Jawaharlal Nehru Port
A container ship at Nhava Sheva
|Operated by||Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust|
|Owned by||Government of India|
|Annual cargo tonnage||Bulk: 7.88 million tons (2010-11)
Container: 56.43 million tons (2010-11)
|Annual container volume||4.47 million TEU (2014-15)|
Jawaharlal Nehru Port, also known as Nhava Sheva, is the largest container port in India. Located east of Mumbai in Maharashtra, the port on the Arabian Sea is accessed via Thane Creek. Its common name derives from the names of Nhava and Sheva villages that were situated here. This port is also the terminal of Western Dedicated Freight Corridor proposed by Indian Railways.
Jawaharlal Nehru Port is run by the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, an autonomous corporation wholly owned by the Government of India. The port was created to relieve pressure on Mumbai Port, then the pre-eminent port of India. It also enabled importers to avoid the octroi tax levied on goods entering Mumbai city by the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation since it falls outside the jurisdiction of the municipal corporation.
The JNPT Container Terminal is operated by JNPT. It has a quay length of 680 metres (2,230 ft) with 3 berths.
The Nhava Sheva International Container Terminal (NSICT) is leased to a consortium led by P & O, now a part of DP World. Commissioned in July 2000, it has a 600 metres (2,000 ft) quay length with two berths. It can handle up to 15.6 million tons of cargo. NSICT was India’s first privately managed container terminal. In the year 2006, GTI (Gateway Terminals India Pvt Ltd), a third container terminal operated by APM Terminals, with the capacity to handle 1.3 Million TEUs was commissioned. A new standalone container terminal by the name of NSIGT having a quay length of 330 m and a capacity of 12.5 Million Tonnes will be fully operational by July, 2016. Work has commenced for commissioning of fourth container terminal with a quay length of 2,000 m. This terminal will be operated by PSA and will have a capacity of 4.8 Million TEUs (60 MTPA). Phase-I of the project with a quay length of 1 Km will be commissioned by Dec., 2017.
JNP accounts for more than half of total container volumes handled at India's 12 public ports and around 40 percent of the nation's overall containerized ocean trade. Major exports from Jawaharlal Nehru Port are textiles, sporting goods, carpets, textile machinery, boneless meat, chemicals and pharmaceuticals. The main imports are chemicals, machinery, plastics, electrical machinery, vegetable oils and aluminium and other non-ferrous metals. The port handles cargo traffic mostly originating from or destined for Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, as well as most of North India.
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- "Cummulative Traffic April 2010 to March 2011" (PDF). Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust. Retrieved 2011-09-23.
- "India’s major ports see 6.7 percent growth in container volumes". JOC.com. 7 April 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
- "The biggest ports of India". Rediff Business. Rediff.com. 8 October 2010. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- "JNPT Container Terminal". Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust. Retrieved 2011-09-23.
- "NSICT Private Terminal". Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust. Retrieved 2011-09-23.
- JNPT Nhavasheva Import Data
-  Laudable Achievements of JNPT
-  India - Nhava Sheva
- JNPT Nhavasheva Export Data
- JNPT growth plan, interview with Chairman JNPT. April 2014