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Portal:Ukraine

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Introduction

Flag of Ukraine.svg

Ukraine (Ukrainian: Україна, translit. Ukrayina; Ukrainian pronunciation: [ukrɑˈjinɑ]), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a country in Eastern Europe. Excluding Crimea, Ukraine has a population of about 42.5 million, making it the 32nd most populous country in the world. Its capital and largest city is Kiev. Ukrainian is the official language and its alphabet is Cyrillic. The dominant religions in the country are Eastern Orthodoxy and Greek Catholicism. Ukraine is currently in a territorial dispute with Russia over the Crimean Peninsula, which Russia annexed in 2014. Including Crimea, Ukraine has an area of 603,628 km2 (233,062 sq mi), making it the largest country entirely within Europe and the 46th largest country in the world.

The territory of modern Ukraine has been inhabited since 32,000 BC. During the Middle Ages, the area was a key centre of East Slavic culture, with the powerful state of Kievan Rus' forming the basis of Ukrainian identity. Following its fragmentation in the 13th century, the territory was contested, ruled and divided by a variety of powers, including Lithuania, Poland, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Russia. A Cossack republic emerged and prospered during the 17th and 18th centuries, but its territory was eventually split between Poland and the Russian Empire, and finally merged fully into the Russian-dominated Soviet Union in the late 1940s as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. In 1991 Ukraine gained its independence from the Soviet Union in the aftermath of its dissolution at the end of the Cold War. Before its independence, Ukraine was typically referred to in English as "The Ukraine", but most sources have since moved to drop "the" from the name of Ukraine in all uses.

Featured article

T-34 Model 1943.

The T-34 is a Soviet medium tank produced from 1940 to 1958. It was the world's best tank when the Soviet Union entered the Second World War, and is credited as the war's most effective, efficient and influential design. First produced in 1940, at the KhPZ factory in Kharkov (now Kharkiv, Ukraine), it was the mainstay of Soviet armoured forces throughout World War II, and widely exported afterwards. It was the most-produced tank of the war, and the second most-produced tank of all time, after its successor, the T-54/55 series. The T-34 was still in service with twenty-seven countries as late as 1996.

Selected image

Zbarazh Castle.

Zbarazh (Ukrainian: Збараж, Polish: Zbaraż, Yiddish: Zbarj) is a small city in the Ternopil Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Zbarazh Raion (district), and is located in the historic region of Galicia. The major attraction of the city is the Zbarazh Castle that played a key role during the Khmelnytsky Uprising, the heroic defense of which eventually led to change of momentum and extinguishing the Cossack revolt.


Photo credit: plf16

Did you know...

Featured at Did you know section at the Wikipedia's Main Page

Mykola Leontovych
Kamianets-Podilskyi Castle
  • ...that during the Shuliavka worker's uprising of 1905, groups of 150 armed men patrolled the streets of the Shuliavka neighborhood in Kiev to clean the area of any resistors to their movement?
  • ...that Vasyl Krychevsky, a Ukrainian artist, designed the state emblem of the Ukrainian National Republic at the request of Mykhailo Hrushevskyi?
  • ...that the Emperor of Russia, Alexander III bought the art of Ukrainian realist painter Volodymyr Orlovsky?
  • ...that Swedish-Ukrainian relations have long traditions and that the Swedish king Charles XII was named protector of Ukraine in the first Ukrainian constitution of 1710 and that Hetman Pylyp Orlyk lived in Sweden 1716–1720?
  • ...that the Russian composers Peter Tchaikovsky, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov and Serge Rachmaninoff used Ukrainian folk melodies in their works?
  • ...that Polish-Ukrainian relations have been steadily improving since the fall of communism, and both countries now have a strong strategic relationship?
  • ...that the Ukrainian Baroque architecture is distinct from Western European Baroque in that its designs were more constructivist, had more moderate ornamentation, and were simpler in form?
  • ...that according to Ukrainian folklore, the girl who finds Chervona Ruta, "Red Rue" in Ukrainian, on the Ivan Kupala Day, will be happy in love?
  • ...that the 11th century Duke Yaropolk Izyaslavich is an Eastern Orthodox saint?
  • ...that in 1956, the Pidhirtsi Castle in Lviv Oblast, Ukraine. burned for three weeks costing US$12 million in damages?
  • ...that the Holy Trinity Church was the oldest church in Kamianets-Podilskyi, Ukraine, until it was destroyed by the Soviets in 1935?
  • Selected painting

    Konstiantyn Trutovsky. By the water well.

    By the water well Konstiantyn Trutovsky

    Konstiantyn Trutovsky was a Ukrainian realist painter and graphic artist. His artistic heritage includes numerous genre screens on Ukrainian themes. Trutovsky was interested in ethnography and depicted colorful Ukrainian folk customs, not shying away from "a dash of good humour".

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    Newspaper nicu buculei 01.svg News from Ukraine

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    History List of Ukrainian rulersEarly East SlavsKievan Rus'Mongol invasionHalych-VolyniaGrand Duchy of LithuaniaPolish-Lithuanian CommonwealthCossack eraImperial RussiaAustrian GaliciaUkrainian People's RepublicWestern Ukrainian RepublicUkrainian SSRIndependent Ukraine ...
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    Armed forces Chief directorate of intelligence of the Ministry of DefenceForeign Intelligence ServiceSecurity ServiceMinistry of Internal AffairsBerkutState Border Guard ServiceUkrainian Air ForceUkrainian NavySea Guard ...
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    Demographics Ukrainian languageUkrainiansUkrainian CensusRacism in UkraineRussian language in Ukraine...
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