Illarion Ivanovich Vorontsov-Dashkov

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Illarion Ivanovich Vorontsov-Dashkov
Illarion.jpg
Count Illarion Vorontsov-Dashkov
Born (1837-05-27)27 May 1837
Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Died 15 January 1916(1916-01-15) (aged 78)
Alupka, Russian Empire
Allegiance  Russian Empire
Service/branch Imperial Russian Army
Years of service 1856–1916
Rank General of the Cavalry
Commands held Russian Caucasus Army
Battles/wars Caucasian War
Russo-Turkish War
Revolution of 1905
World War I
Awards see below

Count Illarion Ivanovich Vorontsov-Dashkov (27 May 1837 – 15 January 1916) was a notable representative of the Vorontsov family. He served as Minister of Imperial Properties in 1881-97 and the Governor General of the Caucasus Viceroyalty (1801–1917) in 1905-15.

Career[edit]

Illarion Vorontsov was born on 27 May 1837 in St. Petersburg. He took part in the conquest of Central Asia in the 1860s and was appointed Major General in 1866. He was in charge of the Hussar regiment of the Leub Guard in 1867-74. He was on friendly terms with the future Alexander III of Russia and, following his father's assassination, established a counter-revolutionary squad, or "holy druzhina", whose members included Konstantin Pobedonostsev, Nicholas Pavlovich Ignatiev, and Mikhail Katkov.

Alexander III put Vorontsov-Dashkov in charge of the imperial court and made him Full General of Cavalry. He also was made responsible for imperial stud farms and vineyards. Following Nicholas II's coronation, he was dislodged from the office of Minister of Imperial Properties but was appointed to the State Council of Imperial Russia instead. The Russian Revolution of 1905 recalled Vorontsov to active service, and he ascended to the helm of the Viceroyalty of the Caucasus.[1]

His job drove him close to a mental breakdown. On 21 November 1905 twenty-five Azeris were shot by Armenians in Tiflis. Illarion was so desperate he gave 500 guns to the Mensheviks to keep the peace.[2]

He was officially in charge of the victorious Russian forces in the Battle of Sarikamish during the early months of World War I, although the effective command lay with General Alexander Myshlayevsky. In September 1915 he was removed from command and replaced with Grand Duke Nicholas.[3] He died on 15 January 1916 in his Vorontsov Palace.

Family[edit]

He married in 1867 Countess Elizaveta Andreevna Shuvalova, daughter of Count Andrej Petrovich Shuvalov. His youngest son Alexander's descendents represent the only continuation of the Vorontsov family in the male line.

Awards and honours[edit]

Vorontsov-Dashkov's villa in Pargolovo near St. Petersburg

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ W.E.D. Allen and Paul Muratoff, Caucasian Battlefields, A History of Wars on the Turco-Caucasian Border, 1828-1921, 242
  2. ^ Simon Sebag Montefiore, Young Stalin, page 122.
  3. ^ W.E.D. Allen and Paul Muratoff, Caucasian Battlefields, A History of Wars on the Turco-Caucasian Border, 1828-1921, 322

External links[edit]