Muthill

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Muthill
Muthill.jpg
Muthill is located in Perth and Kinross
Muthill
Muthill
Muthill shown within Perth and Kinross
Population 675 
OS grid reference NN867168
Council area
Lieutenancy area
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CRIEFF
Postcode district PH5
Dialling code 01764
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°19′48″N 3°50′02″W / 56.32998°N 3.83395°W / 56.32998; -3.83395Coordinates: 56°19′48″N 3°50′02″W / 56.32998°N 3.83395°W / 56.32998; -3.83395
Muthill Parish Church

Muthill, pronounced [ˈmjuːθɪl], is a village in Perth and Kinross, Perthshire, Scotland. It lies just west of the former railway line connecting Gleneagles and Crieff, 3 miles south of Crieff. The line closed between the two points on 6/7/1964. The name possibly derives from Moot hill, a place of judgement.[1]

The ancient village was once an important religious centre and the site of a Celí Dé monastery. The church here also served for a time as a seat of the Bishops of Strathearn (later Dunblane) before the building of the cathedral at Dunblane in the 13th century.

Ruined medieval Church at Muthill

The village was largely destroyed in the 1715 – 1716 Jacobite rising, by Jacobite troops retiring after their defeat at the Battle of Sheriffmuir, being rebuilt in the 1740s as it lay on the route of General Wade's military road through Strathearn.

Buildings[edit]

One of a pair of massive brass armlets found at Pitkelloney Farm near Muthill and dating from 50-200 AD (British Museum)[2]
St James Episcopal Church, Muthill

There are over a hundred listed buildings in the village. The kirkyard at the centre of the small town contains the ruins of an important 15th-century parish church, which incorporates an 11th-century bell-tower (originally free-standing, and comparable to, though on a smaller scale than, that incorporated into Dunblane Cathedral), built on the orders of Michael Ochiltree, Bishop of Dunblane (in the care of Historic Scotland; no entrance charge). This is almost the only visible reminder of the ancient village. An early Christian cross-slab (perhaps 10th-11th century) and a damaged 13th-century double effigy of an Earl and Countess of Strathearn (formerly within the choir of the church) are preserved within the tower.

St James Episcopal Church dates from 1836 and is designed by R & R Dickson.[3]

Muthill Parish church dates from 1826 and is by James Gillespie Graham.[4]

Muthill has a Primary School but there is no secondary school.

Trivia[edit]

In 2011, Muthill embarked upon a Community Action Plan exercise to explore how people envisaged the development of the village.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Knight, James. Glasgow and Strathclyde. London : Thomas Nelson & Sons. p. 87.
  2. ^ British Museum Highlights
  3. ^ https://www.scotlandschurchestrust.org.uk/church/st-jamess-church-muthill
  4. ^ https://www.scotlandschurchestrust.org.uk/church/muthill-parish-church
  5. ^ Duke, Lynn (18 March 2011), "Muthill looks forward to new action plan", Strathearn Herald, retrieved 16 August 2011 

External links[edit]