Kampot (city)

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Kampot
ក្រុងកំពត
Town
A street in Kampot
A street in Kampot
Kampot is located in Cambodia
Kampot
Kampot
Coordinates: 10°36′N 104°10′E / 10.600°N 104.167°E / 10.600; 104.167
Country  Cambodia
Province Kampot Province
District Kampot District
Government
 • Type City Municipality
 • Mayor H.E. Neak Sovannary
Population (1998)
 • Total 39,186
Time zone Cambodia (UTC+7)

Kampot (Khmer: ក្រុងកំពត, "Krong Kampot") is a city in southern Cambodia and the capital of Kampot Province. It is situated at the Praek Tuek Chhu river southeast of the Elephant Mountains and around 5 km (3 mi) from the Gulf of Thailand. Kampot was the capital of the Circonscription Résidentielle de Kampot under French rule and Cambodia's most important sea port after the loss of the Mekong Delta and before the establishment of Sihanoukville.[1] Its center is unlike most Cambodian provincial capitals composed of 19th century French colonial architecture. The region and town are well known for the high quality pepper, which is being exported worldwide.[2] It is also known for its Kampot fish sauce[3] and durian.[4]

History[edit]

Under 19th century French colonial administration Kampot became a regional administrative center with the status of a state border district as a result of the delimitation of the Kingdom of Cambodia. The Circonscription Résidentielle de Kampot contained the arrondissements of Kampot, Kompong-Som, Trang and Kong-Pisey.[5][6]

In 1889 French colonial census reports a multi-ethnic community: Kampot town consisted of "Cambodian Kampot" on the Prek-Kampot River and "Chinese Kampot" on the right riverbank of the west branch of the Prek-Thom River. Nearby was also a Vietnamese village, called Tien-Thanh and another Vietnamese village on Traeuy Koh Island. A Malay also existed on Traeuy Koh Island. Additional villages of mixed ethnicity are listed.[7]

Tourism[edit]

Kampot is the base for trips up the Dâmrei and Bokor Mountains.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kampot of the Belle Époque: From the Outlet of Cambodia to a Colonial Resort" (PDF). Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto. Retrieved December 26, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Kampot pepper prices post a new peak". Phnom Penh Post. January 6, 2015. Retrieved December 26, 2015. 
  3. ^ Trade Promotion Department. "Cambodia Fish Sauce (Kampot)". Cambodian Top Ten Products. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  4. ^ Trade Promotion Department. "Kampot Durian". Cambodian Top 10 Products. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  5. ^ "Kampot of the Belle Époque: From the Outlet of Cambodia to a Colonial Resort - After colonization by the French..." (PDF). Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto. Retrieved December 26, 2015. 
  6. ^ "The History of the Vinh Te Canal". UNREPRESENTED NATIONS AND PEOPLES ORGANIZATION. January 27, 2004. Retrieved December 26, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Kampot of the Belle Époque: From the Outlet of Cambodia to a Colonial Resort - When the French installed the Résidence,..." (PDF). Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto. Retrieved December 26, 2015. 

Coordinates: 10°36′N 104°10′E / 10.600°N 104.167°E / 10.600; 104.167