Portrait of Jean-Charles Alphand (1888), by Alfred Philippe Roll
|Occupation||French engineer of the Corps of Bridges and Roads|
Jean-Charles Adolphe Alphand (French pronunciation: [ʒɑ̃ ʃaʁl adɔlf alfɑ̃]), born in 1817 and died in 1891, interred at Père Lachaise Cemetery (division 66), was a French engineer of the Corps of Bridges and Roads.
Life and career
Under Napoléon III, Alphand participated in the renovation of Paris directed by Baron Haussmann between 1852 and 1870, in the company of another engineer Eugène Belgrand and the landscape architect Jean-Pierre Barillet-Deschamps.
Jean-Charles Alphand's notable accomplishments include:
- The Square du Temple
- The Paris Observatory Avenue (Avenue de l'Observatoire)
- The gardens of Champs-Élysées
- Parc Monceau
- Boulevard Richard-Lenoir
- Bois de Vincennes
- Parc Montsouris
- Bois de Boulogne
- Parc des Buttes-Chaumont
- Square des Batignolles
- Jardin des Plantes du Mans
After the retirement of Baron Haussmann, his successor, Léon Say, entrusted to Alphand the position of Director of Public Works of Paris. Under this title, Alphand continued Haussmann's works. Alphand also became the Director of Water Works after the death of Eugène Belgrand in 1878. In particular, Alphand directed the construction of:
- The fortifications of Paris
- The Trocadéro Gardens, carried out for the Paris Universal Exposition of 1878
- Preparation for the Universal Exposition of 1889
- The promenade and the gardens of Paris's Hôtel de Ville
- Alphand, Jean-Charles (1984). Les Promenades De Paris. New York, New York: Princeton Architectural Press. ISBN 0-910413-06-1.
- Downie, David (2005). "Montsouris and Buttes-Chaumont: the art of the faux". Paris, Paris: Journey into the City of Light. Fort Bragg: Transatlantic Press. pp. 34–41. ISBN 0-9769251-0-9.