Wentworth Falls, New South Wales
New South Wales
|Population||6,076 (2016 census)|
|Elevation||872 m (2,861 ft)|
|LGA(s)||City of Blue Mountains|
|State electorate(s)||Blue Mountains|
Wentworth Falls (postcode: 2782) is a town in the Blue Mountains region of New South Wales, situated approximately 100 kilometres (62 mi) west of the Sydney central business district, and about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) east of Katoomba, Australia on the Great Western Highway, with a Wentworth Falls railway station on the Main Western line. The town is at an elevation of 867 metres (2,844 ft) AHD . At the 2016 census, Wentworth Falls had a population of 6,076.
Wentworth Falls hosts several festivals and events, including the Wentworth Falls Autumn Festival in April, the Wentworth Falls Public School Art and Craft Show in October and the Task Force 72 Annual Regatta in either November or December. Wentworth Falls is home to WFCC or Wentworth Falls Cricket Club. Established in 1892 it is one of the Blue Mountains' longest serving cricket clubs.
Kings Tableland, a plateau located at the south-east corner of Wentworth Falls, contains areas of major archaeological importance, including the Kings Tableland Aboriginal Site. This area is highly significant to the Gandangara, Darug and Wiradjuri people. Used as a gathering place for at least 22,000 years, the area contains a variety of cultural features, including engravings, axe-grinding grooves, modified rock pools and an occupation shelter.
Originally called The Weatherboard after the ‘Weatherboard Inn’ built in 1814, a year later the town was named Jamison’s Valley by Governor Lachlan Macquarie in honour of the colony's leading private citizen, Sir John Jamison. In July 1867, the first railway journey to the Blue Mountains left Penrith and traveled through to Weatherboard Station, where the train terminated. In 1879, the village took its name from a nearby system of waterfalls, which in turn were named for William Charles Wentworth, one of the men that headed the exploration to cross the mountains in 1813 and a friend of John Jamison.
On the north side of the town is Pitt Park. The Bathurst Traveller, later renamed Weatherboard Inn, was built here in 1826. The site, adjacent to the railway station, is now the location of the village war memorial. Charles Darwin was reported to have stayed there in 1836, walking from the inn along Jamison Creek to the cliff’s edge, about which he wrote ‘an immense gulf unexpectedly opens through the trees, with a depth of perhaps 1,500 feet’. The route he took was formally opened as the Charles Darwin Walk in 1986 and leads from Wilson Park opposite the School of Arts building to the northern escarpment of the Jamison Valley.
The Kings Tableland area also once hosted a deer park that closed down in the late 1980s, with the site subsequently falling into private ownership. Several deer were sighted around the area for some time until they were culled by National Parks rangers. This area is also home to the site of the former Queen Victoria Sanitorium, once a major facility for the treatment of tuberculosis. Ownership of the site has shifted between Government and various private interests over the decades since it was closed in the 1980s. Sporadic development proposals for the former hospital have been the source of some local concern.
Wentworth Falls has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Blue Mountains National Park: Blue Mountains walking tracks
- 63-67 Falls Road: Davisville, Wentworth Falls
- 1-15 Matcham Avenue: Weatherboard Inn archaeological site
- 'La Vista', 65 Blaxland Road, Wentworth Falls.
According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 6,076 people in Wentworth Falls.
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 2.0% of the population.
- 74.9% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 6.5% and New Zealand 1.7%.
- 88.2% of people spoke only English at home.
- The most common responses for religion were No Religion 38.5%, Catholic 18.4% and Anglican 17.1%.
Ingar Camp Ground, one of the most scenic picnic grounds in the Blue Mountains, is eight kilometres further east along Murphys Fire Trail. Further south along Kings Tableland are Sunset Lookout and McMahon’s Lookout, both of which provide long views over Lake Burragorang. These roads went into the Burragorang Valley prior to the valley's flooding by Warragamba Dam.
Other points of interest and local institutions include the historic Grand View Hotel, the Wentworth Falls School of Arts, Falls Gallery, located on Falls Road close to the Falls themselves, showing some of the major contemporary Australian artists. The Kedumba Gallery (found within the grounds of the Blue Mountains Grammar School) and Wentworth Falls Lake, an artificial lake created early in the 20th century to provide water for steam locomotives. This is now a reserve and recreation area. The School of Arts is a popular venue for local community events and theatre productions and also houses the local library. Another landmark is Yester Grange, a heritage-listed home in Yester Street. A sprawling timber bungalow with extensive verandas, Yester Grange had a number of owners over the years but eventually became a function centre.
There are many natural lookouts in the area including Lincoln's Rock, Breakfast Point Lookout, Princes Rock Lookout, Wentworth Falls Lookout and Rocket Point Lookout. A track through the Valley of the Waters leads to Empress Falls, Sylvia Falls, Lodore Falls, Flat Rock Falls and, near the junction of Jamison and Valley of the Waters Creeks, the sheltered Vera Falls. Empress Falls is one of the most popular beginner commercial canyoning trips in the Blue Mountains, and canyoners can be seen abseiling Empress Falls from the tourist track
One of the most popular walks in the area, the National Pass, skirts the top edge of the Valley of the Waters, along a narrow clay stone ledge perched halfway down the cliff, and then ascends the ridge via a series of sandstone steps built by Peter Mulheran and a group known as "The Irish Brigade" in 1908. The Conservation Hut is an information centre and restaurant in Wentworth Falls leased from the NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service, and serves as a starting point for several of these walks.
Strathmore, a heritage-listed Federation Queen Anne cottage in Falls Road
- Reg Livermore - noted actor and playwright
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Wentworth Falls (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
- "Atlas of Aboriginal Places: Kings Tableland". Office of Environment & Heritage. NSW Government. 21 May 2013. Archived from the original on 3 February 2016. Retrieved 1 July 2013.
- Stockton, Eugene (1993), Blue Mountains dreaming : the Aboriginal heritage, Three Sisters Productions, ISBN 978-0-646-14883-0
- "Origin of Blue Mountains Town Names.." Blue Mountains City Council
- "National Parks". National Parks. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
- "Wf025 : Queen Victoria Sanitorium". Office of Environment & Heritage. NSW Government. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
- "Blue Mountains Walking tracks". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Department of Planning and Environment. H00980. Retrieved 18 May 2018. Text is licensed by State of New South Wales (Department of Planning and Environment) under CC-BY 4.0 licence.
- "Davisville". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Department of Planning and Environment. H00401. Retrieved 18 May 2018. Text is licensed by State of New South Wales (Department of Planning and Environment) under CC-BY 4.0 licence.
- "Weatherboard Inn Archaeological Site". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Department of Planning and Environment. H00595. Retrieved 18 May 2018. Text is licensed by State of New South Wales (Department of Planning and Environment) under CC-BY 4.0 licence.
- "Wf074 : La Vista and Garden | NSW Environment, Energy and Science". www.environment.nsw.gov.au. 22 October 2019. Retrieved 30 August 2020.
- "Wentworth Falls". The Sydney Morning Herald. 8 February 2004. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
- "Lincoln's Rock, Wentworth Falls | True Blue Mountains".
- Paton, Neil (2004). Sydney and Blue Mountains Bushwalks. Sydney: Kangaroo Press. pp. 202–207.
- "National Parks". National Parks. Retrieved 7 September 2014.