Jakhau

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jakhau
જખૌ
Jakhan, Juckow
village
Jakhau is located in Gujarat
Jakhau
Jakhau
Jakhau is located in India
Jakhau
Jakhau
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 23°13′07″N 68°43′01″E / 23.21861°N 68.71694°E / 23.21861; 68.71694Coordinates: 23°13′07″N 68°43′01″E / 23.21861°N 68.71694°E / 23.21861; 68.71694
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Kutch (Kachchh)
Taluka Abdasa
Government
 • Body Gram Panchayat
Elevation[1] 15 m (49 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 4,076
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 370640
Vehicle registration GJ-12
Nearest city Bhuj
Lok Sabha constituency Kachchh
Vidhan Sabha constituency Abdasa[2]
Civic agency Gram Panchayat
Website gujaratindia.com

Jakhau (Ja-kha-oo, pronounced as Ja-kho by locals) is a village in Gujarat, western India. Administratively, it is under Abdasa Taluka, Kutch District, of Gujarat.[3] Jakhau is 17 km by road west-southwest of Naliya, the taluka headquarters. Jakhau Salt, the port of Jakhau, is situated a further 15 km westwards.

History[edit]

The village and port are named after the legendary Jakh Botera who were shipwrecked on the Kutch coast and came ashore at Jakhau. Variously described as tall and fair-complexioned with an advanced culture,(thats why locals names them Yakshas-demigods) their traditional number is seventy-two with at least one woman. Their origins are obscure-but one school of thought opines that they were zerthotrians_iraani or parsi origins and good at horsemenship,medicine & archery. One cruel king puanra is said to have been controlled/put to an end by them-thus they attained godz status in region.[4][5]

In the Middle Ages, Jakhau was a thriving port and warehousing village.[6] However as Godia Creek silted up and ships increased in size, trade went to the dredged port at Mandvi instead and south to Bombay (now Mumbai). Exports were mostly salt[7] cotton, millet, and castor bean oil and later cloth and tobacco, while imports were mostly rice, lumber and dried fruit, and some sugar.[8]

The 1998 Gujarat cyclone helped to further destroy the port. The major occupation is now fishing.[9]

Demographics[edit]

In the 2001 census, the village of Jakhau had 4,076 inhabitants, with 2,032 males (49.9%) and 2,044 females (50.1%), for a gender ratio of 1006 females per thousand males.[10]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lakhpat, India, Sheet NF 42-2 (topographic map, scale 1:250,000), Series 1501, United States Defense Mapping Agency, August 1981 
  2. ^ "Assembly Constituencies-Post delimitation, State: Gujarat, District: Ahmadabad" (PDF). National Information Centre, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-12-24. 
  3. ^ "Villages of Abdasa Taluka". Kutch District. Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. 
  4. ^ Simpson, Edward (2009). "Chapter 1. Texts, Machinations and the Past". Muslim Society and the Western Indian Ocean: The Seafarers of Kachchh. London: Routledge. p. 40. ISBN 978-0-415-54377-4. 
  5. ^ Dilipsinh, K. S. (2004). Kutch: In Festival And Custom. New Delhi: Har-Anand Publications. pp. 59–60. ISBN 978-81-241-0998-4. 
  6. ^ Mehta, Lyla (2005). "Water and Identity in Kutch". The Politics and Poetics of Water: The Naturalisation of Scarcity in Western India. New Delhi: Orient Longman. p. 69. ISBN 978-81-250-2869-7. 
  7. ^ Aggarwal, Shugan Chand (1976). The Salt Industry in India (third ed.). New Delhi: Controller of Publications, Government of India. p. 201. OCLC 427303131. 
  8. ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Cutch, Palanpur, and Mahi Kantha. Printed at the Government Central Press. 1880. p. 223. 
  9. ^ Fishmarc & Kutch Nav Nirman Abhiyan (2010). "Kutch Coast – People, Environment & Livelihoods" (PDF). 
  10. ^ "Census 2001 Population Finder: Gujarat: Kachchh: Abdasa: Jakhau". Office of The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Archived from the original on 31 May 2013.