J. William Middendorf

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J. William Middendorf
John William Middendorf (1969).jpg
United States Ambassador to the European Union
In office
July 12, 1985 – February 1, 1987
PresidentRonald Reagan
Preceded byGeorge S. Vest
Succeeded byAlfred H. Kingon
United States Ambassador to the Organization of American States
In office
July 1, 1981 – June 20, 1985
PresidentRonald Reagan
Preceded byGale W. McGee
Succeeded byRichard T. McCormack
62nd United States Secretary of the Navy
In office
April 8, 1974 – January 20, 1977
PresidentRichard Nixon
Gerald Ford
Preceded byJohn Warner
Succeeded byW. Graham Claytor Jr.
United States Ambassador to the Netherlands
In office
July 9, 1969 – June 10, 1973
PresidentRichard Nixon
Preceded byWilliam R. Tyler
Succeeded byKingdon Gould Jr.
Personal details
John William Middendorf II

(1924-09-22) September 22, 1924 (age 98)
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
EducationCollege of the Holy Cross (BS)
Harvard University (BA)
New York University (MBA)
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Navy
Battles/warsWorld War II

John William Middendorf II (born September 22, 1924) is a former Republican United States diplomat and Secretary of the Navy.

Education and military service[edit]

John William Middendorf II received a Bachelor of Naval Science (BNS) degree from College of the Holy Cross[1] in 1945.

In World War II, he served in the United States Navy from 1944 to 1946 as engineer officer and navigator aboard USS LCS(L) 53. He was discharged from the Navy in 1946.

He earned a BA degree from Harvard College in 1947, where he was a member of the Hasty Pudding Theatricals and the Owl Club.[2] He also graduated from New York University's Graduate School of Business Administration, receiving an MBA degree in 1954.

Early career[edit]

He became an investment banker and in 1963 in partnership with Austen Colgate formed his own company, Middendorf, Colgate and Company (with a seat on the New York Stock Exchange).[2] An early member of Barry Goldwater's presidential campaign, he served as treasurer of that campaign, and continued to have the same duties with the Republican National Committee from 1965–1969.[citation needed]

Government service[edit]

Shortly after taking office in 1969, President Richard Nixon appointed Middendorf as United States Ambassador to the Netherlands. Middendorf served in this position until June 1973.

After returning to the U.S., he became Under Secretary of the Navy; not long after, Secretary John Warner moved on to become head of the Bicentennial Commission, and Middendorf was told he could expect promotion to Secretary. However, when his nomination seemed to be stalled, he discovered that Secretary of Defense James Schlesinger had a candidate of his own (information that Schlesinger had not shared with Middendorf). Whereupon, Middendorf paid a personal call on many of the senators he had worked with while he was Treasurer of the Republican Party—and soon enough he had been nominated and confirmed as Secretary of the Navy, serving until the end of the administration of President Gerald Ford. As he would later write, "Life is relationships. Politics is compromise."

During his tenure and again using his legislative contacts, Middendorf helped increase the Navy budget by 60 percent while the U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force budgets remained relatively flat. Programs he championed included the Ohio-class submarine and the companion Trident missile, the Aegis surface-launched missile system (which became the Navy's longest-running construction program; the 100th Aegis-equipped ship was delivered to the U.S. Navy in 2009 and systems are now in service with five allied navies). He also championed the F/A-18 Hornet carrier-based fighter attack aircraft—which Middendorf arranged to have dubbed "Hornet," as a tribute to his Revolutionary War ancestor merchant-shipping Captain William Stone, who donated two ships to the fledgling Navy which were then renamed "Wasp" and "Hornet." Those names survived many years and many ships, but as the fleet began to shrink and as ship-naming became more political—i.e., breaking the old rules and naming ships after living politicians—there weren't enough new candidates for traditional names.

Incoming President Jimmy Carter invited Middendorf to stay on as Secretary of the Navy; however, as Middendorf noted in his 2011 memoir Potomac Fever, he told the President-elect "that it was the best job in government and therefore an insecure post for a Republican in a Democrat administration." During the Carter presidency, Middendorf was back in the private sector, as President and Chief Executive Officer of Financial General Bankshares (which he re-organized and renamed First American Bank). Next, he headed the CIA transition team (1980) for incoming President Ronald Reagan and was then named Permanent Representative of the United States of America to the Organization of American States (OAS), with the rank of Ambassador. He served in the post until 1984, when he accepted appointment as U. S. Representative to the European Community (known today as the European Union) serving until 1987.

