Iron City, Tennessee

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Iron City, Tennessee
Census-designated place
South Lawrence Head Start in Iron City
South Lawrence Head Start in Iron City
Location of Iron City, Tennessee
Location of Iron City, Tennessee
Coordinates: 35°1′32″N 87°35′1″W / 35.02556°N 87.58361°W / 35.02556; -87.58361Coordinates: 35°1′32″N 87°35′1″W / 35.02556°N 87.58361°W / 35.02556; -87.58361
Country United States
State Tennessee
Counties Lawrence, Wayne
Area
 • Total 0.9 sq mi (2.4 km2)
 • Land 0.9 sq mi (2.4 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 564 ft (172 m)
Population (2013)
 • Total 180
 • Density 401.4/sq mi (155.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 38463
Area code(s) 931
FIPS code 47-37360[1]
GNIS feature ID 1289045[2]

Iron City is a census-designated place (CDP) in Lawrence and Wayne counties, Tennessee. The population was 328 at the 2010 census when it was a city, and estimated at 180 in 2013 as a CDP.

Iron City was incorporated as a city from 1887 to 1901, and again from 1962 until 2010, its residents voting to disincorporate in the latter year.[3][4]

History[edit]

Iron City gets its name from an iron foundry that operated in its vicinity in the late 19th century. While iron ore was mined in southwestern Lawrence County as early as the 1830s, the industry really began to thrive in 1886, when a branch railroad line to the area was completed. Iron City incorporated the following year.[4] At its height, Iron City supported a population of about 1,000, and included two hotels and two banks.[5]

In 2008, the award-winning documentary film, Iron City Blues was released.[6] Iron City Blues follows biker/bluesman Big Mike Griffin as he travels to Iron City in order to write a song about the town's unique history.

Geography[edit]

Iron City is located at 35°1′32″N 87°35′1″W / 35.02556°N 87.58361°W / 35.02556; -87.58361 (35.025686, -87.583704).[7] The community is situated in the Shoal Creek Valley, just north of the Tennessee-Alabama state line. Iron City is surrounded by rugged hills on the north, south, and west, and the by the creek on the east.

State Route 227 passes east-to-west through Iron City, connecting it to St. Joseph across the hills to the east and State Route 13 south of Collinwood to the west. State Route 242, which intersects SR 227 in Iron City, connects the community with Westpoint and Lawrenceburg to the northeast. Poplar Street/Pruitton Road connects Iron City with Lauderdale County, Alabama, to the south, becoming County Road 61 at the state line.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.4 km²), all land.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 368 people, 151 households, and 107 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 401.4 people per square mile (154.4/km²). There were 159 housing units at an average density of 173.5 per square mile (66.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.28% White, 2.17% African American, 0.27% from other races, and 0.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.09% of the population.

Houses in Iron City

There were 151 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 17.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.2 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $20,625, and the median income for a family was $28,889. Males had a median income of $20,729 versus $15,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,185. About 15.1% of families and 23.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.1% of those under age 18 and 22.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

As of August 1, 1987 the town no longer had police officers of its own. As of 2007 the county sheriff served Iron City.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Sandi Mashburn, "Iron City Is a City No More," Lawrence County (TN) Advocate, 30 May 2010. Accessed: 31 July 2015.
  4. ^ a b Larry Miller, Tennessee Place Names (Indiana University Press, 2001), 107.
  5. ^ a b Alligood, Leon (2007-05-20). "Film opens old wounds in Iron City". The Tennesseean at the Times Daily. p. 4B. Retrieved 2016-08-18. 
  6. ^ Iron City Blues, official site. Accessed 7 November 2016.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 

External links[edit]