International Romani Union
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Romano Internacionalno Jekhetanipe
International Romani Union
Anthem: Gelem, Gelem
• Vice Presidents
|Ajten Berlafa, Stefano Kuzhicov|
• Vice President for Education
|Punita G Singh|
• Vice President for Finances
|Dr. Vijendra Sharma|
• Head of Parliament
• Vice Presidents of the Parliament
|Grazziano Halilovic, Radmila Nesic|
• Vice President of the IRU for the Russia, Australia, USA, Asia
|Artur Kvik, Nijazi Taip, Anatoly Butakov, Veerandra Rishi|
• General Secretary
• High Commissioner - IRU Youth - Roma Ombudsman
|Khurram Khan - Tashya Mathuin - Nina Rusokova|
The International Romani Union (Romani: Romano Internacionalno Jekhetanipe) is an organization active for the rights of the Romani people. Its seat is in Vienna. The International Romani Union also has offices in Skopje, Macedonia, and Washington DC USA.
The IRU was established at the second World Romani Congress in 1978. Its presidents have included Stanislav Stankiewicz, Emil Ščuka, and before him, Rajko Đurić, who held this office for many years. The current President of the IRU is Mr. Zoran Dimov, who was elected during the 10th Congress which was held on 18-20 March 2016 in Skopje, Macedonia. Was attended by 100 delegates and members of the IRU from 40 countries, Zoran Dimov was elected to be the President of the IRU. After that, a new leadership of the IRU Parliament chaired by the past head of Parliament Stevo Balogh from Austria was elected.
The IRU has a CONSULTATIVE ECOSOC Status within the UN.
- Czech Republic
- United Kingdom
- United States of America
The IRU consists of four bodies: Congress, Parliament, Presidium, and Court of Justice.
The "Congress" of the IRU includes delegates from all over the world, in proportion to the total Romani population in that country. Delegates can propose individual recommendations for the IRU, and together, they may choose whether to accept the IRU program.
Unlike the Congress, the "Parliament" of the IRU is made up of a single representative (and one substitute) from each member country. Parliament accepts reports on the situation of Romani peoples around the world and decides the domestic and international policies of the IRU. Delegates must also approve each year's budget. The "Presidium" serves as the IRU's executive and conducts work through sub-commissions on "foreign policy, social and economic affairs, cultural and educational affairs, human rights, internal affairs, financial and budgetary matters, legal and legislative matters, issues relating to Central and Eastern Europe, and issues relating to America, Asia, and Australia. It may request studies and reports on a variety of topics, and make formal recommendations to other IRU bodies, or to individual countries or organizations.
Members of the "Court of Justice" are independent judges, elected for their personal integrity, regardless of their membership in the IRU. The Court is tasked with observing all bodies of the IRU and ensuring their observance of the organization's rules and regulations. <ref>https://iromaniunion.org/
In 1959, Ionel Rotaru founded The World Gypsy Community (CMG) in France. While members were mostly French, the organization made contacts in Poland, Canada, Turkey, and other countries. When the French government dissolved the CMG in 1965, a breakaway group formed the International Gypsy Committee (IGC) under the leadership of Vanko Rouda. When the 1971 World Romani Congress adopted the self-appellation of "Roma" rather than gypsy, the IGC was renamed the Komiteto Lumniako Romano (International Rom Committee or IRC), and Rouda was re-confirmed as president. The Committee became a member of the Council of Europe the following year. The Committee has changed again at the 1978 World Romani Congress and given its present name. It was given consultative status at the United Nations Economic and Social Council the following year. The Union became a registered NGO with UNICEF in 1986. In 1993, it was promoted to Category II, Special Consultative Status at the United Nations.
The main source of income is the membership fees of the individual members, and member organizations.
The IRU has institutional links with: - the Council of Europe. - OSCE (ODHIR). - UNHCHR. - UNO - ERTF. The IRU has a memorandum of understanding with many other countries with a view to the "continuous improvement of the situation and living conditions of the Roma.
- ZD Barany (1994). "Living on the Edge: The East European Roma in Postcommunist Politics and Societies". Slavic Review. www.jstor.org
- Ilona Klímová-Alexander (2005). The Romani Voice In World Politics: The United Nations and Non-state actors. Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 0-7546-4173-2.
- Marushiakova, Elena and Vesselin Popov (2005). The Roma – a Nation without a State? Historical Background and Contemporary Tendencies. In: Burszta, Wojciech, Tomasz Kamusella and Sebastian Wojciechowski, eds. Nationalismus Across the Globe: An Overview of the Nationalism of State-endowed and Stateless Nations. Poznan: School of Humanities and Journalism, pp. 433–455.
- Timeline of Romani History - Patrin
- [PDF] Micmacs and Gypsies: Occupation of the Peripatetic Niche | Semantic Scholar
- Parsis Relations to roma Parsis of India /Zoroastrians