Red Hat .
- Apache CXF project
- Apache ActiveMQ project
- Apache ServiceMix project
- Apache Camel project
- SOA Tooling Platform (STP) project at the Eclipse Foundation
IONA's products include:
- IONA Artix – advanced SOA infrastructure suite. Components include:
- Artix ESB (Enterprise Service Bus)
- Artix Registry/Repository
- Artix Orchestration
- Artix Mainframe
- Artix Connect for WCF
- Artix Data Services (formally Century 24's Integration Objects (IO). C24 was acquired by IONA in March 2007. In April 2011 C24 Technologies Limited acquired the product and brand from Progress Software and relaunched the product as C24iO.)
- FUSE – IONA's version of open source projects that include testing and professional services. Components included:
- Orbix – commercial CORBA software
- Orbacus – embeddable C++ CORBA ORB
- Professional services – training, consulting, and support
- Irish Independent Archived 27 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine Thu, 24 Jan 2002
- "Case study - Dr Chris Horn on Engineering Innovation, the case of Iona". Management Information Systems, UCD. University College Dublin. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
- Daly, Linda (3 February 2013). "Fame & Fortune: Chris Horn". The Sunday Times. London, UK. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
- Breslin, John. "Chris Horn Talks About Innovation And Ireland: "How Can We Create A Desirable Environment For Entrepreneurs?"". Technology Voice. Retrieved 18 April 2021.
- Phelan, Andrew (26 June 2008). "Trinity boys sell college firm for $162m". The Irish Independent. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
- eWeek Wed, 25 June 2008
- Micro Focus International plc Archived 4 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine 2012-12-24
- eWeek 10 April 2007
- ebizQ 9 July 2007
-  Archived 15 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine"C24 Integration Objects" [C24iO], 6 April 2011
- Three-part history of Iona Technologies and its company culture
- Official Micro Focus website of IONA-related products Orbix, Artix, and Orbacus
- IONA's open source community
- Enterprise ServiceMix
- Enterprise ActiveMQ
- Enterprise CXF
- Enterprise Camel
- ServiceMix project at Apache
- CXF project at Apache
- ActiveMQ project at Apache
- Camel project at Apache
- SOA Tools Platform (STP) project at Eclipse Foundation
- Semantic Technology Related News about IONA Technologies[permanent dead link]