Yaśodharapura

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Yasodharapura (Khmer: យសោធរបុរៈ; Sanskrit: यशोधरपुर Yaśōdharapura, "Honoured City") is a city that was the first capital of the Khmer Empire. King Uthong, Ayutthaya kingdom laid siege to it in 1352. The Siamese were successful the next year in capturing the city, placing one of their princes on the throne, until 1357 when the Khmers regained it.[1]:236 It was destroyed in the 15th century by Siamese raiders.[2]

Succeeding capitals built in the area were also called Yasodharapura.

The first Yasodharapura was built around Phnom Bakheng by Yasovarman I,[1]:103[3]:64 also referred to in inscriptions as Phnom Kandal (Central Mountain), constructed just before the foundation of the city due to Yasovarman's belief that the mountain was among the holiest of places to worship the Hindu deities.

Yashodharapura was linked to Hariharalaya by a causeway. The urban complex included the Yashodharatataka.[3]:64-65

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Coedès, George (1968). Walter F. Vella, ed. The Indianized States of Southeast Asia. trans.Susan Brown Cowing. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-0368-1. 
  2. ^ Donald Richie (23 September 2007). "Yasodharapura, revived in literature". The Asian Bookshelf. The Japan Times. Retrieved 4 May 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Higham, C., 2001, The Civilization of Angkor, London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, ISBN 9781842125847