Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein

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Prince Joseph Wenzel
Prince of Liechtenstein; Count Rietberg
Full name
Joseph Wenzel Maximilian Maria
Father Alois, Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein
Mother Duchess Sophie in Bavaria
Born (1995-05-24) 24 May 1995 (age 18)
London, England
Religion Roman Catholicism


Liechtensteiner Princely Family
Staatswappen-Liechtensteins.svg

HSH The Prince
HSH The Princess

Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein, Count Rietberg (Joseph Wenzel Maximilian Maria von und zu Liechtenstein), styled His Serene Highness (born 24 May 1995), is the eldest child of Prince Alois of Liechtenstein, the Regent and Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein, and his wife Princess Sophie of Bavaria, Duchess in Bavaria.[1] He is second in the line of succession to the Liechtensteiner throne and third in line in the Jacobite line of succession to the thrones of England, Scotland, Ireland and France. He is the first Jacobite heir born in the British Isles since 1688.[1]

The prince has three younger siblings: Princess Marie-Caroline (b. 1996), Prince Georg (b. 1999) and Prince Nikolaus (b. 2000).

Joseph Wenzel is named in honour of his ancestor Josef Wenzel, Reigning Prince of Liechtenstein from 1712 to 1718 and from 1748 to 1772. He bears the name Maximilian in honour of his maternal grandfather Prince Max, Duke in Bavaria, and his paternal uncle and godfather, Prince Maximilian of Liechtenstein. In accordance with the custom of several Roman Catholic dynasties in Europe, including that of both his parents, he was given the name Maria in honour of the Virgin Mary.[1]

In 2013 he was receiving his secondary education in England at Malvern College, where he was joined by his sister Marie-Caroline. At Malvern, the prince is known as "Wenzel Liechtenstein".[2]

Dynastic ties[edit]

The Princely House of Liechtenstein[edit]

Since birth, Joseph Wenzel has borne the title "Prince of Liechtenstein" and "Count Rietberg." He is second in line for the throne of Liechtenstein, preceded only by his father who has been Regent of Liechtenstein (Stellvertreter des Fürsten) since 15 August 2004.[3]

However, Joseph Wenzel's grandfather Prince Hans-Adam formally remains The Sovereign Prince of Liechtenstein (Head of State of Liechtenstein) and head of the Princely House of Liechtenstein. When Prince Alois inherits that position, Joseph Wenzel will become the Hereditary Prince (Erbprinz), i.e., the immediate heir to the throne of Liechtenstein.[3]

Jacobite succession[edit]

Joseph Wenzel is third in line and heir apparent of his mother to the Jacobite succession to the British crown. Joseph Wenzel's great-uncle Franz, Duke of Bavaria, is the current Jacobite heir-general, although he has made no claim to the British throne, nor have any of his ancestors in the Jacobite line of succession since the 18th century.[1]

Prince Franz is elderly and has no children. Accordingly, on his death the position of Stuart heir is almost certain to fall to his younger brother Prince Max, if he is still alive, and after that to Max's eldest daughter Sophie, Joseph Wenzel's mother. The status of Jacobite heir-general will thus come to Joseph Wenzel himself in due course,[1]

Having been born at Portland Hospital in London, Joseph Wenzel is the first potential Jacobite heir to have been born in Great Britain since James Francis Edward Stuart in 1688. Also, barring unforeseen circumstances, as prince of Liechtenstein he will eventually become a Head of State, a position not held by a Stuart heir-general since his great-great-great-great uncle Francis V, Duke of Modena.[citation needed]

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein". The Jacobite Heritage. Retrieved 30 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Malvern College e-newsletter, April 2013
  3. ^ a b Country profile: Liechtenstein – Leaders BBC News, 6 December 2006. Retrieved 29 December 2006.
Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein
Born: 24 May 1995
Lines of succession
Preceded by
The Hereditary Prince
Line of succession
to Liechtenstein throne
Succeeded by
Prince Georg