Il Giornale d'Italia
Il Giornale d'Italia was a prestigious and innovative daily newspaper founded in Rome in 1901 and closed in 1976. The magazine with the same name, an organ of the political movement Pensionati uomini vivi, is an unrelated publication.
The newspaper was born from an idea of Sidney Sonnino and Antonio Salandra, two political exponents of the liberal Historical Right, and in particular representatives of the component of Conservative liberalism. The two founders chose together the name of the newspaper and its editor; after consulting with Luigi Albertini, director of the Corriere della Sera, the choice fell on Alberto Bergamini, who had demonstrated strong organizational skills.
In 1901 the editor Alberto Bergamini created the "la Terza Pagina" ("Third Page"), featuring essays in literature, philosophy, criticism, the arts, and politics by eminent intellectuals, including Alessandro D'Ancona, Giuseppe Chiarini, Domenico Gnoli, Raffaele De Cesare, Antonio Fogazzaro, Luigi Capuana, Luigi Pirandello, Cesare De Lollis, Attilio Momigliano, Salvatore Di Giacomo, Alfredo Panzini, Pasquale Villari and Benedetto Croce.
The upscale press quickly followed suit with their own versions. The death of founder Sydney Sonnino in 1922 and a violent Black shirt attack on Bergamini that forced him to resign in 1923, had a devastating impact. The newspaper never recovered its prestige.
Folco Testena served as the editor-in-chief of Il Giornale d'Italia in the 1930s. Until his editorship the paper was a patriotic and monarchist publication. Then it became a supporter of the fascist regime in Italy. The paper had its headquarters in Rome.
- Official site of Senato della Repubblica Italiana
- Frank J. Coppa, ed., Dictionary of Modern Italian History (1995), pp 43, 184-85, 409
- David Aliano (2008). Identity in Transatlantic Play: Il Duce's National Project in Argentina. ProQuest. p. 198. ISBN 978-0-549-58498-8.
- Christina Vella (20 January 2006). Indecent Secrets: The Infamous Murri Murder Affair. Simon and Schuster. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-7432-8243-7.
Felice Borsato, "Terza pagina: cento anni di giornalismo d'autore", in L'Opinione, January, 2002