Iranian legislative election, 1960

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Iranian legislative election, 1960
State Flag of Iran (1933-1964).svg
← 1956 30 July[1] to 20 August 1960[2] 1961 →

All 200 seats to the National Consultative Assembly
  Majority party Minority party
  Manouchehr Eghbal.jpg Assadollah Alam.jpg
Leader Manouchehr Eghbal Asadollah Alam
Party Party of Nationalists People's Party
Seats won 104[3] 25[3]

  Third party Fourth party
  MoBaghai.jpg Allah-Yar Saleh.jpg
Leader Mozzafar Baghai[3] Allahyar Saleh[3]
Party Toilers Party Iran Party
Nation Party
League of Socialists
Alliance National Front
Seats won 0 0

Prime Minister before election

Manouchehr Eghbal
Party of Nationalists

Elected Prime Minister

Jafar Sharif-Emami
Independent

Parliamentary elections were held in Iran between 30 July and 20 August 1960.

In order to demonstrate the appearance of a democratic free election, the Shah allowed candidates from the popular National Front to compete,[4] however it returned no seats for them.[5]

The announced result was a massive victory for the Prime Minister Eghbal's Party of Nationalists. The elections "were extensively and clumsily rigged" and the fraud "was exposed in the press, provoked public rancor and restlessness".[1]

Aside from the opposition figures, pseudo-opposition People's Party and a number of independents led by Ali Amini denounced the elections.[3] The results were annulled by the Shah, and fresh elections were held the following year.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Azimi, Fakhreddin (December 13, 2011) [December 15, 1998]. "ELECTIONS i. UNDER THE QAJAR AND PAHLAVI MONARCHIES, 1906-79". In Yarshater, Ehsan. Encyclopædia Iranica. 4. VIII. New York City: Bibliotheca Persica Press. pp. 345–355. Retrieved March 15, 2016. 
  2. ^ Nohlen, Dieter; Grotz, Florian; Hartmann, Christof (2001). "Iran". Elections in Asia: A Data Handbook. I. p. 68. ISBN 0-19-924958-X. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Houchang E. Chehabi (1990). Iranian Politics and Religious Modernism: The Liberation Movement of Iran Under the Shah and Khomeini. I.B.Tauris. pp. 144–146. ISBN 1850431981. 
  4. ^ Kristen Blake (2009). The U.S.-Soviet Confrontation in Iran, 1945-1962: A Case in the Annals of the Cold War. University Press of America. p. 143. ISBN 0761844929. 
  5. ^ Donald Newton Wilber (2014). Iran, Past and Present: From Monarchy to Islamic Republic. Princeton University Press. p. 233. ISBN 1400857473.