Karkiya dynasty

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The Kar-Kiya dynasty, or Kia dynasty, was a Zaydi Shia dynasty which ruled over Bia pish (eastern Gilan) from the 1370s to 1592. They claimed Sasanian ancestry as well.

The Karkiya dynasty helped Shah Ismail I to establish the Safavid Empire and later became a vassal state of the empire. The Safavid shah, Abbas I put an end to the Kia'i dynasty by dispatching an army to Gilan in 1592.[1]

Karkiya rulers[edit]

  • Ali Kiya (r. 1370s-1389)
  • Hady Kiya (r. 1389-1394)
  • Amir Sayyed Mohammad (1394-1430)
  • Sayyed Naser Kiya (1430-1448)
  • Soltan-Mohammad Kiya (1448-1478)
  • Soltan-Ali Mirza (1478-1505)
  • Soltan-Ahmad Khan (r. 1506-1534)
  • Soltan-Kiya Ali (1534-1534/5)
  • Soltan-Hasan Kiya (1534/5-1538)
  • Khan Ahmad Khan (r. 1538-1592)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kasheff 2001, pp. 635–642.

Sources[edit]

  • Goto, Yukako (2017). "Kār Kiā". Encyclopaedia Iranica.
  • Kasheff, Manouchehr (2001). "GĪLĀN v. History under the Safavids". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. X, Fasc. 6. pp. 635–642.
  • Matthee, Rudi (1999). "FARHĀD KHAN QARAMĀNLŪ, ROKN-AL-SALṬANA". Encyclopaedia Iranica.
  • Nashat, Guity; Beck, Lois (2003). Women in Iran from the Rise of Islam to 1800. University of Illinois Press. pp. 1–253. ISBN 978-0-252-07121-8.
  • Newman, Andrew J. (2008). Safavid Iran: Rebirth of a Persian Empire. I.B.Tauris. pp. 1–281. ISBN 9780857716613.
  • Babaie, Sussan (2004). Slaves of the Shah: New Elites of Safavid Iran. I.B.Tauris. pp. 1–218. ISBN 9781860647215.
  • Matthee, Rudi (1999). The Politics of Trade in Safavid Iran: Silk for Silver, 1600-1730. Cambridge University Press. pp. 1–290. ISBN 0521641314.
  • Mitchell, Colin P. (2009). The Practice of Politics in Safavid Iran: Power, Religion and Rhetoric. I.B.Tauris. pp. 1–304. ISBN 0857715887.
  • Sajjadi, Sadeq; Melvin-Koushki, Matthew (2008). "The Amīr Kiyāʾids of Gīlān". In Madelung, Wilferd; Daftary, Farhad (eds.). Encyclopaedia Islamica Online. Brill Online. ISSN 1875-9831.