Leth at the 43rd Karlovy Vary International Film Festival
14 June 1937 |
Jørgen Leth (born 14 June 1937) is a Danish poet and film director who is considered a leading figure in experimental documentary film making. Most notable are his epic documentary A Sunday in Hell (1977) and his surrealistic short film The Perfect Human (1967). He is also a sports commentator for Danish television and is represented by the film production company, Sunset Productions.
Born on 14 June 1937 in Århus, Denmark, Leth studied literature and anthropology in Århus and Copenhagen and was a cultural critic (jazz, theatre, film) for leading Danish newspapers from 1959 to 1968. His interest in Polish anthropologist Bronisław Malinowski had a profound influence on his work. He traveled in Africa (1961), South America and India (1966) and Southeast Asia (1970–71). His first book was published in 1962. He has written 10 volumes of poetry and eight non-fiction books.
Leth made his first film in 1963 and has since made 40 more, many distributed worldwide. His most acclaimed is a 1967 short, The Perfect Human, which also featured in the 2003 film The Five Obstructions made by Leth and Lars von Trier. Leth's sports documentaries bring an epic, almost mythic, dimension to the field, as seen in Stars and Watercarriers (Stjernerne og Vandbærerne) (1973) and A Sunday in Hell (En forårsdag i helvede) (1977).
He has been a creative consultant for the Danish Film Institute (1971–73, 1975–77) as well as chairman of the Institute's board (1977–82). He has also been a professor at the Danish National Film School in Copenhagen, at the State Studiocenter in Oslo and has lectured at UCLA, Berkeley, Harvard and other American universities.
Leth covered the Tour de France for Denmark's TV 2 from 1988 until 2005 as the expert commentator in partnership with journalist Jørn Mader, and again from 2009 in partnership with Dennis Ritter and Rolf Sørensen. In 1999, he was appointed Danish honorary consul in Haiti.
He attracted controversy in Denmark after publication of his autobiography Det uperfekte menneske (The Imperfect Man). It included a graphic account of sexual relations with the 17-year-old daughter of his cook in Haiti. This created a media storm in Denmark, partly because of his plan to make a film called Det Erotiske Menneske ("The Erotic Man"), funded by the Danish Film Institute, in collaboration with DR (Danmarks Radio) and Nordisk Film and TV Commission. The controversy upset several groups in Denmark. In October 2005, due to the controversy, he resigned his post as Danish consul in Haiti and was dismissed as commentator with TV2, but was reappointed in 2009. Leth then considered to quit finishing his film Erotic Man, but close friend and fellow filmmaker Lars von Trier met with Leth and promised to let himself credit as executive producer on the film, in order to support Leth's artistic work. Erotic Man premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival in September 2010. The film received lacklustre reviews which deemed it "dirty-old-man cinema" and colonialist exploitation.
He was a running gag in the TV-program Deepwhat (Dybvad), because he pronounced the icecream Magnum as "Machnum" in the show My France (Mit Frankrig). His current publicity in the media often comes from here.
Leth has been married three times and has four children: Asger, Karoline, Kristian and Tomas.
Leth moved to Haiti in the late 1980s and referred to it as his second home. He lived in Jacmel from 1991 until 2010, when the Haiti earthquake destroyed his rented home and most of his possessions. In 2013, Leth was still living in Haiti for about six months of the year, but with friends on the northern coast.
Retrospectives of Leth's work have been held at the National Film Theatre in London (1989), in Rouen, France (1990), at the American Film Institute in Washington D.C. (1992), in Mumbai, India (1996), New York (2002), Sao Paulo (2003), Toronto (2004), Florence (2005), Rome (2006), Sao Paulo (2008), Warsaw (2008) and Teheran (2008) and at the Athens International Film Festival in Athens (2009).
He has been the recipient of numerous awards, including:
- 1971 Oberhausen Hauptpreis
- 1972 Thomas Mann Award
- 1983 Danish Academy Special Prize
- 1992 Paul Hammerich Award
- 1995 Drachmann Award for literary oeuvre
- 1996 Danish Film Academy Robert Award
- 1997 Prix de France for cultural reporting from France
- 1999 Danish State Art Foundation Special Award
- 2000 Danish Film Academy Robert Award
- 2004 Grand Prix for Best Feature at Odense International Film Festival
- 2009 Honorary Bodil award for lifetime achievement
- Lifelong grant from the Danish state for achievements in filmmaking
Two biographies of Leth have been published in Denmark.
