Franklin Medal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Franklin Medal, "founded in 1914 by Samuel Insull … awarded by the Franklin Institute for signal and eminent service in science"
Presentation of the first Franklin Medal in Philadelphia on May 19, 1915. Front row: Samuel Insull, Walton Clark, recipient Thomas Edison and his wife Mina Miller, Chevalier Van Rappard, accepting the award for Heike Kamerlingh Onnes. Back row: Robert Bowie Owens, John J. Carty, Frank J. Sprague, William Stanley, R. Tait McKenzie.
For other uses, see Benjamin Franklin Medal.

The Franklin Medal was a science award presented from 1915 through 1997 by the Franklin Institute located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S. It was founded in 1914 by Samuel Insull.

The Franklin Medal was the most prestigious of the various awards presented by the Franklin Institute.[1] Together with other historical awards, it was merged into the Benjamin Franklin Medal, initiated in 1998.[2]

Laureates[edit]

Recipients are listed in a database on The Franklin Institute website.[2]

Year Recipient Discipline Notes
1915 Edison, ThomasThomas Edison Engineering [3]
1915 Onnes, Heike KamerlinghHeike Kamerlingh Onnes Physics
1916 Carty, John J.John J. Carty Engineering
1916 Richards, Theodore WilliamTheodore William Richards Chemistry
1917 Lorentz, HendrikHendrik Lorentz Physics
1917 Taylor, David W.David W. Taylor Engineering
1918 Marconi, GuglielmoGuglielmo Marconi Engineering
1918 Mendenhall, Thomas CorwinThomas Corwin Mendenhall Physics
1919 Dewar, JamesJames Dewar Physics
1919 Squier, George OwenGeorge Owen Squier Engineering
1920 Arrhenius, SvanteSvante Arrhenius Chemistry
1920 Parsons, Charles AlgernonCharles Algernon Parsons Engineering
1921 Fabry, CharlesCharles Fabry Physics
1921 Sprague, Frank J.Frank J. Sprague Engineering
1921 Modjeski, RalphRalph Modjeski Engineering
1922 Thomson, J. J.J. J. Thomson Physics
1923 Ferrié, Gustave-AugusteGustave-Auguste Ferrié Engineering/Computer and Cognitive Science [4]
1923 Michelson, Albert A.Albert A. Michelson Physics
1924 Rutherford, ErnestErnest Rutherford Chemistry
1924 Weston, EdwardEdward Weston Engineering
1925 Thomson, ElihuElihu Thomson Engineering
1925 Zeeman, PieterPieter Zeeman Physics
1926 Bohr, NielsNiels Bohr Physics
1926 Rea, SamuelSamuel Rea Engineering
1927 Hale, George ElleryGeorge Ellery Hale Physics
1927 Planck, MaxMax Planck Physics
1928 Brush, Charles F.Charles F. Brush Engineering
1928 Nernst, WaltherWalther Nernst Chemistry
1929 Berliner, EmileEmile Berliner Engineering
1929 Wilson, Charles Thomson ReesCharles Thomson Rees Wilson Physics
1930 Bragg, William HenryWilliam Henry Bragg Physics
1930 Stevens, John FrankJohn Frank Stevens Engineering
1931 Jeans, James HopwoodJames Hopwood Jeans Physics
1931 Whitney, Willis R.Willis R. Whitney Engineering
1932 Lenard, PhilippPhilipp Lenard Physics
1932 Swasey, AmbroseAmbrose Swasey Engineering
1933 Sabatier, PaulPaul Sabatier Chemistry
1933 Wright, OrvilleOrville Wright Engineering
1934 Langmuir, IrvingIrving Langmuir Chemistry
1934 Russell, Henry NorrisHenry Norris Russell Physics
1935 Einstein, AlbertAlbert Einstein Physics
1935 Fleming, John AmbroseJohn Ambrose Fleming Engineering
1936 Jewett, Frank B.Frank B. Jewett Engineering
1936 Kettering, Charles F.Charles F. Kettering Engineering
1937 Debye, PeterPeter Debye Chemistry
1937 Millikan, Robert AndrewsRobert Andrews Millikan Physics
1938 Durand, William F.William F. Durand Engineering
1938 Kraus, Charles A.Charles A. Kraus Chemistry
1939 Hubble, EdwinEdwin Hubble Physics
1939 Sauveur, AlbertAlbert Sauveur Engineering
1940 Baekeland, LeoLeo Baekeland Engineering
1940 Compton, ArthurArthur Compton Physics
1941 Armstrong, Edwin H.Edwin H. Armstrong Engineering
1941 Raman, C. V.C. V. Raman Physics [5]
1942 Hunsaker, Jerome ClarkeJerome Clarke Hunsaker Engineering
1942 Merica, Paul DyerPaul Dyer Merica Engineering [6]
1943 Pierce, G. W.G. W. Pierce Engineering
