Buddy Holly and the Crickets in 1958 (top to bottom): Allison, Holly and Joe B. Mauldin
|Birth name||Jerry Ivan Allison|
August 31, 1939 |
|Genres||Rock and roll, rockabilly|
|Instruments||Drums, percussion, vocals, guitar|
|Associated acts||The Crickets|
Jerry Ivan Allison (born August 31, 1939) is an American musician, best known as the drummer for the Crickets and co-writer of their hits "That'll Be the Day" and "Peggy Sue", recorded with Buddy Holly.
Allison's first professional recording was "Who's Gonna Be the Next One Honey", released as a 45-rpm disc (now very rare) by a local group, Hal Goodson and the Raiders. It was also performed at the Norman Petty studio in Clovis, New Mexico, about six months before "Peggy Sue" was recorded. In their early days at the Lubbock Youth Center, in Lubbock, Texas, Allison's drumming was the sole accompaniment to Buddy Holly's vocals and guitar, allowing Holly to perform some of his best guitar work.
Over time, Allison's rhythm backup ranged from slapping his hands on his knees or clapping his hands to a modal plainness of cymbal drumming. His snappy cracks at the snare drum gave power to the songs released under the Crickets' name. Later songs, released under Holly's name, were softer in tone and filled with innocence and longing. On these, Allison played only tom-toms, in keeping with the sound of the vocals. His work on the Crickets' recordings gave the records much of their distinctiveness and has influenced subsequent generations of rock-and-roll drummers.
The recording producer Norman Petty, who was also Holly's manager, often manipulated songwriting credits. Allison, who was credited with another song to which he contributed little, helped to compose the music for some of the famous songs, notably "That'll Be the Day" and "Peggy Sue" (Allison later married Peggy Sue Gerron, after whom the song was named, who in her biography quoted Allison saying he did not write it—"Buddy did"). Holly had recorded "That'll Be the Day" before he started working with Petty, so the inclusion of Petty's name in the songwriting credit for the later version by the Crickets illustrates the manipulation of the credits. Allison has referred in several published interviews to his role in composing "Not Fade Away", which was credited to Norman Petty and "Charles Hardin" (Holly's first and middle names—he was born Charles Hardin Holley [sic]).
Allison did not sing on the Crickets' records made with Holly—despite the misleading crediting of the band as "vocal group with instrumental accompaniment"—but in 1958 he released the single "Real Wild Child" (having heard Johnny O'Keefe play the original during the Crickets' brief visit to Australia that year), which he recorded under the pseudonym Ivan, with Holly playing guitar and singing backing vocals. It was a minor chart entry in 1958 and the first studio recording of the song, which became a rock standard. Allison also sang on a few later releases by the Crickets, both singles and album tracks.
According to Holly's biographer John Goldrosen, the song "Peggy Sue" was originally named after Holly's niece, Cindy Lue, but the name was changed at Allison's request: Peggy Sue was Allison's girlfriend (eventually his wife), and the altered title was a way of asking her to come back after a breakup.
Career after Holly
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After Holly's death in 1959, Allison continued his musical career. He retained control of the band's name and has toured and recorded with a group as the Crickets. The members of the group have changed over time, but the most consistently present have been the bassist Joe B. Mauldin, who was in the Crickets with Holly, and the guitarist and singer Sonny Curtis, who played with Holly before the Crickets were formed in 1957 and rejoined shortly after Holly's death. Others who were in the band at one time or another include Glen D. Hardin, who was also a member of Elvis Presley's live band; Albert Lee, who was also once a member of Emmylou Harris's Hot Band; and several lead vocalists, including Earl Sinks, David Box and Jerry Naylor.
The band's last recordings for the Coral label included several singles, which were incorporated in the 1960 album In Style with the Crickets. The rock classic "I Fought the Law", written by Curtis, first appeared there, and tracks from singles released after Holly's death included their version of Holly's "Love's Made a Fool of You", a chart entry for them in the UK in late 1959, and the Allison–Curtis composition "More Than I Can Say", which was later recorded by Leo Sayer and other artists.
Allison switched the band's contract to Liberty Records in 1960, after they had supported the Everly Brothers on a UK tour. He moved his base to Los Angeles, where an old Texas friend, Snuff Garrett, was a senior producer at Liberty. Allison, Curtis and another former Holly sideman, Tommy Allsup, effectively became the core the Liberty house band, working with Bobby Vee, Johnny Burnette and others. In this period they also played as backing musicians on tracks by Eddie Cochran and, according to some reports, Conway Twitty. Both Allison and Curtis were drafted into military service at different times during this period, which introduced some discontinuity in the personnel of the Crickets. Curtis also began to establish a solo career as a songwriter and singer-guitarist.
In the late 1970s, the band toured with Waylon Jennings, another one-time Holly sideman. In more recent years, the Crickets have released albums, including collaborations with artists who recognize their influence in early rock and roll: Nanci Griffith (with whom they have also toured), Eric Clapton, Paul McCartney, Johnny Rivers, Waylon Jennings, Bobby Vee, and others. In 2007, Allison was inducted into the Musicians Hall of Fame and Museum in Nashville, Tennessee, as a member of the Crickets. In 2012, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of the Crickets by a special committee, aimed at correcting the mistake of not including the Crickets with Buddy Holly when he was first inducted in 1986. With the death of Crickets bassist Joe B. Mauldin in 2015, Allison is the sole surviving member of the Crickets from their late-1950s heyday.
- "Jerry Allison". allmusic. Retrieved 2006-11-14.
- "Songs Composed by Jerry Allison". Retrieved 2006-11-23.
- "Hal Goodson and the Raiders". Retrieved 2010-08-09.
- George-Warren, Holly; Decurtis, Anthony (eds.) (1976). The RollingStone Illustrated History of Rock & Roll (3rd ed.). New York: Random House. pp. 88–89. ISBN 0-679-73728-6.
- Gillett, Charlie (1996). The Rise of Rock and Roll (2nd ed.). New York: Da Capo Press. pp. 97–98. ISBN 0-306-80683-5.
- "Jerry Allison". Retrieved 2006-11-07.
- "Peggy Sue". allmusic. Retrieved 2006-11-14.[dead link]
- Stewart, Dick; Gerron, Peggy Sue (July 4, 2004). "Up Close with Peggy Sue Gerron, The 'Real' Peggy Sue". Music Dish. The Lance Montyly. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
- "Peggy Sue Got Where?". BBC News Magazine. BBC. February 3, 2009. Retrieved April 28, 2013.