Ixora

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ixora
Red ixora.jpg
Chinese ixora
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Ixoroideae
Tribe: Ixoreae
Genus: Ixora
L.
Type species
Ixora coccinea
Species

around 544, see text

Synonyms[1]

Ixora is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae.[1] It is the only genus in the tribe Ixoreae. It consists of tropical evergreen trees and shrubs and holds around 544 species.[2] Though native to the tropical and subtropical areas throughout the world, its centre of diversity is in Tropical Asia. Ixora also grows commonly in subtropical climates in the United States, such as Florida where it is commonly known as West Indian jasmine. Other common names include viruchi, kiskaara, kepale, rangan, kheme, ponna, chann tanea, techi, pan, siantan, jarum-jarum/jejarum, jungle flame, jungle geranium, and cruz de Malta, among others. The plants possess leathery leaves, ranging from 3 to 6 inches in length, and produce large clusters of tiny flowers in the summer. Members of Ixora prefer acidic soil, and are suitable choices for bonsai. It is also a popular choice for hedges in parts of South East Asia. In tropical climates they flower year round and are commonly used in Hindu worship, as well as in ayurveda and Indian folk medicine.

Selected species[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Ixora L., Sp. Pl.: 110 (1753)". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 2022. Retrieved 29 November 2022.
  2. ^ "Ixora L." World Flora Online. The World Flora Online Consortium. 2022. Retrieved 1 June 2022.

Vietnamese name of Ixora is cây trang thái