1943 Urey, HaroldHarold Urey Physics
1944 Coolidge, William D.William D. Coolidge Engineering
1944 Kapitza, PeterPeter Kapitza Physics
1945 Shapley, HarlowHarlow Shapley Physics
1946 Sherman, Henry ClappHenry Clapp Sherman Life Science [7]
1946 Tizard, HenryHenry Tizard Engineering [8]
1946 Fermi, EnricoEnrico Fermi Physics [9]
1947 Robinson, RobertRobert Robinson Chemistry [10]
1948 Stanley, Wendell MeredithWendell Meredith Stanley Life Science [11]
1948 Kármán, Theodore vonTheodore von Kármán Engineering [12]
1949 Svedberg, TheodorTheodor Svedberg Life Science [13]
1950 Wigner, EugeneEugene Wigner Physics [14]
1951 Chadwick, JamesJames Chadwick Physics [15]
1952 Pauli, WolfgangWolfgang Pauli Physics [16]
1953 Gibbs, William FrancisWilliam Francis Gibbs Engineering [17]
1954 Mees, KennethKenneth Mees Engineering [18]
1955 Tiselius, ArneArne Tiselius Life Science [19]
1956 Whittle, FrankFrank Whittle Engineering [20]
1957 Taylor, Hugh StottHugh Stott Taylor Chemistry [21]
1958 Douglas, Donald WillsDonald Wills Douglas Engineering [22]
1959 Bethe, HansHans Bethe Physics [23]
1960 Adams, RogerRoger Adams Engineering [24]
1961 Bronk, DetlevDetlev Bronk Life Science [25]
1962 Taylor, G. I.G. I. Taylor Life Science [26]
1963 Seaborg, Glenn T.Glenn T. Seaborg Physics [27]
1964 Breit, GregoryGregory Breit Physics [28]
1965 Seitz, FrederickFrederick Seitz Engineering [29]
1966 Chance, BrittonBritton Chance Life Science [30]
1967 Gell-Mann, MurrayMurray Gell-Mann Physics [31]
1968 Nirenberg, Marshall WarrenMarshall Warren Nirenberg Life Science [32]
1969 Wheeler, John ArchibaldJohn Archibald Wheeler Physics [33]
1970 Panofsky, Wolfgang K. H.Wolfgang K. H. Panofsky Physics [34]
1971 Alfvén, HannesHannes Alfvén Physics [35]
1972 Kistiakowsky, GeorgeGeorge Kistiakowsky Chemistry [36]
1973 Dobzhansky, TheodosiusTheodosius Dobzhansky Life Science [37]
1974 Bogolyubov, NikolayNikolay Bogolyubov Physics [38]
1975 Bardeen, JohnJohn Bardeen Physics [39]
1976 Hoagland, MahlonMahlon Hoagland Life Science [40]
1977 Harris, Cyril M.Cyril M. Harris Engineering [41]
1978 Corey, Elias JamesElias James Corey Chemistry [42]
1979 Hutchinson, G. EvelynG. Evelyn Hutchinson Life Science [43]
1980 Goldstein, AvramAvram Goldstein Life Science [44]
1980 Spitzer, LymanLyman Spitzer Physics [45]
1981 Hawking, StephenStephen Hawking Physics [46]
1982 Milstein, CésarCésar Milstein Life Science [47]
1982 Wilson, Kenneth G.Kenneth G. Wilson Physics [48]
1984 Suomi, Verner E.Verner E. Suomi Engineering [49]
1985 Pimentel, George C.George C. Pimentel Physics [50]
1986 Mandelbrot, BenoîtBenoît Mandelbrot Physics [51]
1987 Cohen, StanleyStanley Cohen Life Science [52]
1988 Knuth, DonaldDonald Knuth Computer and Cognitive Science [53]
1990 Huxley, HughHugh Huxley Life Science [54]
1990 Turnbull, DavidDavid Turnbull Physics [55]
1992 Reines, FrederickFrederick Reines Physics [56]
1995 't Hooft, GerardGerard 't Hooft Physics [57]
1996 Smalley, RichardRichard Smalley Chemistry [58]
1997 Capecchi, MarioMario Capecchi Life Science [59]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Flam, Faye (April 29, 1996). "Five to Get Franklin Institute Honors". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 2015-05-08. 
  2. ^ a b "Laureates Search". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2015-05-08. 
  3. ^ "Thomas Alva Edison". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  4. ^ "Auguste G. Ferrie". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  5. ^ "Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  6. ^ "Paul Dyer Merica". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  7. ^ "Henry Clapp Sherman". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  8. ^ "Henry Thomas Tizard". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  9. ^ "Enrico Fermi". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  10. ^ "Robert Robinson". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  11. ^ "Wendell Meredith Stanley". