Uran

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Uran
उरण
City
Uran is located in Maharashtra
Uran
Uran
Coordinates: 18°53′N 72°57′E / 18.89°N 72.95°E / 18.89; 72.95Coordinates: 18°53′N 72°57′E / 18.89°N 72.95°E / 18.89; 72.95
Country India India
State Maharashtra
District Raigad
Elevation 21 m (69 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 30,439
Demonym(s) Urankar (उरणकर)
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 400702
Telephone code 022
Vehicle registration MH-46 and MH-43

Uran is part of Navi Mumbai city on the western coast of India. It lies in the Raigad district, east of Mumbai across the Dharamtar Creek. Uran is primarily a fishing village, which has developed into the special economic zone of Uran.mostly Speaking language in Uran is Agri ,which spoken by Native Agri,Koli and karadi people.

History[edit]

The city name derived from the Hindu goddess Uranavati. It was called Uruvan during the rule of Madhavrao I, the fourth Peshwa of the Maratha Empire. Later, the area was named Ooran by the Portuguese and British.[2]

Many Indian dynasties have ruled the area. In early history, these included the Maurya Empire, Sātavāhana Empire, Western Kshatrapas, Vākāṭaka Empire, Chalukyas, and Yadavas.[2][3][4]

The area around Mumbai was under Portuguese and British rule in the 16th to 19th centuries.[2]

Uran was subject to the Maratha princely states in the Maharashtra. Uran was once the base of the famous Maratha Sarkhel (Admiral) Kanhoji Angre,[5] who battled European naval interests in the 18th century.

Geography[edit]

Uran is located at 18°53′N 72°56′E / 18.88°N 72.94°E / 18.88; 72.94.[6] Uran has an average elevation of 21 metres (69 ft).

On the tip of a peninsula, Uran district is surrounded by sea on three sides. The town of Uran itself is centrally located on the peninsula, flanked by Karanja village to the south and Mora village and port to the north. Among the other villages in the Uran district are Ambikawadi, Aveda, Bajarpur, Bandhilwadi,Bhendkhal, Bokadvira, Bori, Chanaje, Chirner, Dastaan, Dighode, Dhakti Jui, Dongree, Funde, Jasai, Jaskhar, Karanja, Kathe Ali, Karal, Khopte, Koproli, Kundegav, Mora, Mothi Jui,Mulekhand, Nagaon, Navghar, Panaje, Pagote, Pirkon, Sarde, Savarkhar, Sheva, Sonari, Vasheni, Vindhane, and Vinayak.

Uran has very beautiful landscapes and surroundings. The outskirts of town are largely rural, remaining among the few undeveloped areas within the Navi Mumbai city limits. Local roads are lined by greenery, rice fields in the monsoon season, and mountains.

Uran is home to extensive salt pans, part of a long-standing network of salt manufacturing around Mumbai.[7] The land has been under redevelopment pressure.[8]

The Uran wetlands were once home to many species of birds and reptiles, some critically endangered. The wetlands were developed in 2009 and 2010.[9]

Economy[edit]

ONGC Oil and Gas Processing Platform in the Bombay High oilfield
Skols Brewery in Uran

The main occupation in Uran is fishing. 80% of the fish production of Mumbai comes from fishermen based out of the Uran district, especially the villages of Karanja and Mora.

The second major occupation is farming. Uran contributes to the production of rice in the Raigad district. Raigad is the second largest district in terms of rice production in India.

Shipping, shipbuilding, and port support are major economic factors in Uran district. Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JNPT) is the largest container terminal in India.[10] Other container terminals in the Uran district include APM Terminals (formerly GTI) and DP World (formerly the British Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company). Salt pan owners revolted against the government decision to build a sea port,[when?] but the port has proved to be the main source of income to residents and nearby villages, as major projects and warehouses have opened nearby.

The Indian Navy maintains a naval base near Mora. Locals claim that the base has stifled the growth of the town, due to sea travel restrictions imposed by the Navy for security.

The Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) has a plant nearby. GTPS-MSEB is Asia's first power plant run by natural gas.

Other industrial and manufacturing employers Grindwell Norton Limited,[11] NAD, and the Skols Brewery (closed in 2005[12]).

Demographics[edit]

Uran is growing. In the 2001 India census, Uran had a population of 23,254;[13] this had increased by the 2011 census to 30,439.[1] Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. In Uran, 10-11% of the population is 6 years of age or younger.[1][13]

Uran's average literacy rate is also rising, from 79% in 2001 to 82% in 2011.[1][13] Males lead females in literacy: male literacy was 83% in 2001 and 85% in 2011, and female literacy was 75% in 2001 and 79% in 2011.[1][13] India's national literacy average is 59.5%.

Three Hindu sub-castes are mainly native to the Raigad district and adjacent Thane district: Koli, Agri, and Karadi. The Koli are fishermen; the majority have the surname Nakhawa or Koli. The farming population comprise the Agri caste.

