Jane Eyre (2011 film)

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Jane Eyre
Jane Eyre Poster.jpg
British cinema poster
Directed byCary Joji Fukunaga
Produced byAlison Owen
Paul Trijbits
Screenplay byMoira Buffini
Based onJane Eyre
by Charlotte Brontë
StarringMia Wasikowska
Michael Fassbender
Jamie Bell
Judi Dench
Music byDario Marianelli
CinematographyAdriano Goldman
Edited byMelanie Oliver
Production
company
BBC Films
Ruby Films
Distributed byUniversal Pictures (UK)
Focus Features (US)
Release date
  • 9 March 2011 (2011-03-09) (New York premiere)
  • 11 March 2011 (2011-03-11) (United States)
  • 9 September 2011 (2011-09-09) (United Kingdom)
Running time
120 minutes[1]
CountryUnited Kingdom
United States
LanguageEnglish
French
Box office$35 million[2]

Jane Eyre is a 2011 British romantic drama film directed by Cary Fukunaga and starring Mia Wasikowska and Michael Fassbender. The screenplay is written by Moira Buffini based on Charlotte Brontë's 1847 novel of the same name, a classic of the Gothic, bildungsroman, and romance genres. The film was released on 11 March 2011 in the United States and 9 September in Great Britain and Ireland. The film's costume design, led by Michael O'Connor, was nominated for an Academy Award.[3]

Plot[edit]

A tearful Jane Eyre runs away from Thornfield Hall, finding herself alone on the moors. She collapses at the doorstep of Moor House, home of St. John Rivers and his sisters; they take Jane in and nurse her back to health.

The film flashes between Jane’s recovery and her grim childhood. An orphan, she is treated cruelly by her cousin John and aunt Mrs. Reed. Jane is sent to the Lowood School for Girls; under the strict Mr. Brocklehurst, the girls are beaten, but Jane befriends fellow pupil Helen Burns, who dies of consumption.

Eight years later, Jane, now eighteen, leaves Lowood for a position at Thornfield Hall. Welcomed by the kindly housekeeper Mrs. Fairfax, Jane begins her plain but isolated life as governess to Adèle Varens, the young French ward of Thornfield’s owner. One day, Jane sees a rider thrown by his horse and comes to his aid. Returning to Thornfield, she learns the man is Edward Rochester, master of the house. He grudgingly praises her instruction of Adèle, and her own “openess and unpolluted mind;” the two find themselves curiously attracted to one another.

One night, Jane discovers Rochester's room on fire, which they manage to extinguish; he warns her not to speak of the incident, and they share a chaste but passionate moment. The next day, Rochester leaves suddenly to call on Blanche Ingram, whom Mrs. Fairfax tells Jane is Rochester’s prospective wife; she and her family return with him a few weeks later on a grand visit to Thornfield.

Rochester confronts Jane, who is hurt by Blanche’s presence, but is interrupted by an unexpected guest – Richard Mason from Spanish Town, Jamaica, whose arrival disturbs Rochester. That night, the household is awakened by a scream. Rochester reassures the guests, but brings Jane to tend to Mason, who has been badly injured. Jane notices a hidden door in Rochester’s room before Mason is taken away by a doctor. Rochester confides in Jane, cryptically, that he is haunted by a past mistake but has fallen for a new woman in his life; Jane believes he means Blanche.

Jane receives word that her cousin John has committed suicide, leading her aunt to suffer a stroke. Jane returns to her dying aunt, who gives her a letter from Jane's paternal uncle, John Eyre, asking that Jane live with him in Madeira as his heir. The letter is three years old, and Mrs. Reed admits to writing John that Jane had died at Lowood. Jane forgives her aunt and returns to Thornfield, beginning a correspondence with John.

