Kadu Makrani

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Qadir Bukhsh Rind Baloch
Born Makran
Died 1887
Karachi, Sindh
Cause of death Martyred
Other names Kadu Makrani

Qadir Bukhsh Rind Baloch alias Kadu Makrani was a nineteenth-century archetypal figure born and raised in Makran, Balochistan. He rose as an insurgent in Kathiawar, Gujarat. Qadir Bukhsh Rind Baloch was martyred and buried in Karachi, Sindh in 1887. His final resting place is Mewah Shah Graveyard (Lyari) which has become the center of inspiration today.[citation needed]


Kadu Makrani migrated with their tribe from Makran, Balochistan, to Kathiawar, Gujarat. In the mid-nineteenth century. The Nawabs of Kathiawar procured their allegiance to eradicate dacoits of Kathiawar. Kadu Makrani and their tribe fought for territories and resources, in turn, receiving tribute from the Nawabs of Kathiawar. The ascension of Kadu Makrani and their tribe was disturbing to most British Imperialists. They sought an excuse to disarm and disable Kadu Makrani and their tribe to break their gaining power stranglehold. With effort, a false reason was found when Kadu Makrani and their tribe rejected government social workers to enter their homes for the pretense of registration and census. When pressured diplomatically towards an armistice or to choose dissension, the tribe, decided to rebel instead of laying down their weapons and returning to peace. The British Imperialists suspected Kadu’s decision would occur in this manner as it was an obvious move, characteristic of Baloch warriors.[1] When British Imperialist forces marched on Baloch villages in Kathiawar with heavy weapons, Kadu Makrani, with his smaller army and his civilian support overcame their army. There was much death to both sides. Afterward, repeated guerilla warfare was employed against British forces and their local friends by Kadu Makrani. British Imperialist forces failed to counter Kadu Makrani and their army, although the British Imperialists announced a hefty Rs1,000/- followed by a 20-acre (81,000 m2) land reward for his head.

In late 1887 Kadu Makrani’s companions suggested to him he should go back to Makran for a while to ease the application of British pressure in Kathiawar as per standard practices in guerilla-warfare. Accepting the advice, Kadu Makrini's tribe moved from Kathiawar onto Ahmedabad, from there moved to Karachi, then Sindh by train. In Lyari town of Karachi, he struck a deal with a camel herder to transport him to Makran. After recognizing Kadu Makrani, the camel herder sought to betray him in return for the reward. The herder asked Kadu to meet him behind Baghdadi police station. The herder and a policeman failed to capture Kadu Makrani after he showed up at the police station. Kadu Makrini slews the both of them with his dagger and fled. While he was running through narrow streets of Baghdadi, a laborer decided to drop a heavy stone on his head to stop him, without recognizing him. Kadu was captured unconscious and after a short mock trial was sentenced to death. Kadu Makrani was executed in Karachi central jail in 1887. His body was received by Waja Dura Khan and at his burial; he was washed by Mulla Ghulam in Dura-Line Kalacot, Lyari Town. He was buried in Mewah Shah Graveyard (Lyari) with honorific proceedings.

Paolo Santoni-Rugiu and Philip J. Sykes in their book called “A History of Plastic Surgery” wrote: “Perhaps the largest series of nasal reconstructions carried out by a single surgeon in the nineteenth century was that of Tribowandas, who operated on over three hundred patients during his career. Born in 1850 to a poor family in Junagadadh, he completed his medical studies in Bombay and then returned home to begin his practice. He was possibly aided in his career by the presence of a famous bandit in the region, Kadu Makrani, whose principal activity was cutting off noses on commission.”[1]

Even today lots of people come to his final resting place to remember him and his fight against Imperialism and pay him respects.

Qadir Bukhsh Rind Baloch alias Kadu Makrani was a hero for the people of Gujarat India and Baloch living in Balochistan, Sindh. He has opposed the British Imperialist rule and elite class of Gujrat for the rights of the poor, as historian Gul Hassn Kamalti presented in his book Sindh Ji Marvi narrated the facts of the life of Qadir Bukhsh Makrani.

Descendants of Makrani still live in Junagadh, Veraval, Jamnagar (Gujarat) and Lyari (Karachi). Other than the relatives of Kadu many other Baloch from Makran are also settled in Kathiawar.

In popular culture[edit]

In 1960, Sadhana Chitra Film Company (India) made a Gujarati film called "Kadu Makrani" to pay tribute to this national hero. The film was directed by Manhar Rangildas Raskapur.[2] There are lots of Gujarati folk songs and poems which talk about honor, courage, bravery and humanity of Kadu Makrani. In 1966, a Pakistani film maker Habib ur Rehman also paid tributes to Qadir Bukhsh when he produced an Urdu film "JAAG UTHA INSAN" based on the life of Qadir Bukhsh. The film was directed by Sheikh Hasan and the lead role was played by Mohammad Ali and other co-stars were Zeba and Waheed Murad.