Jump to content


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ibero-America (Spanish: Iberoamérica, Portuguese: Ibero-América) or Iberian America is generally considered to be the region in the Americas comprising countries or territories where Spanish or Portuguese are predominant languages (usually former territories of Portugal or Spain). Portugal and Spain are themselves sometimes included in some Ibero-American diplomatic circles, such as the Ibero-American Summit and the Organization of Ibero-American States. The Organization of Ibero-American States also includes Spanish-speaking Equatorial Guinea, in Central Africa,[1][2] but not the Portuguese-speaking African countries. The Latin Recording Academy, the organization responsible for the Latin Grammy Awards, also includes Spain and Portugal as well as the Latino population of Canada and the United States in their definition of Ibero-America.[3]

The prefix Ibero- and the adjective Iberian refer to the Iberian Peninsula in Europe, which includes Portugal and Spain. Ibero-America includes all Hispanic American countries in North, Central, and South America plus the Hispanophone Caribbean, as well as Portuguese-speaking Brazil. Ibero-America makes up the overwhelming bulk of Latin America, but is differentiated from Latin America by the exclusion of the French-speaking country of Haiti, the French overseas departments of French Guiana, Martinique and Guadeloupe, and the French collectivities of Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy. Belize and Guyana, whose official language is English, and Dutch-speaking Suriname, Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao, Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten are usually not considered to be either Ibero-American or Latin American.

Since 1991, the Iberoamerican Community of Nations organizes a yearly Ibero-American Summit meeting of the heads of state and governments of the Ibero-American countries, including Spain, Portugal and Andorra,[4][5] this has since changed to biannually from 2014.

Countries and population in Ibero-America

  • Spanish-speaking: (430,567,462 speakers)
Argentina Argentina: 47,327,407
Bolivia Bolivia: 12,186,079
Chile Chile: 19,629,588
Colombia Colombia: 52,085,170
Costa Rica Costa Rica: 5,044,197
Cuba Cuba: 11,089,511
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic: 11,434,005
Ecuador Ecuador: 17,483,326
El Salvador El Salvador: 6,602,370
Guatemala Guatemala: 17,980,803
Honduras Honduras: 9,571,352
Mexico Mexico: 129,875,529
Nicaragua Nicaragua: 6,359,689
Panama Panama: 4,337,768
Paraguay Paraguay: 6,218,879
Peru Peru: 34,352,720
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico (U.S. Commonwealth): 9,110,869 (Puerto Rico & Mainland United States)
Uruguay Uruguay: 3,444,263
Venezuela Venezuela: 30,518,260
  • Portuguese-speaking: (227,661,177 speakers)
Brazil Brazil: 203,062,512

See also



  1. ^ Presentación, Acerca de la OEI, Organización de Estados Iberoamericanos para la Educación, la Ciencia y la Cultura. Accessed on line October 22, 2007.
  2. ^ Países Archived 2007-11-12 at the Wayback Machine, Cumbres Iberoamericanas de Jefes de Estado y de Gobierno. Accessed on line October 22, 2007.
  3. ^ Abaroa, Gabriel (2019). "The First Twenty Years". 20a Entrega Anual del Latin Grammy. The Latin Recording Academy: 6. Retrieved July 20, 2022.
  4. ^ Ibero-American Summit Archived 2007-12-06 at the Wayback Machine, Foreign Office, Republic of Brazil. Accessed on line October 22, 2007.
  5. ^ pp. 312–313, Spain: Democracy Regained, Ergasto Ramón Arango, Spain: Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-2915-9.