Japan Revolutionary Communist League
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Several small groups split from the Japanese Communist Party (JCP) following the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. They attended a congress in 1957 and agreed to unite as the JRCL. Although Japan had no history of Trotskyist organisations, they affiliated with the International Secretariat of the Fourth International, while also making contact with the U.S. Socialist Workers Party.
Many of the organisation's founding members were active in the All-Japan Federation of Student Autonomous Associations, and disagreed with the JCP policy forbidding the student group from developing any political lines distinct from the party. The JRCL came to control the student organisation for most of the remainder of its history. Other members initially attempted to work within the JCP, but leading member Kyoji Nishi was expelled in 1958. The following year, the party split, with dissidents including Kuroda Kan'ichi forming the Japan Revolutionary Communist League National Committee. The remainder of the party instead attempted entrism within the Japan Socialist Party. This continued until 1968, when the group re-established itself openly, after it had gained members during anti-Vietnam War protests. It remained part of the international Trotskyist movement, becoming part of the Fourth International (FI). The party increasingly turned to work in the trade unions, with some success. In 1991, it was demoted to sympathiser status within the FI.
- Robert Jackson Alexander, "International Trotskyism, 1929-1985: a documented analysis of the movement", pp.599-601
- Introduction to Japan Revolutionary Communist League