Josyf Veliamyn Rutsky

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Josephus Velamin-Rutski (Язэп Вельямін-Руцкі)
Metropolitan of Kiev
Jazep Rucki. Язэп Руцкі.jpg
ChurchRuthenian Uniate Church
Appointed5 April 1614
Term ended5 February 1637
PredecessorHypatius Pociej
SuccessorRaphael Korsak
Orders
Ordination1608 (Priest)
ConsecrationJune 1611 (Bishop)
by Hypatius Pociej
Personal details
Birth nameJan Rutski
Born1574
Ruta in Belarus
Died5 February 1637 (aged 62–63)
Derman', in Volhynia

Joseph Velamin-Rutski (Belarusian: Язэп Руцкі, Ukrainian: Йосиф Рутський) - (1574 – 5 April 1637) was a Greek-Catholic Metropolitan bishop of Kyiv from 1613 to 1637. He worked to build the Greek Catholic Church in the first few decades after the Union of Brest of 1596; he also reformed the Basilian monks.[1]

Early life[edit]

The family name of Joseph Velamin-Rutski (father Feliks Shchasny and mother Bahumila Korsak) lived in Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, had Ruthenian origins and was noble and Calvinist. Jan was born in 1574 and, according to a use of noble families, was named after the estate where he was born, Ruta, thus he was named Jan Velamin-Rutski.[2] At 17 he moved in Prague where he studied under the Jesuits and converted to the Catholic Church of Latin Rite against the will of his parents. From 1593-1596, Rutski studied philosophy at Wurtzburg. After the death of his father, his mother, who remained a Calvinist, opposed Rutski's desire to enter in religious live, and stopped to support his studies. But Rustki continued his studies in the St. Athanasius Greek College in Rome, where he was authorized by Pope Clement VIII to change from the Latin Rite to the Byzantine Rite. Rutski completed his studies in 1603.[2]

Metropolitan of Kiev[edit]

Jan Rutski was sent to Vilnius by Pope Clement VIII in 1605 and entered the Monastery of the Holy Trinity there in 1607 where he took the monastic name Jazep (Joseph). After was named archimandrite of the monastery, in 1611 he was appointed coadjutor bishop of Kiev and consecrated as bishop by Metropolitan Hypatius Pociej in June 1611. On Paciej's death in 1613, Joseph Velamin-Rutski became Metropolitan Joseph IV of Kiev. He was assisted by Josaphat Kuncevyc, with whom he worked beginning at the Monastery of the Holy Trinity. After becoming metropolitan, Rutski consecrated Jasaphat as coadjutor of the Archbishop of Polotsk with the title of Bishop of Vitebsk.[3][4]

In 1617, Metropolitan Rutski united a number of monasteries into the Congregation of the Holy Trinity of the Order of Saint Basil the Great.

He died February 5, 1637 and is buried in Vilnius. His cause for beatification was begun in 1937.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Metropolita Józef Welamin Rutski". Unici.pl. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
  2. ^ a b Haluscynskyj, Theodosius; Welykyv, Athanasius (1956). "Introductio". Epistolae Josephi Velamin Rutskyj metropolitae Kioviensisis catholici. Analecta OSBM. Serie 2. Sectio 3. Rome. p. IX.
  3. ^ Ludvik Nemec, “The Ruthenian Uniate Church in Its Historical Perspective,” Church History; Vol. 37, No. 4 (Dec., 1968), pp. 365-388
  4. ^ Patritium Gauchat (1935). Hierarchia catholica Medii aevi sive summorum pontificum, S.R.E. cardinalium, ecclesiarum antistitum series. 4. Regensburg. p. 149.

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Sophroniy
Archimandrite of Holy Trinity Monastery
1609 – 1614
Succeeded by
Josaphat Kuntsevych
Preceded by
Hipatiy Poti
Metropolitan of Kiev, Halych, and all Ruthenia
1613 – 1637
Succeeded by
Rafal Korsak