Jamakhandi

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Jamakhandi
ಜಮಖಂಡಿ
city
Jamakhandi is located in Karnataka
Jamakhandi
Jamakhandi
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 16°30′17″N 75°17′29″E / 16.504672°N 75.291401°E / 16.504672; 75.291401Coordinates: 16°30′17″N 75°17′29″E / 16.504672°N 75.291401°E / 16.504672; 75.291401
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Bagalkot
Area
 • Total 12.6 km2 (4.9 sq mi)
Elevation 543 m (1,781 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 68,398
 • Density 4,594.21/km2 (11,898.9/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 587 301/587302
Telephone code 08353
Vehicle registration KA-48
Website www.jamkhandicity.mrc.gov.in

Jamakhandi is a town in Bagalkot district in the Indian state of Karnataka. It was the capital of the former princely state of Jamkhandi.It is located 77 KM towards west from District head quarters Bagalkot district. It is the first princely state to merge in constituent India based on demand to make Jamkhandi as a district.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[1] Jamakhandi had a population of 68,398. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Jamkhandi has an average literacy rate of 60%: male literacy is 67%, and female literacy is 52%. In Jamakhandi, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.The population of Jamakhandi is quite diverse one in terms of religion,language and culture. Kannada is the main language.

Attractions[edit]

The Royal Palace of Patwardhans is the main attraction of Jamkhandi town. Some other places worth visiting in the town are: There is a legend says that Maharshi Jamadagni husband of Shri Renuka Devi stayed in the caves of Jamakhandi and meditated here.Jamkhandi surrounded by rocky hills makes it beautiful site and looks like a hole from aerial survey.

Notable people[edit]

HOME


Education[edit]

                     There are 6 Govt.Divisional level Colleges/Offices(CTE's) in Karnataka. Govt.College of Teacher Education,Jamakhandi(CTE,Jamakhandi) is one of them.It is started in the year of 1964-65. Joint Director level officer as a Principal,3 DDPI's as a Readers and 13 BEO are working as a Lecturers in this college.(It Covers Five Districts Educational Administration and Conducting Inservice Training Programmes for High School Teachers, Head Masters and Educational Officers)and also Well known schools in Jamkhandi are: Govt.P. B. High School : Founder, Sir Parashuram Bhaurao Patwardhan started P. B. High School (named after him) in the year 1879. He also later founded S. P. College in Pune. Government Govt.Girls(G.G) High School and B.E.S.P.U.College,Kadapatti. B.L.D.E's Commerce, B.H.S Arts and T.G.P Science. Girish nagar primary Kannada medium school. Nutana primary Kannada medium Vidyalaya. Olimath primary Kannada medium School. Swami Vivekananda School. Tungal School.ashok tungal (be)is the founder of this college tungal school is first rank for its district. almost district, it gave good education for primary as well as other competitive exams. almost The Royal palace School.SARVODAYA No donation higher Primary school which is run by Sarvodaya Mahila & Gramina Abhivruddi Samsthe(R)Jamakhandi.


A Sarvodaya deaf and Dumb School is also run by the same organisation.City has got a big polo ground,where taluka, district and state level sports activities are held. Every year flag hoisting is done in polo ground where students from different schools will gather and perform different kawayats.


History[edit]

Jamkhandi State was one of the Maratha princely states of British India. It was founded in 1811 and its capital was at Jamakhandi. It was administered as part of the Deccan States Agency of the Bombay Presidency and was one of the former states of the Southern Maratha Country.

Jamkhandi state was founded in 1811 by Shrimant Gopalrao Patwardhan. He was a descendant of Bramhibhoot Harbhat Buva Patwardhan of Kurandvad Senior State.

The name of the state was derived from Jambukeshwar temple. The temple itself got the name because it was deep inside a Jambul blueberry (Jambul in Marathi, Nerale Hannu in Kannada, Jamun in Hindi) forest. Today, a primary school functions from the temple precinct.

The town of Kundgol, which is in the neighboring Dharwar district, was a non-contiguous part of Jamkhandi State until it merged into the Indian Union on 19t February 1948.

Rulers The rulers of the state bore the title 'Raja'. The Rajas of Jamkhandi belonged to the Patwardhan dynasty.

The rulers of Jamkhandi were of the Chitpavan Brahmin caste, originally from the Kotawada in Ratnagiri. Haribhat, who was the family priest of another Chitpavan Brahmin, the chief of Ichalkaranji. Three of Haribhat's sons served Peshwa and distinguished themselves during various conquests. The Peshwa awarded them Jagirs of Jamkhandi, Miraj, Sangli and Kurundwad, to honor their bravery and courage.

Jamkhandi was one of the Maratha Princely States of British India and was administered as part of the Bombay Presidency, later by the Deccan States Agency. Jamkhandi was founded by Gopalrao Ramchandrarao Patwardhan (1799-1840) in 1811. He was succeeded by Ramchandrarao Gopalrao Patwardhan (1833-1897), who was a very capable administrator, and moved his capital to Ramtirth, a hill near Jamkhandi, next to an old temple.

Kings[edit]

1811 – 18?? Ramchandra Rao Parashuram Rao

18?? – 1840 Gopal Rao Ramchandra Rao

18 Nov 1840 – 1897 Ramchandra Rao Gopal Rao a.k.a. Appa Sahib Patwardhan

1897 – 25 Feb 1924 Parashuram Rao Ramchandra Rao a.k.a. Bhav Sahib Patwardhan

25 Feb 1924 – 15 Aug 1947 Shankar Rao Parashuram Rao a.k.a. Appa Sahib Patwardhan (b. 1906)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links[edit]