Ionic liquid piston compressor
An ionic liquid piston compressor, ionic compressor or ionic liquid piston pump is a hydrogen compressor based on an ionic liquid piston instead of a metal piston as in a piston-metal diaphragm compressor.
The ionic compressor exploits some gases' insolubility in ionic liquids - the virtually non-measurable vapor pressures in combination with a large temperature window for the liquid phase. The solubility of hydrogen in ionic liquids is very low. This insolubility is exploited by using a body of ionic liquid to compress hydrogen up to 450 bar in hydrogen filling stations; and in so doing they reduced the number of moving parts from about 500 in a conventional reciprocating compressor down to 8.
Many seals and bearings were removed in the design as the ionic liquid does not mix with the gas. Service life is about 10 times longer than a regular reciprocating compressor with reduced maintenance during use, energy costs are reduced by as much as 20%. The heat exchangers that are used in a normal piston compressor are removed as the heat is removed in the cylinder itself where it is generated. Almost 100% of the energy going into the process is being used with little energy wasted as reject heat.
After the renewed interest in ionic liquids, research was done by proionic, an enterprise in the spin-off center "ZAT Center for applied Technology" of the University of Leoben. The system was demonstrated at Zemships.
- Electrochemical hydrogen compressor
- Guided rotor compressor
- Hydride compressor
- Linear compressor
- Timeline of hydrogen technologies
- New developments in pumps and compressors using Ionic Liquids
- Zemships - Ionic liquid compression
- Ionic liquid compressor
- Linde Develops Ionic Compressor for More Efficient Compressed Hydrogen Storage
- University of Leoben: Spin-off creates innovation for compression of gas
- Mobility under high pressure Pag-38
- Construction and design of hydrogen filling stations