Ibn Bassal

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Ibn Bassal (1085 C.E.) was a Moor botanist in Toledo and Seville, Spain who wrote about cultivation. Basal wrote the treatise The Classification of Soils which divided soil fertility into ten classifications. He worked in the court of Al-Mutamid for whom he created a royal garden.[1][2][3]

Ibn Bassal's works were studied several centuries later by Abu Jafar Ahmad Ibn Luyūn al-Tujjbi (d.1349) of Almeria who based his treatise Kitāb Ibdā' al-malāha wa-inhā' al-rajāha fī usūl sinā'at al-filāha on Bassal's work.[4]


  1. ^ "Muslim Scholares > The Scholars of Seville – Artists, Architecture and Government". MuslimHeritage.com. 2005-08-15. Retrieved 2010-06-11. 
  2. ^ "Farming Manuals". MuslimHeritage.com. 2005-08-15. Retrieved 2010-06-19. 
  3. ^ John H. Harvey, "Gardening Books and Plant Lists of Moorish Spain", Garden History, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Spring, 1975), pp. 10-21
  4. ^ http://muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?ArticleID=1178 "Agriculture in Muslim civilisation : A Green Revolution in Pre-Modern Times "], MuslimHeritage.com

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