Yaśodharapura

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Yasodharapura (Khmer: យសោធរបុរៈ; Sanskrit: यशोधरपुर Yaśōdharapura) is a city that was the second capital of the Khmer Empire, established by King Yasovarman I in late 9th century and was centred on the temple of Phnom Bakheng.[1]:103[2]:64 Yasodharapura was also referred to in the inscriptions as Phnom Kandal (Central Mountain), the Phnom Bakheng was constructed just before the foundation of Yasodharapura due to Yasovarman's belief that the mountain was among the holiest of places to worship the Hindu deities. Yashodharapura was linked to an earlier capital, Hariharalaya, by a causeway. The urban complex included the Yashodharatataka.[2]:64–65

The succeeding capitals built in the area were also called Yasodharapura. One of those is Angkor Thom, centred on the Bayon temple by King Jayavarman VII (1181-1218AD).

In 1352, King U Thong (also known as Ramathibodi I of the Ayutthaya Kingdom) laid siege to it. The Ayutthaya were successful the next year in capturing the city, placing one of their princes on the throne, not until 1357 when the Khmer regained it.[1]:236

Angkor Thom was raided and abandoned in the 15th century by King Borommarachathirat II of Ayutthaya.[3]

13°25′26″N 103°51′22″E / 13.423854°N 103.856092°E / 13.423854; 103.856092

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Coedès, George (1968). Walter F. Vella, ed. The Indianized States of Southeast Asia. trans.Susan Brown Cowing. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-0368-1. 
  2. ^ a b Higham, C., 2001, The Civilization of Angkor, London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, ISBN 9781842125847
  3. ^ Donald Richie (23 September 2007). "Yasodharapura, revived in literature". The Asian Bookshelf. The Japan Times. Retrieved 4 May 2013.