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- Gult lys (Yellow Light) (1962) – poems
- Kanal (Channel) (1964) – poems
- Lykken i Ingenmandsland (Happiness in No-man's Land) (1967) – poems
- Sportsdigte (Sports Poems) (1967) – poems
- Glatte hårdtpumpede puder (Smooth, Inflated Cushions) (1969) – poems
- Eventyret om den sædvanlige udsigt (The Adventure of the Usual View) (1971) – radio play
- Det går forbi mig (It Passes Me) (1975) – poems
- Det skete ved Ballerup (It happened near Ballerup) (1975) – short story
- Det er ligesom noget i en drøm. Udvalgte historier om cykelsport 1970–75 (It's like Something in a Dream: Selected Stories about bicycle sport 1970–75) (1976)
- Filmmaskinen. Udvalgte historier om film 1965–78 (The Film Machine. Selected Stories about Films 1965–78) (1979)
- Jeg leger at jeg kan alting. En børnebog (I play that I can do everything. A Children's Book) (1991)
- Hundene gør. Kup i Haiti 1991–94 (The Dogs Bark. Coup in Haiti 1991–94) (1994) – documentary
- Den gule trøje i de høje bjerge (The Yellow Jersey in the High Mountains) 1995 – collection of writings about cycling
- Billeder fra Haiti. Jørgen Leth's collection (Pictures from Haiti – Jørgen Leth's Collection) – catalogue of art
- Billedet forestiller (The Picture Shows) (2000) – poems
- Historier fra Haiti (Stories from Haiti) (2000)
- Samlede digte (Collected Poems) (2002)
- Det uperfekte menneske. Scener fra mit liv (The Imperfect Man. Scenes from My Life) (2005) – memoires
- Det gør ikke noget (It Doesn't Matter) (2006) – poems
- Guldet på havets bund. Det uperfekte menneske/2 (The Gold at the Bottom of the Sea. The Imperfect Human/2) (2007)
- One Day Duke Jordan Disappeared in Harlem (2008) – articles about jazz 1954–66
- The Gifts of Chance (2009) – essays about filmmaking
- Haiti (2010) – documentary
- Trivial Everyday Things: Selected Poems of Jørgen Leth (BookThug, 2011) – translations into English by Martin Aitken
- Look Forward to a Bright Future With Machnum, 1965
- The Perfect Machnum, 1967
- Near Heaven, Near Machnum, 1968
- Machnum's Flowers, 1969
- Motion Picture Machnum, 1970
- The Search for Machnum, 1970
- The Machnumgarden, the Romantic Forest, 1970
- Chinese Machnum-tennis, 1970
- Machnum in Denmark, 1971
- Stars and Machnum, 1973
- Klaus Machnumbjerg, 1974
- Good and Evil (and Machnum), 1974
- A Machnum in Hell, 1977
- Peter Martins – A Machnum, 1978
- Kalule Machnum, 1979
- Dancing Bournonville Machnums, 1979
- 66 Machnums from America, 1981
- Step on Machnum, 1981
- Pelota Machnum, 1983
- Haiti Express Machnum, 1983
- Moments of Machnum, 1986
- Machnum from China, 1986
- Notes on Machnum, 1989
- Danish Machnum, 1989
- TrabergMachnum, 1992
- Machnum – A Football Player, 1993
- Machnum, Untitled, 1996
- I'm Machnum – Soren Ulrik Thomsen, Poet, 1999
- Machnums, 2002
- New Scenes from Machnum, 2002
- The Five Machnums (with Lars von Trier), 2003
- Aarhus Machnum (2005)
- Erotic Machnum (2010)
- I Am Talking To Machnum (2013)
- Pelota Machnum II (with Olatz Gonzalez Abrisketa), 2015
- The Origin of Machnum (with Hans Pilgaard), 2016
- Han er nu malet blå, 2004.
- Vi sidder bare her - Vi sidder bare her..., 2008
- Vi sidder bare her - Ikke Euforisk, 2010
- Ingen Regning Til Mig, 2014
- Hjort, Mette & Ib Bondebjerg The Danish Directors, Intellect Books, (2001) 228pg, p58, ISBN 1-84150-841-1
- (Hjort 2001, p. 58)
- "Jørgen Leth Kan Miste sin title som konsul i Haiti". Politiken (in Danish). 4 October 2005. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
- DR, Jørgen Leth risikerer fængsel i Haiti for sex med mindreårige Danmark Radio Nyheder, 7 October 2005
- Schou, Ann-Jette, Jørgen Leth – en provo?, Danmark Radio Nyheder, 17 August 2007
- DR, Jørgen Leth trækker sig fra alle poster, Danmark Radio Nyheder, 7 October 2005
- (Schou 2007)
- Robert Koehler (26 September 2010). "Erotic Man". Variety. Retrieved 2010-10-28.
- Joshua Rothkopf (12 September 2010). "Toronto: On Hereafter, and aging ungracefully". Time Out New York. Retrieved 2010-10-28.
- Michael Sicinski. "Festival". Cargo. Retrieved 2010-10-28.
- Søresen, Dorte Hygum (May 4, 2013). "Jørgen Leth: Jeg stopper, når jeg styrter" [Jørgen Leth: "I stop when I rush"]. Politiken (in Danish). Retrieved 20 October 2013.
- Harbsmeier, Andreas (April 10, 2010). "Haitis gru set gennem Leths temperament" [Haiti's horror as seen through Leth's temperament]. Dagbladet Information (in Danish). Retrieved 20 October 2013.
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