General Miaja in 1938
|President of the National Defense Council|
5 March 1939 – 28 March 1939
|President of the Madrid Defense Council|
6 November 1936 – 23 April 1937
|Born||20 April 1878|
Oviedo, Asturias, Kingdom of Spain
|Died||14 January 1958 (aged 79)|
Mexico City, Mexico
|Awards|| Order of Saint Hermenegild|
Laureate Plate of Madrid
|Allegiance|| Kingdom of Spain (1898–1931)|
Spanish Republic (1931–1939)
Spanish Republican Army
|Years of service||1898–1939|
Spanish Civil War
He entered the Infantry Academy at Toledo in 1896. His first post was in Asturias. Miaja was later transferred to Melilla where he served in the Moroccan War of 1900, achieving the rank of major comandante in 1911, and rising to General in 1932. Despite Miaja's membership of the right-wing Unión Militar Española, in 1935 conservative minister of War, José María Gil-Robles y Quiñones, sent him to Lérida, a relatively obscure posting far from the capital, an indication that he did not have the full confidence of the government.
Spanish Civil War
At the start of the military rebellion that lead to the Spanish Civil War, he was stationed in Madrid, remaining loyal to the Republican government and was appointed Minister of War. In November 1936, he was named commander of the Junta de Defensa de Madrid (Madrid Defense Council), when the government evacuated the capital before the imminent arrival of Nationalist troops. With Vicente Rojo Lluch as chief-of-staff, he managed to halt the Nationalists at the river Manzanares at the Battle of Madrid.
As a Spanish Republican Army commander of the Central Zone, he directed the battles of the Jarama, Guadalajara and Brunete. He later supported the rebellion led by Segismundo Casado against the communist government in March 1939, serving as President of the National Defence Council (Consejo Nacional de Defensa). He was awarded the Laureate Plate of Madrid for his role during the Siege of Madrid.
- Preston, Paul (2006). The Spanish Civil War: Reaction, Revolution and Revenge. Harper Perennial. p. 111. ISBN 978-0007232079.
- Beevor 2006, p. 171–85.
- Beevor 2006, p. 278.
- Beevor 2006, p. 279.
- Beevor 2006, p. 393.
- Antonio López Fernández (1975). General Miaja, defensor de Madrid. Editorial Gregorio del Toro, Madrid[ISBN missing]
- Beevor 2006, p. 412.
- Alpert, Michael ; El Ejército Republicano en la Guerra Civil, Siglo XXI de España, Madrid, 1989 ISBN 978-84-323-0682-2
- Beevor, Antony (2006). The Battle for Spain: The Spanish Civil War, 1936–1939. Penguin Books. pp. 526. ISBN 978-0143037651.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Carlos Engel, Historia de las Brigadas Mixtas del Ejército Popular de la República, Ed. Almena. Madrid 1999, ISBN 84-922644-7-0
- Ramón Salas Larrazábal, Historia del Ejército Popular de la República. La Esfera de los Libros S.L. ISBN 84-9734-465-0
- Suero Roca, M. Teresa; Militares republicanos de la Guerra de España. Ediciones Península Ibérica, Barcelona, 1981. ISBN 84-297-1706-4
- Thomas, Hugh. The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. 2001. London