|Birth name||Igor Vladimirovich Ilyinsky|
|Born||24 July 1901|
Moscow, Russian Empire (present-day Moscow, Russia)
|Died||13 January 1987 (aged 85)|
Moscow, Soviet Union (present-day Moscow, Russia)
|Resting place||Novodevichy Cemetery, Moscow|
|Genres||Slapstick, mime, comedy|
|Spouse||Tatiana Ilyinskaya (c. 1920-1945; her death)|
Tatyana Yeremeeva (1951-1987; his death)
Igor Vladimirovich Ilyinsky (Russian: И́горь Влади́мирович Ильи́нский; 24 July 1901 – 13 January 1987) was a famous Soviet and Russian film and stage actor, director and comedian. Hero of Socialist Labour (1974) and People's Artist of the USSR (1949).
Igor Ilyinsky was born on 24 July 1901 in Moscow. At age 16 he entered the Theatre Studio of Theodore Komisarjevsky and in half a year already debuted on the professional stage in Komissarjevsky Theatre. His first theatre role was that of the "Old Man" in Aristophanes' play Lysistrata. In 1920, he joined the Vsevolod Meyerhold Theatre. The young actor's style was in correspondence with the principles of Meyerhold, and so Ilyinsky soon became the central actor of that theatre.
Career in silent cinema
In the mid-1920s Ilyinsky started to appear in movies, where he also played vivid comic characters. In 1924, Yakov Protazanov featured him in his famous futuristic film Aelita, which was followed by his role in Protazanov's comedy The Tailor from Torzhok (1925). In 1926, he appeared in three films.
“I can act on the roof of a train carriage, on the radiator of a moving car, on back of a galloping horse, or while swimming in the sea”.
In 1938 he joined the Maly Theatre that had been his favourite one since school years. Afterwards Ilyinsky stayed in the Maly Theatre for almost fifty years and even staged several plays there himself. Ilyinsky would later write that it was Russian classic literature that had helped him overcome the crisis and feeling that he had been unable to create new characters, different from the previous ones. An outstandingly prolific period in the actor’s life was related to his work with the famous film director Grigori Aleksandrov. In 1938 Ilyinsky splendidly acted as Byvalov in the comedy Volga-Volga (for this role, he was awarded Stalin Prize in 1941). He deliberately avoided any comic traits in his character to create a common image of a red-tapist.
The starting point for him was the gracious and stirring character of Lyubov Orlova. He decided to create a totally contrasting character, which he succeeded in. That role brought Ilyinsky the State Prize. Stalin reportedly watched the film sixteen times. At Molotov's birthday party Stalin flung Ilyinsky a remark: “Ah, Byvalov! You are a bureaucrat and I am a bureaucrat. We shall understand each other”. The success of that movie determined the development of Soviet film comedy for the next several decades. However, after the film Ilyinsky almost stopped his film acting. In the mid-1950s Ilyinsky finally got a chance to act in a movie. It was a light comedy, A Crazy Day. The character created by Ilyinsky was a repetition of what he had done 20 years earlier. He managed to play a truly starry film role only 18 years after Volga-Volga. It was the role of the bureaucrat Ogurtsov in the smash-hit comedy The Carnival Night, directed by Eldar Ryazanov.
“I was not going to feature the great Igor Ilyinsky in The Carnival Night - I felt timid, and understood that being a coryphaeus he would suppress me. When Pyriev offered him for the role of Ogurtsov, I just panicked: he was my idol from childhood, the famous actor of the Meyerhold Theatre! And me, directing my first film, on the other scale!” (Eldar Ryazanov)
In Maly Theatre at the same time Ilyinsky shifted to portrayals of deeply tragic characters, in particular, from Fyodor Dostoyevsky and Leo Tolstoy. In the late 1960s Ilyinsky went into stage directing. His first stage production was the stage version of Gustave Flaubert's popular novel Madame Bovary. The last period of Ilyinsky’s career was marked by his portrayal of Leo Tolstoy in the play Turning Full Circle and of Firs, and his performance in The Cherry Orchard by Anton Chekhov. As a very old person Igor Ilyinsky acted a lot on the radio – almost blind, he was accompanied to the studio.
- A minor planet 3622 Ilinsky, discovered by Soviet astronomer Lyudmila Zhuravlyova in 1981 is named after Igor Ilyinsky.
- 1976: "This Is the House That Jack Built" (short) as Narrator (voice)
- 1974: Yunga severnogo flota
- 1973: Eti raznye, raznye litsa
- 1969: Staryy znakomyy
- 1962: Dinner Time
- 1962: Hussar Ballad as Mikhail Kutuzov
- 1956: Crazy Day (Безумный день) as Zajtsev
- 1956: The Carnival Night as Serafim Ivanovich Ogurtsov
- 1953: "Zvanyy uzhin" (short)
- 1952: Woe from Wit as Anton Antonovich Zagoretski
- 1952: Na vsyakogo mudretsa dovolno prostoty as Krutitsky
- 1952: Wolves and Sheep as Appolon Murzavetsky
- 1938: Volga-Volga as Byvalov
- 1936: Odnazhdy letom as Teleskop/professor Sen-Verbuda
- 1931: Shakhta 12-28 as The Angel
- 1930: St. Jorgen's Day as Franz Schulz
- 1928: Kukla s millionami as Pierre Cuisinai
- 1927: A Kiss From Mary Pickford as Goga
- 1926: Miss Mend as Tom Hopkins, clerk
- 1926: The Three Million Trial as Tapioka
- 1925: The Tailor from Torzhok as Petya Petelkin
- 1924: Papirosnitsa ot Mosselproma as Nikodim Mityushin, bookkeeper
- 1924: Aelita as Kravtsov, amateur sleuth
Honours and awards
- Hero of Socialist Labour (1974)
- Three Orders of Lenin (1967, 1971, 1974)
- Order of the October Revolution (1986)
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour, three times (1939, 1949 and 1961)
- Order of Friendship of Peoples (1981)
- People's Artist of the USSR (1949)
- Lenin Prize (1980)
- Stalin Prize, 1st class, three times
- for his role as Byvalov in the 1938 film "Volga-Volga" (1941)
- for his role of garlic in the play "In the steppes of Ukraine" AE Korneichuk (1942)
- for his role in the play "Unforgettable 1919" by V. Vishnevskyand (1951)
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