Faced with Rochester’s impending marriage to Blanche, Jane tells Rochester she will leave Thornfield and confesses her true feelings for him. Rochester declares that Jane is his only love and proposes; she accepts. At their wedding, Mason appears with a lawyer and reveals that Rochester is already married to Mason's sister, Bertha. Rochester admits the truth and takes Jane to meet his violently deranged wife, kept in a hidden room at Thornfield. Rochester explains that he was made to marry Bertha for her money, but she rapidly descended into madness and he locked her away rather than subject her to an asylum; she was responsible for the strange happenings in the house. Jane, wounded at his deception, leaves Thornfield.

After her recovery at Moor House, St. John gives Jane a teaching position and a cottage. One night, she imagines a knock at her door to be Rochester, but instead finds St. John with news that her uncle John has died and left her his fortune of £20,000 (equivalent to £1,800,000 in 2018). Jane offers to share her inheritance with St. John and his sisters, and the four live together at Moor House. St. John asks Jane to marry him, but she rejects him.

Jane returns to Thornfield to find the house a blackened ruin. She learns from Mrs. Fairfax that Bertha set fire to the house; Rochester was able to rescue everyone but his wife. Jane visits Rochester, who lost his eyesight in the fire, and the two are reunited.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

The film was produced by Alison Owen's company Ruby Films, with financial support from BBC Films, Focus Features and Lipsynch Productions.[4] The script by Moira Buffini appeared on the 2008 Brit List, a film-industry-compiled list of the best unproduced screenplays in British film.[5] The story is largely presented by way of flashbacks.[6] In October 2009, it was announced that Cary Fukunaga would direct the adaptation.[7] Fukunaga had been in England promoting a film when he met with the BBC and learned about their plans for a new adaptation.[8] The filmmakers decided to play up the Gothic elements of the classic novel.[9] Fukunaga stated, "I've spent a lot of time rereading the book and trying to feel out what Charlotte Brontë was feeling when she was writing it. That sort of spookiness that plagues the entire story... there's been something like 24 adaptations and it's very rare that you see those sorts of darker sides. They treat it like it's just a period romance and I think it's much more than that."[10]

Casting[edit]

Mia Wasikowska starred as the title character and Michael Fassbender as Edward Rochester.[9] Fukunaga and the producers wanted an actress close to Jane Eyre's age in the novel, in contrast to many previous versions.[11][12] Fukunaga liked Wasikowska's "sense of observation in her eyes" and that "[she] could communicate [Jane's inner turmoil] in a way that didn't feel theatrical".[13][14] He felt her looks could be played down as required for the role.[13] On casting Rochester, the director stated that while there were actors closer in appearance, he felt Fassbender had the spirit of the character.[13] Jamie Bell, Judi Dench, Sally Hawkins, Simon McBurney, Imogen Poots, Holliday Grainger and Tamzin Merchant also joined the cast.[15][16]

Filming[edit]

Principal photography began on 22 March 2010 and concluded in mid-May.[17][15][18] Filming locations included London and various locations in Derbyshire and the Derbyshire Dales, including Chatsworth House, Haddon Hall, the village of Froggatt and the Fox House pub in Sheffield, as well as Broughton Castle in Oxfordshire.[19][20][21] The score is composed by Academy Award winner Dario Marianelli.[22] Another Academy Award winner, Michael O'Connor, designed the costumes.[23] Although they estimated the setting was the late 1830s, they settled on four to five years later in 1843. Fukunaga commented that "the clothing style of the '30s was just awful. Every woman looked like a wedding cake." However, they decided to allow a few characters in older fashions to reflect that some would not have updated their style.[24] He looked at some 60 residences for one to represent Thornfield Hall but settled on Haddon Hall as it had not undergone much redecorating;[14] the same location was also used in the 2006 BBC version of Jane Eyre. The conditions were very cold and Fukunaga admitted that Wasikowska nearly got hypothermia on the second day while shooting the rain sequence; however, he could not imagine filming anywhere else, saying "Northern England – Yorkshire and Derbyshire, the moors and dales – they look like they're something straight out of a Tim Burton horror film. The trees are all twisted by the wind; the bracken and the heather on the moors have this amazing hue. And the weather is so extreme and it changes all the time. The house even, Haddon Hall, is just so steeped in history, the spaces, the galleries, they sort of just breathe and you feel the presence of the history."[25] Key scenes were filmed in Broughton Castle.

