Josiah Franklin

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Josiah Franklin
Born(1657-12-23)December 23, 1657
DiedJanuary 16, 1745(1745-01-16) (aged 87)
Resting placeGranary Burying Ground on Tremont Street
NationalityEnglish
CitizenshipEnglish
OccupationBusinessman, Tallow Chandler, Soap Boiler
Known forFather of Benjamin Franklin
Spouse(s)Anne Child (1677–1689)
Abiah Folger (1689–1744)
Children18, including James, Benjamin, and Jane
Parent(s)Thomas Franklin
Jane White
RelativesHenry Franckline (grandfather)

Josiah Franklin Sr. (December 23, 1657 – January 16, 1745) was an English businessman and the father of Benjamin Franklin. Born in the village of Ecton, Northamptonshire, England, Josiah was the ninth child of blacksmith Thomas Franklin (b. 1598), and his first wife, Jane White. Thomas was the son of Henry Franckline (b. 1573) and Agnes Joanes. Thomas Franklin remarried and had more children. Josiah Franklin worked as a fabric dyer in Ecton. Franklin immigrated to the American colonies in 1682. He married twice and had 17 children: ten boys and seven girls. In Boston, he was a member of the Congregational Old South Church where he served as a tithingman.[1]

Marriage to Anne Child[edit]

Josiah Franklin married his first wife, Anne Child, in 1677 and they had eight children[2]: Lawrence, Elizabeth, Samuel, Hannah. Josiah Jr., Joseph (1688-1688), Joseph II (1689-1689), and Ann.[3] She died from complications giving birth to Joseph II. Upon moving to Boston, Josiah took up the trade of tallow chandler and soap boiler because the trade he was born to was not in demand in New England.

Marriage to Abiah Folger[edit]

In November 1689, Josiah Franklin married his second wife, Abiah Folger, in the Old South Church. Abiah of Nantucket, Massachusetts, was the daughter of Peter and Mary Morrill Foulger.[4] Peter Foulger was a schoolmaster, a miller and a surveyor.

Abiah bore Josiah 10 children: John (1690), Peter (1692), Mary (1694), James (1697), Sarah (1699), Ebenezer (1701), Thomas (1703), Benjamin (1706), Lydia (1708), and Jane (1712).

Benjamin Franklin[edit]

Josiah insisted that each of his sons must learn a trade. He had great dreams of Benjamin becoming a minister,[2] but Josiah could only afford to send his son to school for two years. As his young Benjamin loved to read, Josiah apprenticed him to his brother James, who was a printer. Later, Benjamin Franklin borrowed books from his friends and taught himself arithmetic, grammar, and philosophy. Benjamin had a very strong relationship with his father, who had a great influence on Benjamin.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dictionary definition of "Tithing" Archived 2013-04-16 at Archive.today and Dictionary definition of "Tithingman".[permanent dead link] Webster's Online Dictionary. Retrieved June 9, 2008
  2. ^ a b c Sparks, Jared (1999). "Life of Benjamin Franklin: APPENDIX No. I". UShistory.org. Retrieved December 30, 2017.
  3. ^ https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/67815297
  4. ^ Huang, Nian-sheng (2012-01-01). "Franklin's Boston Years, 1706-1723". In Waldstreicher, David (ed.). A Companion to Benjamin Franklin. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 5–24. doi:10.1002/9781444342154.ch1. ISBN 9781444342154.