Joyce Mansour

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Joyce Mansour
Photo of Joyce Mansour.jpg
Born
Joyce Patricia Adès

(1928-07-25)25 July 1928
Bowden, England
Died27 August 1986(1986-08-27) (aged 58)
Paris, France
NationalityEgyptian-French
EducationCairo University
Known forPoetry
MovementSurrealism

Joyce Mansour nee Joyce Patricia Adès, (25 July 1928 – 27 August 1986), was an Egyptian-French author, notable as a surrealist poet. She became the best known surrealist female poet, author of 16 books of poetry, as well as a number of important prose and theatre pieces.

Biography[edit]

Mansour was born in Bowden in England, to Jewish-Egyptian parents and lived in Cheshire for a month before her parents moved the family to Cairo, Egypt.[1] During her youth, Mansour excelled as a runner and a high jumper. She also competed in equestrian competitions.[1]

Mansour first came in contact with Parisian surrealism while still living in Cairo. She moved to Paris in 1953 at the age of 20.[1] In 1947, her first marriage at the age of 19 ended after six months when her husband died. Her second marriage was to Samir Mansour in 1949 and they divided their time between Cairo and Paris. Mansour began to write in French.

She died of cancer in Paris in 1986.[2]

Career[edit]

Mansour’s first published collection of poems, titled: Cris, was published in Paris in 1953 by Pierre Seghers.[3] This collection of work references male and female anatomy in explicit language that was unusual for the time.[4] Religious language can also be found. However, it is inverted, replacing what would be Christ with the lover.[5] References of Egyptian mythology are also present in Cris. Mansour references the White Goddess as well as Hathor.[6]

In 1954, Joyce Mansour became involved with the surrealist movement after Jean-Louise Bédouin wrote a review praising Cris in Médium: Communication surréaliste that May.[7] Joyce Mansour actively participated in the second wave of surrealism in Paris. Her apartment was a popular meeting place for members of the surrealist group. L'exécution du testament du Marquis de Sade, the performance piece by Jean Benoît took place in Mansour’s apartment.[8]

She collaborated with representatives such as Pierre Alechinsky, Enrico Baj, Hans Bellmer, Gerardo Chávez, Jorge Camacho, Ted Joans, Pierre Molinier, Reinhoud d'Haese and Max Walter Svanberg.

Work[edit]

Poetry[edit]

  • « Cris», Ed. Seghers, París, 1953
  • « Déchirures», Les Éditions de Minuit, París, 1955
  • « Rapaces», Ed. Seghers, París, 1960
  • « Carré blanc», Le Soleil Noir, París, 1966
  • « Les Damnations», Ed. Visat, París, 1967
  • « Phallus et momies», Éd. Daily Bul, 1969
  • « Astres et désastres», 1969
  • « Anvil Flowers», 1970
  • « Prédelle Alechinsky à la ligne», 1973
  • « Pandemonium», 1976
  • « Faire signe au machiniste», 1977
  • « Sens interdits», 1979
  • « Le Grand Jamais», 1981
  • « Jasmin d'hiver», 1982
  • « Flammes immobiles», 1985
  • « Trous noirs», Ed. La pierre d'Alun, Bruxelles, 1986 (illustrated by fundamental Peruvian painter Gerardo Chávez)

Prose[edit]

  • « Les Gisants satisfaits», Jean-Jacques Pauvert, París, 1958
  • « Jules César», Éd. Pierre Seghers, París, 1956
  • « Le Bleu des fonds», Le Soleil Noir, París, 1968
  • « Ça», Le Soleil Noir, París, 1970
  • « Histoires nocives», Gallimard, París, 1973

Bibliography[edit]

  • Marie-Francine Mansour, Une vie surréaliste, Joyce Mansour, complice d'André Breton, France-Empire, 2014.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 1928-1986., Mansour, Joyce (1995). Screams. Gavronsky, Serge. Sausalito, Calif: Post-Apollo Press. ISBN 978-0942996258. OCLC 32466692.
  2. ^ "Shanna Compton Celebrates Joyce Mansour". Archived 2015-09-19 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Surrealism and women. Caws, Mary Ann,, Kuenzli, Rudolf E.,, Raaberg, Gloria Gwen (First MIT Press ed.). Cambridge, Mass. ISBN 978-0262530989. OCLC 22508706.CS1 maint: others (link)
  4. ^ 1928-1986., Mansour, Joyce (1995). Screams. Gavronsky, Serge. Sausalito, Calif: Post-Apollo Press. ISBN 978-0942996258. OCLC 32466692.
  5. ^ H., Matthews, J. (1969). Surrealist poetry in France (1st ed.). Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press. ISBN 978-0815621447. OCLC 54471.
  6. ^ Surrealism and women. Caws, Mary Ann,, Kuenzli, Rudolf E.,, Raaberg, Gloria Gwen (First MIT Press ed.). Cambridge, Mass. ISBN 978-0262530989. OCLC 22508706.CS1 maint: others (link)
  7. ^ Surrealism and women. Caws, Mary Ann,, Kuenzli, Rudolf E.,, Raaberg, Gloria Gwen (First MIT Press ed.). Cambridge, Mass. ISBN 978-0262530989. OCLC 22508706.CS1 maint: others (link)
  8. ^ CONLEY, Katharine (1995). "Joyce Mansour's Ambivalent Poetic Body". French Forum. 20 (2): 221–238. ISSN 0098-9355. JSTOR 40552120.

Further reading[edit]

  • Marie-Claire Barnet, La Femme cent sexes ou les genres communicants. Deharme, Mansour, Prassinos, Peter Lang, 1998
  • Jean-Louis Bédouin, Anthologie de la poésie surréaliste, Éd. Pierre Seghers, Paris, 1983, p. 285
  • Adam Biro & René Passeron, Dictionnaire général du surréalisme et de ses environs, co-édition Office du livre, Fribourg (Suisse) et Presses universitaires de France, Paris, 1982
  • Stéphanie Caron, Réinventer le lyrisme. Le surréalisme de Joyce Mansour, Droz, Genève 2007. ISBN 978-2-600-01090-0
  • Stéphanie Caron, « De la création comme (re)commencement. Petit aperçu sur la genèse des récits de Joyce Mansour : le cas "Napoléon" », in Pleine Marge n° 37, mai 2003
  • Georgiana Colvile, Scandaleusement d'elles. Trente-quatre femmes surréalistes, Jean-Michel Place, Paris, 1999, pp. 186–195.
  • Georginana Colvile, « Joyce Mansour et "Les Gisants satisfaits", trente ans après », in Avant-Garde no 4, Rodopi, 1990.
  • Marco Conti, Joyce Mansour, l'eros senza fine, Poesia no 127, Crocetti, 1999
  • Alain Marc, Écrire le cri, Sade, Bataille, Maïakovski..., preface by Pierre Bourgeade, l'Écarlate, 2000 ISBN 9782910142049
  • J. H. Matthews, Joyce Mansour, Rodopi, Amsterdam, 1985
  • Marie-Laure Missir, Joyce Mansour, une étrange demoiselle, Jean-Michel Place, Paris, 2005 ISBN 2-85893-684-6
  • Richard Stamelman, Le Fauve parfum du plaisir, poésie et éros chez Joyce Mansour, Lachenal & Ritter
  • Richard Stamelman, La Femme s'entête, la part du féminin dans le surréalisme, Lachenal & Ritter "Pleine Marge", 1998