Jean-Charles Alphand

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Jean-Charles Alphand
Adolphe Alphand Roll Petit Palais PPP00112.jpg
Portrait of Jean-Charles Alphand (1888), by Alfred Philippe Roll
Born 1817
Died Paris
Occupation French engineer of the Corps of Bridges and Roads
Bust of Jean-Charles Alphand over his tomb at Père Lachaise Cemetery; (Jules Coutan, sculptor)
A monument to Alphand, avenue Foch Paris,[1]

Jean-Charles Adolphe Alphand (French pronunciation: ​[ʒɑ̃ ʃaʁl adɔlf alfɑ̃]), born in 1817 and died in 1891, interred at Père Lachaise Cemetery (division 66), was a French engineer of the Corps of Bridges and Roads.

Life and career[edit]

Under Napoléon III, Alphand participated in the renovation of Paris directed by Baron Haussmann between 1852 and 1870, in the company of another engineer Eugène Belgrand and the landscape architect Jean-Pierre Barillet-Deschamps.

He created walks, parks and gardens designed to embellish and sanitize Paris. He also remodels the Bois de Vincennes and bois de Boulogne.

Jean-Charles Alphand's notable accomplishments include:

After the retirement of Baron Haussmann, his successor, Léon Say, entrusted to Alphand the position of Director of Public Works of Paris. Under this title, Alphand continued Haussmann's works. Alphand also became the Director of Water Works after the death of Eugène Belgrand in 1878. In particular, Alphand directed the construction of:

  • The fortifications of Paris
  • The Trocadéro Gardens, carried out for the Paris Universal Exposition of 1878
  • Preparation for the Universal Exposition of 1889
  • The promenade and the gardens of Paris's Hôtel de Ville



  1. ^ This monument is the work of sculptor Aimé-Jules Dalou and architect Jean-Camille Formigé. It is located between 17-22 Avenue Foch.
  2. ^ IPNI.  Alphand. 

Fierro, Alfred (1999). "Buttes-Chaumont". Life and History of the 19th Arrondissement. Paris: Editions Hervas. pp. 80–100. ISBN 2-903118-29-9.