James Gammell

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Sir James Gammell
Jamesgammell.jpg
Born 26 September 1892
Died 1 August 1975 (aged 82)
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1936–1972
Rank Lieutenant General
Unit Scottish Horse
Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
Commands held 1st Battalion, Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
4th Infantry Brigade
15th Infantry Brigade
3rd Infantry Division
XII Corps
Eastern Command
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Order
Military Cross

Lieutenant General Sir James Andrew Harcourt Gammell KCB DSO MC (26 September 1892 – 1 August 1975) was a senior British Army officer who fought during World War I and World War II.

Military career[edit]

After studying at Cambridge University, James Gammell was commissioned as a second lieutenant into the Scottish Horse in 1913.[1] He served in World War I and was awarded the Military Cross for his service in the Armoured Car Patrol in 1917.[2]

During the interwar period he served as an instructor at the Staff College, Camberley from 1930 to 1932.[3] In 1935 he was appointed Commanding Officer (CO) of the 1st Battalion, Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders.[3]

He served in World War II becoming commander of the 4th Infantry Brigade which was deployed to France with the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in 1939.[3] In 1940 he served as a brigadier on the General Staff of IV Corps and then of Allied Forces Norway.[3] Later that year he was appointed commander of the 15th Infantry Brigade.[3] He then became General Officer Commanding (GOC) 3rd Infantry Division, moving on to be GOC XII Corps in 1941 and General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Eastern Command in 1942.[3] In 1944 he was appointed Chief of Staff to the Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean, General Sir Harold Alexander.[4]

After the war he became Head of the British Military Mission to Moscow and retired in 1946.[3]

He lived at Alrick in Glenisla.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "no. 28679". The London Gazette. 7 January 1913. p. 152. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  2. ^ "(Supplement) no. 30001". The London Gazette. 23 March 1917. p. 2981. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Sir James Gammell". Generals.dk. Retrieved 2011-08-06. 
  4. ^ "Unit Commander and/or Staff Officer Details". Orders of Battle. Retrieved 2011-08-06. 
  5. ^ Glasgow University
Military offices
Preceded by
Bernard Montgomery
GOC 3rd Infantry Division
1940–1941
Succeeded by
Eric Hayes
Preceded by
Bernard Montgomery
GOC XII Corps
1941–1942
Succeeded by
Montagu Stopford
Preceded by
Sir Kenneth Anderson
GOC-in-C Eastern Command
1942–1944
Succeeded by
Sir Kenneth Anderson