Inchyra shown within Perth and Kinross
|OS grid reference|
|– Edinburgh||47 miles|
|– London||364 miles|
|Council area||Perth and Kinross|
|Lieutenancy area||Perth and Kinross|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|UK Parliament||Perth and North Perthshire|
|Scottish Parliament||North Tayside|
|North East Scotland|
Inchyra (//; Scottish Gaelic: An Innis Iarach "the west isle") is a hamlet in the Carse of Gowrie in Scotland. It lies on the northern bank of the River Tay near Perth and is notable particularly for a number of archaeological finds made in the immediate vicinity. Like other Carse villages it had a large apple orchard, but this was taken away and several varieties of apple bred in Inchyra were lost.
Inchyra lies on the northern bank of the River Tay to the south of the A90. It is approximately 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) east of Perth and 20 kilometres (12 mi) west-south-west of Dundee. It is situated close to St Madoes. It is the only L-shaped village in Scotland. It is surrounded by farmland. The land around it is clay.
In common with a number of villages in the Carse of Gowrie, Inchyra has the Celtic placename element innis meaning "island". Carses such as the Carse of Gowrie are estuarine landforms that have been uplifted by isostatic rebound following the last glacial period. It is likely that Inchyra was an island in the firth of Tay at the time of its settlement.
In 1945 a class I Pictish stone was unearthed during ploughing in a field at Inchyra. The stone is inscribed with a variety of Pictish symbols, including a double disc, mirror and comb, two fish and a serpent as well as an Ogham inscription. It is now on display at Perth Museum.
In June 1993, a small hoard of eight Roman Denarii coins were discovered at Inchyra, subsequently being declared as treasure trove and placed in Perth Museum. A Roman brooch with blue enamel inlay has also been found in river silt at Inchyra, again now displayed at Perth Museum.
A house by a backwater of the Tay estuary
- "Perth & Alloa", Ordnance Survey Landranger Map (B2 ed.), 2007, ISBN 0-319-22997-1
- Taylor, Isaac (1864), Words and Places: or etymological illustrations of history ethnology and geography, London: Macmillan and co, p. 373
- Ballantyne, Colin K.; Dawson, Alastair G. (1997), "Geomorphology and landscape change", in Edwards, Kevin J.; Ralston, Ian B.M., Scotland after the Ice Age. Environment, Archaeology and History 8000 BC - AD 1000, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pp. 23–45, retrieved April 11, 2011
- Fraser, Iain (2008), The Pictish Symbol Stones of Scotland, Edinburgh: Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historic Monuments of Scotland
- Stevenson, Robert B.K. (1958–59), "The Inchyra Stone and Some Other Unpublished Early Christian Monuments" (PDF), Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 92: 33–55, retrieved April 10, 2011
- "Inchyra (St Madoes parish) Roman coin hoard" (PDF), Discovery and Excavation in Scotland: 90, 1994, retrieved April 10, 2011
- "Inchyra (St Madoes parish) Romano British trumpet brooch" (PDF), Discovery and Excavation in Scotland: 77, 1992, retrieved April 11, 2011