Location of Independence, Wisconsin
|• Total||1.31 sq mi (3.39 km2)|
|• Land||1.27 sq mi (3.29 km2)|
|• Water||0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)|
|Elevation||781 ft (238 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||1,345|
|• Density||1,052.0/sq mi (406.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Area code(s)||715 & 534|
|GNIS feature ID||1583429|
Unless otherwise noted, the history below is taken from Gamroth (1976).
Independence is in the Town of Burnside, which corresponds with one of the townships created under the Land Ordinance of 1785. Shortly after the naming of Burnside in 1863, settlers from Europe and the Eastern United States began arriving in significant numbers.
The city of Independence owes its existence to a railroad and a man named David M. Kelly as well as Mitchell J. Warner. Running almost parallel to the Trempealeau River is the Green Bay and Western Railroad, which is part of a line originally intended to run from Green Bay, Wisconsin to Wabasha, Minnesota. Kelly was an enthusiastic promoter of building a depot for the new line in Burnside.
After much disagreement and dispute over its location, Green Bay and Lake Pepin (as the company was then known) agreed to build a depot if $5,000 could be raised by the residents to finance construction. The money was raised, and Kelly bought the land for the depot in 1876. He founded a village on the land and named it Independence in honor of the nation’s centennial of independence. The village was incorporated in 1885 and became a city in 1942.
Independence has outlived the depot that was once at its heart. The line began at Green Bay but eventually reached Winona, Minnesota instead of Wabasha. Passenger service was never very profitable. Under the inexorable pressure of the automobile, passenger service ended in 1949, but freight trains still use the line today.
Independence is located at (44.358425, -91.422217).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.31 square miles (3.39 km2), of which, 1.27 square miles (3.29 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water. It is within the Driftless Zone of the Midwest.
Just upstream from the intersection between Elk Creek and the Trempealeau is the dam impounding Bugle Lake. The present dam was built in 1935 as part of the Works Progress Administration. It replaced an earlier dam that had been built by a resident named W.S. Newton (Gamroth 1976, p. 35). It later broke and flooded all of Arcadia, Wisconsin in 2011. Bugle Lake has peaceful canoeing, and a small park covers the island in the lake.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,336 people, 606 households, and 352 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,052.0 inhabitants per square mile (406.2/km2). There were 676 housing units at an average density of 532.3 per square mile (205.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.6% White, 0.1% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 9.9% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.9% of the population.
There were 606 households of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.8% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 8.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.9% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.74.
The median age in the city was 37.7 years. 22.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.6% were from 25 to 44; 25% were from 45 to 64; and 16.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.9% male and 48.1% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,244 people, 581 households, and 317 families residing in the city. The population density was 978.8 people per square mile (378.2/km²). There were 619 housing units at an average density of 487.0 per square mile (188.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.47% White, 0.16% African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.88% from other races, and 0.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.61% of the population.
There were 581 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.2% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.4% were non-families. 38.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the city the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 22.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 101.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $27,389, and the median income for a family was $41,691. Males had a median income of $26,389 versus $21,065 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,977. About 6.2% of families and 9.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.2% of those under age 18 and 18.5% of those age 65 or over.
- Grover L. Broadfoot, chief justice of the Wisconsin Supreme Court
- Leo Ferdinand Dworschak, Roman Catholic Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Fargo
- George H. Markham, Wisconsin State Assemblyman
- William H. Markham, Wisconsin State Senator
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-24.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- 'Wisconsin Blue Book,' Biographical Sketch of Grover Broadfoot, pg. 7
- Leo Ferdinand Dworschak
- 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1879,' Biographical Sketch of George H. Markham, pg. 505
- William H. Markham Papers, 1933-1948
- Gamroth, Clarence J. (Ed.) (1976). Historical Album, 100 Years, Independence, Wisc. Independence, WI: City of Independence.