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Ibero-America (Spanish: Iberoamérica, Portuguese: Ibero-América) or Iberian America is a region in the Americas comprising countries or territories where Spanish or Portuguese are predominant languages (usually former territories of Portugal or Spain). Portugal and Spain are themselves included in some definitions, such as that of the Ibero-American Summit and the Organization of Ibero-American States. The Organization of Ibero-American States also includes Spanish-speaking Equatorial Guinea, in Central Africa,[1][2] but not the Portuguese-speaking African countries. The Latin Recording Academy, the organization responsible for the Latin Grammy Awards, also includes Spain and Portugal as well as the Latino population of Canada and the United States in their definition of Ibero-America.[3]

The prefix Ibero- and the adjective Iberian refer to the Iberian Peninsula in Europe, which includes Portugal and Spain. Ibero-America includes all Hispanic American countries in North, Central, and South America plus the Hispanophone Caribbean, as well as the Portuguese-speaking country of Brazil. Ibero-America makes up the overwhelming bulk of Latin America, but is differentiated from Latin America by the exclusion of the French-speaking country of Haiti, the French overseas departments of French Guiana, Martinique and Guadeloupe, and the French collectivities of Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy. In addition, the countries of Belize, Guyana and Suriname, whose official languages are English and Dutch, respectively, are not considered to be either Ibero-American or Latin American.

Since 1991, the Iberoamerican Community of Nations organizes a yearly Ibero-American Summit meeting of the heads of state and governments of the Ibero-American countries, including Spain, Portugal and Andorra,[4][5] this has since changed to biannually from 2014. The King of Spain is the honorary chair of these meetings.

Countries and population in Europe and the Americas[edit]

  • Spanish-speaking: (430,567,462 speakers)
Argentina Argentina 42,669,500
Bolivia Bolivia 10,556,102
Chile Chile 17,772,871
Colombia Colombia 47,425,437
Costa Rica Costa Rica 4,586,353
Cuba Cuba 11,167,325
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 9,445,281
Ecuador Ecuador 15,223,680
El Salvador El Salvador 6,134,000
Guatemala Guatemala 15,806,675
Honduras Honduras 8,249,574
Mexico Mexico 118,395,054
Nicaragua Nicaragua 6,071,045
Panama Panama 4,058,374
Paraguay Paraguay 6,800,284
Peru Peru 30,814,175
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico (U.S. Commonwealth) 3,667,084
Spain Spain 46,704,314
Uruguay Uruguay 3,324,460
Venezuela Venezuela 28,946,101
  • Portuguese-speaking: (211,520,003 speakers)
Brazil Brazil 201,032,714
Portugal Portugal 10,487,289
  • Catalan-speaking:
Andorra Andorra 76,117

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Presentación, Acerca de la OEI, Organización de Estados Iberoamericanos para la Educación, la Ciencia y la Cultura. Accessed on line October 22, 2007.
  2. ^ Países Archived 2007-11-12 at the Wayback Machine, Cumbres Iberoamericanas de Jefes de Estado y de Gobierno. Accessed on line October 22, 2007.
  3. ^ Abaroa, Gabriel (2019). "The First Twenty Years". 20a Entrega Anual del Latin Grammy. The Latin Recording Academy: 6. Retrieved July 20, 2022.
  4. ^ Ibero-American Summit Archived 2007-12-06 at the Wayback Machine, Foreign Office, Republic of Brazil. Accessed on line October 22, 2007.
  5. ^ pp. 312–313, Spain: Democracy Regained, Ergasto Ramón Arango, Spain: Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-2915-9.

External links[edit]