Culture[edit]

Places of worship[edit]

Sunset from Dronagiri temple in Karanja

Uran has many Hindu temples, some of which host annual festivals. Some of the well known temples are:

  • Dronagiri temple – Karanja: The complete panoramic view of Dharamtar Creek from Colaba to Mandva is visible from this hill. The Dronagiri area is visible from the temple.
  • Ratneshwari temple – Jaskhar: A huge fair is organised annually, generally in April and May, to celebrate the blessings of the goddess Ratneshwari.
  • Vinayak temple – Vinayak locality: This very old temple allegedly retains the simplicity of the days gone by. The temple has very calm surroundings, including a small garden, an old well and a small lake.
  • Mankeshwar temple – Mankeshwar locality: The very old temple, renovated completely, is devoted to Lord Shiva. The temple is located just 5 minutes from the seashore.
  • Shri Dutta Mandir – Devulwadi: A temple devoted to Lord Dutta, it is revered and worshiped by many. A huge annual fair is organised on the occasion of Datta Jayanti, celebrating the birth of Lord Dutta. This is amongst the largest fairs held in Uran.
  • Saibaba temple – Mora: A small temple located just behind the Mora boat jetty has a very beautiful idol of Shri Sai Baba.
  • Shree Ragobha Mandir: Located in Kotnaka village, on the route of the Uran-Panvel Highway. Aarti is conducted every Tuesday in the temple. An annual Palkhi Dance in April celebrates the blessing of Ragobha dev.
  • Maha Ganpati temple: In Chirner village.
  • Shree Saibaba temple, Ambikawadi, Nagaon: This temple is situated near Pirwadi Sea shore from where every year a Padyatra Dindi to Shirdi is taken by Om Shree sairam Padayatra Mandal.
  • Bole Narth temple: Located in Khopate village, for many years this temple has conducted a big festival.
  • Ganesh/Vinayak temple: Located in Kegaon, this temple has a history of more than 100 years.
  • Ekvira/Ekvira temple: Located in Mora, this temple has a history of more than 100 years it was built by Pandavas.
  • Bahiridev Temple, Sarde Uran:' Shree Bahiridev(Ughad) is Gramdaiwat of all Sarde Village. It is Jagrut Devasthan and it is based on Creek of Sarde which is one of branch of Patalganga Creek.
  • Radhakrishna Temple, Sarde, Uran: Which is based at Radhakrisha ali(Sarde Village hill)A Grand Festival is celebrated on the occasion of Shree Krishna Jayanti. There are Huge celebration's in Palakhi occasion.

'Komana' word coming from Agri "कोम्ब" which exactly means goddess appear from one stone which behind two small stone. This goddess are form of Bhairavi & Bhairav.

Goddess baya is form of Yogini. According to legend "a group of women of Sarde village are come At Ghol in the night time of Shrikrushna janmashtami some people singing song which is not language of Marathi or Agri, the group of peopls claim goddess singing Aarati. in there own language which exactly hear by them. But Goddess are disappeared.

Other houses of worship in Uran are:

Shudhata Mata Church, Uran
  • Shudhata Mata Church: Located near Rajpal Naka.
  • Masjid Mosque: at Masjid Mohallah, close to the Uran Police Station.
  • Another mosque is located on Balai Road
  • Parsi Fire Temple: located close to the Mora jetty.
  1. aware shiv mandir :- this historical temple in aware uran

Other attractions[edit]

Beach at Uran. Behind the glare is the distant city of Mumbai

Another major tourist attraction in Uran is Pirwadi Beach, which is frequented by tourists from nearby areas like Panvel, Navi Mumbai, and Mumbai. A distant view of South Mumbai is visible from there.

Ransai Dam is a destination in Uran. It is located near Dighode Village.

An old military fort named Dronagiri is located just beside the ONGC plant on the top of the Dronagiri mountain. This was a Maratha fort for a short period before passing into possession of the Portuguese, according to the locals. Entry has banned for security reasons.

Education[edit]

There are many schools which provide primary education and secondary education, but very few graduate colleges are present. There are currently no engineering colleges or medical colleges in Uran.

The schools in Uran are:

  • Tukaram Hari Vajekar Higher Secondary School, Funde
  • N.I. High School - Bazarpeth
  • St. Mary's High School Uran - Bazarpeth
  • English Medium School - operated by the Uran Education Society in Bori
  • Anmol English Medium School - Bokadvira
  • Rotary English Medium School - Bori
  • IES Jawaharlal Nehru Vidyalaya - JNPT Township
  • JNPT St. Mary's High School - JNPT Township
  • Dronagiri High School - Karanja
  • Citizen High School - Koliwada
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya - NAD
  • Bhagubai Changu Thakur - Vidyalaya

The colleges are:

  • Veer Wajekar A.S.C College - Funde
  • Konkan Dnyanpeeth Sanstha (Dagdi College) - Uran
  • Uran Education Society College - Uran

The Industrial Training Institute (ITI) at Daurnagar provides several courses for career paths such as electricians and fitters.

There is also a Madrasa in Uran for Islamic education.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Maharastra: Raigarh: Uran: Uran: Uran TOWN". Census of India. Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c "History of Uran". JourneyMart.com. 
  3. ^ Greater Bombay District Gazetteer. Maharashtra State Gazetteers 27 (1). Gazetteer Department (Government of Maharashtra. 1960. pp. 127–150). 
  4. ^ Dwivedi, Sharada; Mehrotra, Rahul (2001). Bombay: The Cities Within. Eminence Designs. p. 79. ISBN 81-85028-80-X. 
  5. ^ Weekend Breaks from Mumbai. Outlook Traveller Getaways. 2003. p. 413. 
  6. ^ "Uran, India Page". Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. 27 February 2015. 
  7. ^ "KONKAN SALT PANS: Wilful distortion denies salt pan owners justice". India Together (Oorvani Media Pvt. Ltd.). 3 April 2008. 
  8. ^ Manecksha, Freny (April 2010). "Saltpan city". Infochange News & Features. 
  9. ^ "The MAP News". Mangrove Action Project (236 ed.). Mangrove Action Project. 30 April 2010. [not in citation given]
  10. ^ "The biggest ports of India". Rediff Business. Rediff.com. 8 October 2010. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  11. ^ "About Us". Grindwell Norton Ltd. 2007. Retrieved 12 March 2015. 
  12. ^ "SABMiller shuts Skol Uran unit". Business Standard (Mumbai: Business Standard Ltd.). 31 October 2005. 
  13. ^ a b c d "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.