Joaquín Miguel Elizalde

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Joaquín Miguel D. Elizalde
Joaquin Miguel Elizalde.png
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
In office
1952 – December 30, 1953
President Elpidio Quirino
Preceded by Carlos P. Romulo
Succeeded by Carlos P. Garcia
In office
Preceded by Elpidio Quirino
Succeeded by Carlos P. Romulo
Resident Commissioner to the U.S. House of Representatives from the Philippine Islands
In office
September 29, 1938 – August 9, 1944
Preceded by Quintin Paredes
Succeeded by Carlos P. Romulo
Personal details
Born Joaquín Miguel Elizalde Díaz
(1896-08-02)August 2, 1896
Manila, Captaincy General of the Philippines
Died February 9, 1965(1965-02-09) (aged 68)
Washington, D.C., United States
Military service
Allegiance  Philippines
Service/branch Philippine Commonwealth Army
Rank Major
Battles/wars World War II

Joaquín Miguel "Mike" Díaz Elizalde (August 2, 1896 Manila – February 9, 1965 Washington, D. C.) was a Philippine statesman of Spanish Filipino descent.

Early life[edit]

Elizalde was born on August 2, 1896 in Manila, the eldest child of José Joaquín Elizalde (who was the Philippine-born son of Joaquín Marcelino Elizalde e Irrisarri, an immigrant from Elizondo in Navarre, Spain) and Carmen Díaz y Monreau (who was from Spain).[1] His siblings were Juan Miguel, Angel, Manuel ("Manolo"), Federico and Carmenchu.


He was educated at St. Joseph's College, London, and Dr. Schmidt's Institute in St. Gallen, Switzerland.

Appointment in Quezon's Government[edit]

Elizalde was an industrialist and financier and economic adviser to President Manuel L. Quezon in 1937 and 1938. He became a member of the National Economic Council 1937–1941 and 1952 and 1953, and of the Joint Preparatory Committee on Philippine Affairs in 1936 and 1937. He was also a member of the Council of State 1936 to 1941 and 1952 to 1953 and served as Major of the Cavalry Reserve, Philippine Army.

J.M. Elizalde, Sergio Osmeña, and John W. Hausermann, taken in 1938 or 1939, Harris & Ewing Collection, U.S. Library of Congress

As Resident Commissioner to the U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Elizalde was appointed as a Resident Commissioner to the U.S. House of Representatives on September 29, 1938, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Quintin Paredes and served until his resignation on August 9, 1944 and became a member of the war cabinet of President Manuel L. Quezon in 1941.

As International Monetary Fund governor[edit]

In 1946, he became a member of the board of governors of the International Monetary Fund and of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development until 1950 and was the Philippine ambassador to the United States from July 6, 1946 until January 1952.

He was the first of only two former US congressmen to later serve as an ambassador from another country. [2]

Secretary of Foreign Affairs under President Quirino[edit]

He also served as Secretary of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of the Philippines from 1948 to 1950 and 1952 to 1953, both under the administration of President Elpidio Quirino and an economic adviser to the Philippine Mission at the United Nations, with the rank of Ambassador from 1956 to 1965.

Retirement & death[edit]

He was a resident of Moreland Farms, Adamstown, Maryland. He died on February 9, 1965 and was buried at St. Joseph's Cemetery, Carrollton Manor, Maryland.

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Quintin Paredes
Resident Commissioner from the Philippines to the United States Congress
Succeeded by
Carlos P. Romulo

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website