for 1973 film based on her history, see Karaikkal Ammaiyar (film)
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Karaikal Ammaiyar (meaning "the revered mother from Karaikkal"), one of the three women amongst the 63 Nayanmars, is one of the greatest figures of early Tamil literature. She was born at Karaikal, South India, and probably lived during the 6th century. She was a devotee of Shiva.
Karaikal is a maritime trading city in Chola Nadu. Karaikal Ammaiyar (also known as Punithavathi) was born to Dhanathathanar, from a merchant community knows as Nattukottai Nagarathar (also Known as Nattukottai Chettiar) 
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- Karavelane (in French). Kareikkalammeiyar, oeuvres editees et traduites, institut francais d'indologie, Pondicherry (1956)
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- Craddock, Elaine Śiva's Demon Devotee: Kāraikkāl Ammaiyār, SUNY Press, Albany (2010), ISBN 978-1-4384-3087-4
- McGlashan, Alastair The History of The Holy Servants of the Lord Siva, page 161 Trafford (2006), ISBN 978-1-4120-7914-3
- Das, Sisir Kumar (2005). A History of Indian Literature, 500-1399: From Courtly to the Popular. 6. Sahitya Akademi. p. 31. ISBN 9788126021710.