Joseph Poindexter

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Joseph Poindexter
Joseph B. Poindexter (vol. 2, 1921).jpg
8th Territorial Governor of Hawaii
In office
March 2, 1934 – August 24, 1942
Appointed byFranklin D. Roosevelt
Preceded byLawrence M. Judd
Succeeded byIngram Stainback
6th Attorney General of Montana
In office
1915–1917
GovernorSam V. Stewart
Preceded byD.M. Kelly
Succeeded byS.C. Ford
Personal details
Born
Joseph Boyd Poindexter

April 14, 1869
Canyon City, Oregon
DiedDecember 3, 1951(1951-12-03) (aged 82)
Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii
NationalityAmerican
Spouse(s)Margaret Conger
ChildrenEverton
Helen
Alma materWesleyan University
Washington University in St. Louis

Joseph Boyd Poindexter (April 14, 1869 – December 3, 1951) was the eighth Territorial Governor of Hawaii and served from 1934 to 1942.

Early life[edit]

Joseph Boyd Poindexter was born in Canyon City, Oregon to Thomas W. and Margaret Pipkin Poindexter. He attended Wesleyan University and earned his LL.B. degree from Washington University in St. Louis. He was admitted to the Montana Bar in 1892,[1] and served as County Attorney of Beaverhead County, Montana from 1897 to 1903. He later served as a district judge in Montana from 1909 to 1915, and as Attorney General of Montana from 1915 to 1917.[2][3]

Career[edit]

In 1917, President Woodrow Wilson appointed Poindexter as Judge on the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii. Poindexter served in that capacity from May 14, 1917 to February 16, 1924. He then practiced law in Hawaii until 1934. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Poindexter the eighth governor of Hawaii on January 30, 1934.[4][5]

A joint Congressional Committee visited Hawaii in 1937 and submitted a report in February 1938 recommending a plebiscite for Hawaii statehood. The plebiscite, held on November 5, 1940, resulted in the voters recommending statehood for Hawaii.

Poindexter was appointed to the governorship of Hawaii by Roosevelt in 1934; he was reappointed to the governorship in 1938. Poindexter was the only second territorial governor to that point to serve more than one term of office.

In the immediate aftermath of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, Poindexter placed the territory under martial law and allowed the U.S. military to form a military government.[6][7] He mobilized the Hawaii Territorial Guard while the attack was still ongoing. The military government would continue until 1943. After his term expired, Poindexter remained in office until August 24, 1942, when his successor, Ingram Stainback, was confirmed. He remained in Hawaii and practiced law and in July 1943,the Hawaii supreme Court appointed him as one of the trustees of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Estate.

Gubernatorial accomplishments[edit]

An editorial at his death credited Poindexter with a balanced budget, improved civil service and wage laws that regulated child labor and improved public health and welfare. During his administration the Hawaii Housing Authority was established, and projects such as the "Mayor Wright homes" (named for George F. Wright) were begun. He advocated for larger airports and other major public works projects, including roads, parks, schools and the Ala Wai Golf Course.[8]

Later life[edit]

Poindexter resumed his law practice after leaving the governorship. In July 1943, the Hawaii Supreme Court appointed him a trustee of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Estate (now Kamehameha Schools), in which capacity he served until his death in Honolulu, Hawaii on December 3, 1951.

Personal life[edit]

Poindexter married Margaret Conger in Dillon, Montana on April 22, 1897. The couple had two children, Everton and Helen.[3]

Fraternal memberships[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "TERRITORIES: Poindexter in Paradise". Time. 12 February 1934.
  2. ^ "Political Graveyard". Lawrence Kestenbaum. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  3. ^ a b Siddal, John William (1921). Men of Hawaii: Being a Biographical Reference Library, Complete and Authentic, of the Men of Note and Substantial Achievement in the Hawaiian Islands, Volume 2. www.archive.org. Honolulu Star-bulletin. p. 214. ISBN 978-1-147-38215-0. OL 25119222M.
  4. ^ Krauss, Bob (1994). Johnny Wilson: First Hawaiian Democrat. University of Hawaii Press. p. 236. ISBN 978-0-8248-1577-6.
  5. ^ Rayson, Ann (2004). Modern History Of Hawaii. Bess Press. p. 122. ISBN 978-1-57306-209-1.
  6. ^ Whitehead, John S; Cronon, William; Lamar, Howard R; Ridge, Martin; Weber, David J (2004). Completing the Union: Alaska, Hawai'i, and the Battle for Statehood. University of New Mexico Press. pp. 71–72. ISBN 978-0-8263-3637-8.
  7. ^ Chambers, John (2006). Hawaii (On the Road Histories). Interlink Publishing Group. pp. 243–245. ISBN 978-1-56656-615-5.
  8. ^ "An Elk for Governor: J. B. Poindexter". Honolulu Elks Lodge No. 616. Archived from the original on August 28, 2008. Retrieved December 6, 2010. credited to Honolulu Advertiser December 7, 1951

Further reading[edit]

  • Dyer, C.Y. (editor), Biographical Sketches of Hawaii's Rulers, 8th ed. (Honolulu: Bishop National Bank of Hawaii, 1957), p. 34-35.
Legal offices
Preceded by
D.M. Kelly
Attorney General of Montana
1915–1917
Succeeded by
S.C. Ford
Political offices
Preceded by
Lawrence M. Judd
Territorial Governor of Hawaii
1934 - 1942
Succeeded by
Ingram Stainback