Igor Volk

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Igor Petrovich Volk
Igor Volk 2.jpg
Igor Volk, 2.10.2008
Nationality Soviet
Born (1937-04-12) 12 April 1937 (age 79)
Zmiiv, Kharkiv Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, USSR
Other occupation
Rank Colonel, Russian Air Force
Time in space
11d 19h 14min
Selection Air Force Group 5
Missions Soyuz T-12
OK-GLI-Testpilot, Cosmonaut Igor Volk, Astronaut Thomas Reiter, US-Astronaut Charlie Duke

Igor Petrovich Volk (Russian: Игорь Петрович Волк; born April 12, 1937 in Zmiiv, Kharkiv Oblast, USSR) is a retired cosmonaut and test pilot in the Soviet Union. He is married and has two children.

Military and test pilot[edit]

Igor Volk become a bomber pilot in the Soviet Air Force before joining the Moscow Aviation Institute in 1962. During this time, he became a test pilot for the Mikoyan Aircraft Design Bureau, piloting the Soviet version of the American X-20 aircraft. He has over 7000 flight hours logged in over 80 different aircraft.[1]

Space program[edit]

Igor Volk was selected as a cosmonaut on July 30, 1980, flew as Research Cosmonaut on Soyuz T-12, the 7th expedition to Salyut 7. One goal of the mission was to test the effects of long-duration spaceflight on Volk's return flight piloting as a precursor to piloting the Space Shuttle Buran.[1] He served as the head of the cosmonauts training for the Buran program and since the project's cancellation, as a Flight Tests Deputy at the Gromov Flight Research Institute in 1995 before retiring in 1996. He has previously served as President of the National Aero Club of Russia and Vice President of the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale. As recognition for his contributions as a test pilot and cosmonaut he was awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union on July 29, 1984.

Other accomplishments[edit]

Volk is also an inventor and is planning a new four-person concept flying car called the Lark-4 which takes off and lands at 45 km/h (28 mph) using a 27-meter (89 feet) runway.[citation needed] It consumes 11 litres (3 gallons) of fuel for every 100 km (62 mi) traveled and cruises at around 637 km/h (396 mph).[citation needed]

He was the first to perform the high angle pitch control maneuver on the Su-27 prototype known as the cobra maneuver, now known as Pugachev's Cobra after the pilot who first performed it publicly.[citation needed]

Honours and awards[edit]


  1. ^ a b Hall, Rex; Shayler, Davide; Vis, Bert (2005). Russia's Cosmonauts: Inside the Yuri Gagarin Training Center. Chichester, UK: Praxis Publishing. pp. 335–6. ISBN 0-387-21894-7. 

External links[edit]