Elections in Iran

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Iran elects on national level a head of state and the head of government (the president), a legislature (the Majlis), and an "Assembly of Experts" (which elects the Supreme Leader). City and Village Council elections are also held every four years throughout the entire country. The president is elected for a four-year term by the citizens. The Parliament or Islamic Consultative Assembly (Majlis-e Shura-ye Eslami) currently has 290 members, also elected for a four-year term in multi- and single-seat constituencies. Elections for the Assembly of Experts are held every eight years. All candidates have to be approved by the Guardian Council. See Politics of Iran for more details.

Until January 2007, when it was raised to 18, the voting age was 15 years, the lowest globally at the time.[1]

The most recent Iranian presidential election was held on 18 June 2021 and the most recent legislative election on 21 February 2020. Presidential and local elections were held on 19 May 2017 simultaneously. Previous parliamentary elections and Assembly of Experts elections were held on 26 February 2016.

Iran was ranked 18th least electoral democratic country in Asia according to V-Dem Democracy indices in 2023 with a score of 0.182 out of 1.[2][3]

Elections since 1979[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Majlis elections[edit]

Latest elections[edit]

2021 Presidential election[edit]

Ebrahim RaisiCombatant Clergy Association17,926,34572.38
Mohsen RezaeeResistance Front of Islamic Iran3,412,71213.78
Abdolnaser HemmatiExecutives of Construction Party2,427,2019.80
Amir-Hossein Ghazizadeh HashemiIslamic Law Party999,7184.04
Valid votes24,765,97685.60
Invalid/blank votes4,167,02814.40
Total votes28,933,004100.00
Registered voters/turnout59,310,30748.78
Source: Iran International

2021 Local election[edit]

2016 Assembly of Experts election[edit]

2020 Parliamentary election[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ O'Toole, Pam (12 March 2008). "Iran's first-time voters split". BBC News. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
  2. ^ V-Dem Institute (2023). "The V-Dem Dataset". Retrieved 14 October 2023.
  3. ^ Democracy Report 2023, Table 3, V-Dem Institute, 2023

External links[edit]

Election Data Archives