Other pursuits and interests[edit]

In 2006, Middendorf published a book describing his work with the Goldwater campaign. Glorious Disaster: Barry Goldwater's Presidential Campaign and the Origins of the Conservative Movement details how Goldwater's campaign became the foundation of the modern Conservative movement.[3]

In 2011, he published his autobiography, Potomac Fever.[4]

He is a prolific composer of symphonies (including the Holland Symphony, presented to Queen Juliana of the Netherlands on the 25th anniversary of her ascension to the throne) and 100 marches for ships of the U.S. Navy.

Ambassador Middendorf is a member of the board of directors of the International Republican Institute.[5] He is a member of the board of trustees for the Heritage Foundation, an influential Washington, D.C. based public policy research institute.[6]

He is also a member of the Rhode Island Society of the Sons of the Revolution and the Naval Order of the United States.

Middendorf studied stained glass production with Dutch-born expert Joep Nicolas. He is on the board of the New York Studio School of Drawing, Painting and Sculpture.

Honors and awards[edit]

Decorations and medals from the United States Government[edit]

Foreign orders, decorations and medals[edit]

Other awards[edit]

Middendorf has received the "Edwin Franko Goldman Award" from the American Bandmasters Association and is a member of the American Society of Composers and Performers (ASCAP). Other honors include:

  • Hudson River Museum Honoree, Hudson River Museum, 2009
  • Maritime Security Lifetime Excellence Award, 2002
  • Arleigh Burke Award – Navy League of the United States, 1998
  • Ludwig von Mises Free Market Award – 1985
  • Distinguished Service Award, Purdue University Band
  • Gold Medal, The Netherlands Society of the Sons of American Revolution
  • Medal of Honor, Midwest National Band and Orchestra Association
  • Alumnus of the Year, New York University Graduate School of Business
  • Association of Harvard Clubs of American Award (Music) (Keogh Award)
  • NYU Eugene Keogh Award for Distinguished Public Service (1989)
  • American Friends of Turkey Leadership Award, 1989
  • Presidential Physical Fitness Award, 1990
  • Distinguished Patriot Award, SAR of State of New York, 1975
  • Award of Merit, Art League of Virginia (Portrait of Del), 1996
  • U.S. Olympic Committee Gold Shield Award
  • Gold Medal, Holland Society of New York, 1996
  • American Bandmasters Association Edwin Franko Goldman Award
  • American Music Award, Harvard Clubs

Honorary degrees[edit]


  • J. William Middendorf II (October 23, 2006). A Glorious Disaster: Barry Goldwater's Presidential Campaign and the Origins of the Conservative Movement. Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-04573-0.
  • J. William Middendorf II (October 15, 2020). The Great Nightfall: How We Win The New Cold War. Heritage Harbor Foundation. ISBN 978-0917012112.


  1. ^ "Keynote Address on the 75th Anniversary of NROTC at Holy Cross". College of the Holy Cross. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  2. ^ a b "AMBASSADOR J. WILLIAM MIDDENDORF, II" (PDF). The Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  3. ^ Middendorf, John William. A Glorious Disaster: Barry Goldwater's Presidential Campaign and the Origins of the Conservative Movement. New York: Basic Books, 2006. ISBN 0465045731
  4. ^ Middendorf, John William. Potomac Fever: A Memoir of Politics and Public Service. Annapolis, Md: Naval Institute Press, 2011. ISBN 9781591145370
  5. ^ International Republican Institute web site, accessed July 16, 2010. Archived April 28, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Heritage Foundation Board of Trustees, heritage.org Archived 2010-03-04 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by Under Secretary of the Navy
August 3, 1973 – June 20, 1974
Succeeded by
Preceded by United States Secretary of the Navy
April 8, 1974 – January 20, 1977
Succeeded by
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by United States Ambassador to the Netherlands
July 9, 1969 – June 10, 1973
Succeeded by
Preceded by United States Ambassador to the Organization of American States
Succeeded by
Preceded by United States Ambassador to the European Union
Succeeded by