|Senator for New South Wales|
16 March 1971 – 21 July 1978
|Preceded by||James Ormonde|
|Succeeded by||Kerry Sibraa|
|Born||3 June 1915|
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
|Died||16 January 1999 (aged 83)|
Wentworth Falls, New South Wales, Australia
|Political party||Australian Labor Party|
|Spouse(s)||1) Nora Fitzer |
2) Freda Watson
3) Gillian Appleton
|Alma mater||University of Melbourne |
University of Sydney
James Robert McClelland[a] (3 June 1915 – 16 January 1999) was an Australian solicitor, jurist, Senator, Minister in the Third Whitlam Ministry, Royal Commissioner looking at British nuclear tests in Australia, and the first chief judge of the Land and Environment Court of NSW.
Born in Melbourne, McClelland was educated at St Patrick's College, Ballarat and Melbourne University (B.A.) and Sydney University (Law). He served in the Royal Australian Air Force between 1943 and 1946. After that he worked as a solicitor in Sydney for years.
The legal practice of McClelland dealt mainly with union workers compensation claims for the Federated Ironworkers' Association of Australia, where he was associated with Laurie Short. He played a large part (with Bob Santamaria) in helping Short take control of the Union from the openly pro-communist Ernie Thornton. By this time, nevertheless, he had turned against his former Catholic upbringing, and unlike many other Santamaria allies he never joined the DLP.
McClelland was elected to represent New South Wales for the ALP in the 1970 Senate election, his term to begin on 1 July 1971. In March 1971 he was appointed to a casual vacancy for the remainder of the term of the late Senator James Ormonde. He was again elected in the double dissolution election of May 1974. In the Third Whitlam Ministry he was Minister for Manufacturing Industry from 10 February to 6 June 1975. From 6 June to 11 November 1975 he was Minister for Labour and Immigration and Minister assisting the Prime Minister in matters relating to the Public Service. He was again elected at the December 1975 double dissolution election. He resigned from the Senate on 21 July 1978.
In 1980 McClelland was appointed the first chief judge of the Land and Environment Court of NSW, holding that office until his 70th birthday in June 1985.
In 1984, as Justice McClelland, he was President of the Royal Commission into British nuclear tests in Australia at Maralinga.
McClelland married three times:
- in 1947 to Nora Fitzer with whom he adopted two children but divorced in 1968
- in 1968 to Freda Watson who brought three step children. She died in 1976
- in 1978 to Gillian Appleton.
- Although he was nicknamed "Diamond Jim" by the Australian media, at McClelland's funeral, Gough Whitlam indicated that McClelland disliked this Americanism.
- Portraits: Jim McClelland, Quadrant, June 2005 – 49:6 [Accessed 4 March 2006]
- James McClelland, (1988), Stirring the Possum: A Political Autobiography, Penguin, Sydney ISBN 0-14-009764-3
- James McClelland, (1989), An Angel Bit The Bride Penguin ISBN 0-14-012831-X
- Gillian Appleton, (2000), Diamond Cuts: An Affectionate Memoir of Jim McClelland Macmillan ISBN 0-7329-1051-X
| Minister for Manufacturing Industry
| Minister for Labour and Immigration
|New title|| Chief Judge of the Land and Environment Court (NSW)