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  12. ^ "Theodor Von Karman". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  13. ^ "The Svedberg". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  14. ^ "Eugene P. Wigner". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  15. ^ "James Chadwick". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  16. ^ "Wolfgang Pauli". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  17. ^ "William Francis Gibbs". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  18. ^ "Charles Edward Kenneth Mees". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  19. ^ "Arne Tiselius". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  20. ^ "Frank Whittle". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  21. ^ "Hugh Stott Taylor". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  22. ^ "Donald Wills Douglas". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  23. ^ "Hans Albrecht Bethe". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  24. ^ "Roger Adams". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  25. ^ "Detlev W. Bronk". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  26. ^ "Geoffrey Ingram Taylor". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  27. ^ "Glenn T. Seaborg". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  28. ^ "Gregory Breit". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  29. ^ "Frederick Seitz". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  30. ^ "Britton Chance". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  31. ^ "Murray Gell-Mann". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  32. ^ "Marshall Warren Nirenberg". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  33. ^ "John Archibald Wheeler". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  34. ^ "Wolfgang K. H. Panofsky". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  35. ^ "Hannes Alfven". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  36. ^ "George Kistiakowsky". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  37. ^ "Theodosius Grigorevich Dobzhansky". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  38. ^ "Nikolai Nikolaevich Bogoliubov". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  39. ^ "John Bardeen". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  40. ^ "Mahlon B. Hoagland". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  41. ^ "Cyril Manton Harris". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  42. ^ "Elias J. Corey". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  43. ^ "G. Evelyn Hutchinson". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  44. ^ "Avram Goldstein". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  45. ^ "Lyman Spitzer Jr.". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  46. ^ "Stephen W. Hawking". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  47. ^ "Cesar Milstein". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  48. ^ "Kenneth Geddes Wilson". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  49. ^ "Verner E. Suomi". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  50. ^ "George Claude Pimentel". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  51. ^ "Benoît Mandelbrot". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  52. ^ "Stanley Cohen". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  53. ^ "Donald Ervin Knuth". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  54. ^ "Hugh E. Huxley". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  55. ^ "David Turnbull". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  56. ^ "Frederick Reines". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  57. ^ "Gerard 't Hooft". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  58. ^ "Richard E. Smalley". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  59. ^ "Mario Renato Capecchi". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 

External links[edit]