John Peter Gandy
Gandy was the youngest of the ten children of Thomas Gandy (d. 1814) and his wife, Sophia, née Adams. His older brothers included the painter Joseph Michael Gandy ARA (1771–1843) and the architect Michael Gandy (bap. 1773, d. 1862). Their father Thomas worked at White's Club, St James's, London.
In 1805 John Peter Gandy was admitted to the Royal Academy Schools, where he was awarded their silver medal in 1806. He exhibited at the Royal Academy between 1805 and 1833. His early exhibits included "A Design for the Royal Academy" (1807) and two drawings, "An Ancient City" and "The Environs of an Ancient City" (1810).
He was a pupil of James Wyatt from 1805 to 1808 and, when he left Wyatt's office, he took a job at the Barrack Office. In 1810 his was the winning design for a new Bethlem Hospital, though it was never built. He was granted leave from the Barrack Office from 1811 to 1813 to accompany Sir William Gell as his architectural draughtsman on an expedition to Greece on behalf of the Society of Dilettanti. The write-up of the trip was published in 1817 as The Unedited Antiquities of Attica, and in 1840 as the third volume of Antiquities of Ionia, edited by William Wilkins. Gell and Gandy also published Pompeiana (1817–19), which came to be the standard work on the excavations at Pompeii.
Gandy was elected a member of the Society of Dilettanti in 1830 and then began establishing himself as an architect. To begin with he collaborated with William Wilkins on works including an abortive 1817 design for a 280-foot tower commemorating the battle of Waterloo, intended for Portland Place, the plan fell through due to an economic recession; the United University Club, Pall Mall from 1822–26; and on University College London, for which his designs were runner-up to Wilkins's, which Gandy then assisted Wilkins to construct.
Gandy's other London buildings included the Greek Revival St Mark's Church, North Audley Street (1825–8), and Exeter Hall, in The Strand (1830–31). He remodelled the courtyard of Burghley House, Northamptonshire (1828) and made alterations at Shrubland Park, Suffolk (1831–3). Though he was regarded as an authority on Greek architecture and produced mostly neo-classical designs, there were exceptions, such as the hospital at Stamford, in the Tudor Gothic style. He was elected ARA in 1826 and RA in 1838, with Wilkins' support.
In 1828 Gandy's friend Henry Deering bequeathed him the Lee estate, near Great Missenden, Buckinghamshire. Gandy took the name of Deering and, gradually giving up his profession as an architect, spent the rest of his life as a country gentleman. He was elected as a Conservative Member of Parliament (MP) for Aylesbury at the 1847 general election, but a petition led to his election being declared void in 1848. He was High Sheriff of Buckinghamshire in 1840.
Notes and references
- Burnet, George Wardlaw (1888). "Deering, John Peter". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 14. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- "No. 20766". The London Gazette. 20 August 1847. p. 3031.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 32. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- "No. 20842". The London Gazette. 31 March 1848. p. 1277.
- Burnet, G. W. (1885–1900). "Deering, John Peter". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- 'Gandy afterwards Deering, John Peter', H. M. Colvin, A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600–1840, 3rd edn (1995), 387–8
- A. Felstead, J. Franklin, and L. Pinfield, eds., Directory of British architects, 1834–1900 (1993); 2nd edn, ed. A. Brodie and others, 2 vols.(2001)
- R. Windsor Liscombe, William Wilkins, 1778–1839 (1980)
- Algernon Graves, A dictionary of artists who have exhibited works in the principal London exhibitions of oil paintings from 1760 to 1880 (1884); new edn. (1895); 3rd edn, 76, 107.
- The Builder, 8 (1850), 130
- S. C. Hutchison, 'The Royal Academy Schools, 1768–1830', Walpole Society, 38 (1960–62), 123–91
- 'Gandy-Deering (Peter John, also known as J. P. Gandy, Gandy Deering and J. P. Deering from 1828', The Dictionary of Architecture, ed. [W. Papworth] (1853–92)
- Gentleman's Magazine, 2nd ser., 33 (1850), 448
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Deering
- Profile on Royal Academy of Arts Collections
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Charles John Baillie-Hamilton
Richard Rice Clayton
|Member of Parliament for Aylesbury
1847 – 1848
With: The Lord Nugent
The Lord Nugent
|High Sheriff of Buckinghamshire
Thomas Newland Allen