Istres

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Istres
Subprefecture and commune
Historic center
Historic center
Coat of arms of Istres
Coat of arms
Istres is located in France
Istres
Istres
Location within Provence-A.-C.d'A. region
Istres is located in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Istres
Istres
Coordinates: 43°30′54″N 4°59′22″E / 43.51510°N 04.98950°E / 43.51510; 04.98950Coordinates: 43°30′54″N 4°59′22″E / 43.51510°N 04.98950°E / 43.51510; 04.98950
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Bouches-du-Rhône
Arrondissement Istres
Canton Istres
Intercommunality Aix-Marseille-Provence
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) François Bernardini
Area1 113.73 km2 (43.91 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 42,603
 • Density 370/km2 (970/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 13047 /13800
Elevation 0–120 m (0–394 ft)
(avg. 20 m or 66 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Istres (French pronunciation: ​[istʁ]) (Occitan: Istre) is a commune in southern France, some 60 km (38 mi) northwest of Marseille. It is in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, in the Bouches-du-Rhône department, of which it is a subprefecture. Its inhabitants are called Istréens and Istréennes.

Location[edit]

Istres Harbour

Istres is adjacent to the étang de Berre lagoon (the largest in Europe) and the étang de l'Olivier lagoon. It is located some 60 km (38 mi) north-west of Marseille, 20 km (13 mi) south-west of Salon-de-Provence, 10 km (6 mi) north of Martigues and 45 km (28 mi) south-east of Arles. Istres is also adjacent to the plaine de la Crau and the Camargue national park.

Sports[edit]

The city has numerous sports facilities and exactly 102 clubs. Each year a race is organized around the Etang de l'Olivier. Many runners participate. The town's main football club is FC Istres.

Facilities[edit]

Istres is the home of the Le Tubé Air Base (Istres-Le Tubé Air Base or BA 125). This air base was one of 3 utilized by NASA as a contingency landing site for the Space Shuttle in the case of a Transoceanic Abort Landing (TAL).[1] Istres shared this responsibility with Zaragoza, Spain and Moron, Spain.

Climate[edit]

Istres has a Mediterranean climate characterised by mild, humid winters and hot, dry summers. January and February are the coldest months, averaging temperatures of around 7 °C. July and August are the hottest months. The mean summer temperature is around 24 °C (75 °F) with an average maximum temperature around 32 °C. The amount of precipitation is around 566 mm (22 inches) per year. The Mistral, a cold and often violent wind, blows through the city mostly in winter and spring.

Climate data for Istres (1981–2010 averages, extremes 1920–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.0
(69.8)
23.3
(73.9)
26.0
(78.8)
29.8
(85.6)
34.5
(94.1)
40.2
(104.4)
39.5
(103.1)
39.8
(103.6)
34.9
(94.8)
30.9
(87.6)
25.2
(77.4)
20.3
(68.5)
40.2
(104.4)
Average high °C (°F) 11.2
(52.2)
12.4
(54.3)
15.6
(60.1)
18.3
(64.9)
22.5
(72.5)
27.1
(80.8)
30.2
(86.4)
29.8
(85.6)
25.4
(77.7)
20.6
(69.1)
14.8
(58.6)
11.6
(52.9)
20.0
(68)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.0
(44.6)
7.8
(46)
10.7
(51.3)
13.3
(55.9)
17.4
(63.3)
21.5
(70.7)
24.6
(76.3)
24.2
(75.6)
20.3
(68.5)
16.3
(61.3)
10.8
(51.4)
7.7
(45.9)
15.2
(59.4)
Average low °C (°F) 2.8
(37)
3.2
(37.8)
5.7
(42.3)
8.3
(46.9)
12.2
(54)
16.0
(60.8)
18.9
(66)
18.6
(65.5)
15.3
(59.5)
11.9
(53.4)
6.9
(44.4)
3.8
(38.8)
10.3
(50.5)
Record low °C (°F) −11.1
(12)
−13.6
(7.5)
−7.2
(19)
−1.4
(29.5)
3.1
(37.6)
6.7
(44.1)
9.0
(48.2)
9.6
(49.3)
5.1
(41.2)
−2.0
(28.4)
−4.9
(23.2)
−12.6
(9.3)
−13.6
(7.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 53.9
(2.122)
36.2
(1.425)
33.9
(1.335)
53.1
(2.091)
42.2
(1.661)
25.7
(1.012)
10.2
(0.402)
26.5
(1.043)
76.8
(3.024)
84.8
(3.339)
60.2
(2.37)
50.8
(2)
554.3
(21.823)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.2 4.3 4.2 5.9 4.7 3.3 1.4 2.6 4.3 6.1 6.1 5.5 53.5
Average snowy days 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.8 2.8
Average relative humidity (%) 74 71 67 65 65 63 59 62 69 73 73 75 68
Source #1: Meteo France[2]
Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days 1961–1990)[3]

Population[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "France to assist NASA with the future launches of the Space Shuttle". Retrieved 2009-09-27. 
  2. ^ "Istres (13)" (PDF). Fiche Climatologique: Statistiques 1981–2010 et records (in French). Meteo France. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2018. Retrieved 5 April 2018. 
  3. ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Istres - Le Tubé (13) - altitude 23m" (in French). Infoclimat. Archived from the original on 15 March 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2018. 

External links[edit]