Release[edit]

The film had a limited release on four screens in the United States on 11 March 2011. It grossed $182,885, for a per cinema average of $45,721[2] – the best speciality debut of 2011.[26] As of 14 July 2011, its North American total stood at $11,242,660.[2] After the United States, it was released in a number of countries during the spring and summer of 2011, but not until 9 September was it released in the United Kingdom and Ireland. In its opening week, Jane Eyre moved to third place in the UK box office, behind The Inbetweeners Movie and Friends with Benefits.

Critical reception[edit]

Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 86% of 138 critical reviews are favourable.[27] The site's consensus is that "Cary Fukunaga directs a fiery and elegant adaptation, while Mia Wasikowska delivers possibly the best portrayal of the title character ever."[28]

A. O. Scott made the film an "NYT Critics' Pick", saying "This Jane Eyre, energetically directed by Cary Joji Fukunaga (Sin Nombre) from a smart, trim script by Moira Buffini (Tamara Drewe), is a splendid example of how to tackle the daunting duty of turning a beloved work of classic literature into a movie. Neither a radical updating nor a stiff exercise in middlebrow cultural respectability, Mr. Fukunaga's film tells its venerable tale with lively vigor and an astute sense of emotional detail."[29]

Richard Corliss of Time named Mia Wasikowska's performance one of the Top 10 Movie Performances of 2011.[30]

Accolades[edit]

Year of ceremony Award Category Recipient(s) Result
2011 National Board of Review Awards[31] Spotlight Award Michael Fassbender (Also for Shame, A Dangerous Method, and X-Men: First Class) Won
Satellite Awards Best Costume Design Michael O'Connor Nominated
British Independent Film Awards[32] Best Actress Mia Wasikowska Nominated
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards Best Actor Michael Fassbender (Also for Shame, A Dangerous Method, and X-Men: First Class) Won
2012 Central Ohio Film Critics Association Awards[33] Actor of the Year Michael Fassbender (Also for Shame, A Dangerous Method, and X-Men: First Class) Nominated
Goya Awards[34] Best European Film Nominated
Australian Academy of Cinema and Television Arts Award[35] Best Actress - International Mia Wasikowska Nominated
Evening Standard British Film Awards[36] Best Actor Michael Fassbender (Also for Shame) Won
London Film Museum Award for Technical Achievement Michael O'Connor Nominated
BAFTA Awards[37] Costume Design Michael O'Connor Nominated
Academy Awards[3] Best Costume Design Michael O'Connor Nominated
Sant Jordi Award Best Foreign Actor Michael Fassbender (Also for A Dangerous Method and X-Men: First Class) Won

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jane Eyre (PG)". British Board of Film Classification. 21 March 2011. Retrieved 24 September 2011.
  2. ^ a b c "Jane Eyre (2011)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 20 January 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Hugo leads 2012 Oscar Nominations with 11". Oscars. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
  4. ^ BFI: Jane Eyre Linked 2013-12-24
  5. ^ Thomas, Archie (3 October 2008). "Brit List brings scripts to light". Variety. Reed Business Information. Retrieved 8 April 2010.
  6. ^ McGrath, Charles (4 March 2011). "Another Hike on the Moors for 'Jane Eyre'". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 March 2011.
  7. ^ Jaafar, Ali (20 October 2009). "Fukunaga near 'Jane Eyre' redo". Variety. Retrieved 18 March 2010.
  8. ^ Coombs, Molly J. (12 March 2011). "Jane Eyre director Cary Fukunaga and star Mia Wasikowska – The Blast Interview". BLAST. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  9. ^ a b Jaafar, Ali (19 November 2009). "Wasikowska in talks for 'Jane Eyre'". Variety. Retrieved 18 March 2010.
  10. ^ Buchanan, Kyle (10 March 2010). "Director Cary Fukunaga on the 'Darker Sides' of His Upcoming Jane Eyre". Movieline. Archived from the original on 12 March 2010. Retrieved 18 March 2010.
  11. ^ Hoyle, Ben (24 April 2010). "Brooding Brontës replace Austen as 'bonnet drama' returns". The Times. Retrieved 27 April 2010.
  12. ^ Rea, Steven (20 March 2011). "On Movies: 'Jane Eyre' role a dream come true for Wasikowska". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 22 March 2011.
  13. ^ a b c Chai, Barbara (10 March 2011). "Does 'Jane Eyre' Do Justice to the Book?". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 10 March 2011.
  14. ^ a b Portman, Jamie (28 March 2011). "From Sin Nombre to Jane Eyre". Postmedia News. Canada.com. Retrieved 16 April 2011.[permanent dead link]
  15. ^ a b "Production begins on Jane Eyre". BBC Press Office. 19 March 2010. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
  16. ^ Kit, Borys (10 February 2010). "'Jane Eyre' adaptation attracts cast". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 18 March 2010.
  17. ^ "Michael Fassbender Finds his 'Jane Eyre'". Irish Film and Television Network. 12 March 2010. Retrieved 18 March 2010.
  18. ^ "New BBC One drama, Helena Bonham Carter and Freddie Highmore star in Toast". BBC. 21 May 2010. Retrieved 21 May 2010.
  19. ^ Mallett, Chris (26 March 2011). "Haddon Hall 'secrets' charmed directors". Derby Telegraph. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
  20. ^ "Top actors heading here to shoot new Jane Eyre movie". Derby Telegraph. 7 April 2010. Retrieved 8 April 2010.
  21. ^ Dawes, Martin (24 March 2010). "It's not Lark Rise to Grindleford!". thestar.co.uk. Retrieved 8 April 2010.
  22. ^ "Dario Marianelli scoring new 'Jane Eyre' adaptation". Film Music Reporter. 22 December 2010. Retrieved 31 December 2010.
  23. ^ Bruce, Leslie (13 March 2011). "'Jane Eyre' Costume Designer Reveals Secrets Behind Mia Wasikowska's Wardrobe". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 14 March 2011.
  24. ^ Gantz, Jeffrey (17 March 2011). "Jane Eyre redux". The Portland Phoenix. Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2011.
  25. ^ King, Dennis (15 April 2011). "Forbidding setting, climate make 'Jane Eyre' production daunting". Wimgo. Archived from the original on 23 April 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2011.
  26. ^ Knegt, Peter (13 March 2011). "Box Office: "Jane Eyre" Gives 2011 Its Best Specialty Debut". indieWire. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  27. ^ "Jane Eyre (2011)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 10 April 2011.
  28. ^ "Jane Eyre (2011): Top Critics". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 7 April 2011.
  29. ^ Scott, A. O. (10 March 2011). "Radiant Spirit Blossoms in Barren Land". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
  30. ^ Corliss, Richard (7 December 2011). "The Top 10 Everything of 2011 – Mia Wasikowska for Jane Eyre". Time. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  31. ^ "National Board of Review Announces 2011 Awards; HUGO Takes Top Prize". WeAreMovieGeeks.com. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
  32. ^ "Nominations and jury revealed for the Moët British Independent Film Awards" Archived 3 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine. BIFA.org. Retrieved 23 December 2011.
  33. ^ "Central Ohio Film Critics Nominations". AwardsDaily. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
  34. ^ "Goya Awards 2012: Finalists". Goya Awards. Retrieved 11 January 2012.
  35. ^ "AACTA International Award Nominees Announced"[permanent dead link]. AACTA. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
  36. ^ "'Shame' leads the pack at the Evening Standard Film Awards Nominations!". Evening Standard. Retrieved 6 February 2012.
  37. ^ "BAFTA Film Awards Nominations in 2012". BAFTA. Retrieved 19 January 2012.

External links[edit]